Lanc-Patuá creole

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Karipúna Creole French
Native to Brazil (in the state of Amapá)
Native speakers
2,400  (2008)[1]
French Creole
  • French Guianese Creole
    • Lanc-Patuá
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kmv
Glottolog kari1301[2]
Linguasphere 51-AAC-cdd

Lanc-Patuá is a creole language spoken in the state of Amapá in Brazil, primarily now around the capital, Macapá. It is a French-based creole language, spoken by local Indians and immigrants from French Guiana, the Caribbean and other areas of Brazil, and their descendants. It has some English and Portuguese influence on its vocabulary, but its grammar is clearly similar to the French-based creole languages of the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean.

The name comes from the French Langue Patois, meaning simply dialectal language.

Lanc-Patuá is derived from Karipúna Creole spoken by indigenous Amerindians. The substratum language of Karipúna Creole was the now-extinct Tupian language Karipúna.


  1. ^ Lanc-Patuá at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Karipuna Creole French". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Andrade, Julieta de. 1984. Cultura Crioula e Lanc-Patuá no Norte do Brasil. Escola de Folclore, S. Paulo.
  • Anonby, Stan. 2007. A report on the creoles of Amapá. SIL Electronic Survey Report. SILESR 2007-020.
  • Nimuendajú, Curt. 1926. Die Palikur-Indianer und ihre Nachbarn. Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag, Göteborg.
  • Tobler, Alfred W. 1987. Dicionário crioulo karipúna/português português/karipúna. Summer Institute of Linguistics, Brasília, DF.
  • Tobler, S. Joy. 1983. The grammar of karipúna creole. Série Lingüística Nº 10: 1-156. Summer Institute of Linguistics, Brasília.
  • Wittmann, Henri. 1987. "Substrat et superstrat dans le français créole des Indiens Karipouns." Paper, 7th Annual Congress of the Association québécoise de linguistique, University of Ottawa, May 19–22. Abstract in: Revue québécoise de linguistique théorique et appliquée 6:1.26.