Lancaster, Oregon

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This article is about the unincorporated community in Lane County. For the neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, see North Lancaster, Salem, Oregon. For the former station in Malheur County, see Willowcreek, Oregon.
Lancaster
Unincorporated community
Lancaster, Oregon.jpg
Lancaster is located in Oregon
Lancaster
Lancaster
Location within the state of Oregon
Coordinates: 44°15′10″N 123°11′44″W / 44.25278°N 123.19556°W / 44.25278; -123.19556Coordinates: 44°15′10″N 123°11′44″W / 44.25278°N 123.19556°W / 44.25278; -123.19556
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lane
Elevation[1] 315 ft (96 m)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
GNIS feature ID 1122931

Lancaster is an unincorporated community in Lane County, Oregon, United States.[1] It is located about two miles south of Harrisburg and two miles north of Junction City, on Oregon Route 99E near the Willamette River.[2]

History[edit]

The first post office in the area was named Freedom, established in 1858.[3] The name was changed to Lancaster in 1866 and to Junction City in 1872.[3] It is likely the office was moved south two miles after the last renaming.[3]

About 1852 or 1853, a man named Woody started a "house of entertainment" (aka a roadhouse[3][4]) at this locale, which he named "Woodyville".[5] It was also known as Woody's Landing.[4] The property was bought by Johnson Mulkey, who built a sawmill at the site and changed the name to Lancaster.[5] The sawmill was still operating in 1861 and likely longer.[5] Two stores operated at the site, which was chosen for its proximity to the southernmost navigable point on the river and a prosperous agricultural district, with hopes of the place becoming a viable town.[5] The Great Flood of 1862 changed the course of the river, leaving the town too far from the main channel, however, and the Oregon and California Railroad bypassed Lancaster, so Junction City became the more important community.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lancaster". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved 201101-06. 
  2. ^ Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. 2008. p. 39. ISBN 0-89933-347-8. 
  3. ^ a b c d McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 381. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  4. ^ a b Friedman, Ralph (1990). In Search of Western Oregon (2nd ed.). Caldwell, Idaho: The Caxton Printers, Ltd. p. 516. ISBN 0-87004-332-3. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Walling, Albert G. (1884). Illustrated History of Lane County, Oregon. Portland, Oregon: A. G. Walling Publishing Company. p. 458. OCLC 16672446. 
  6. ^ Corning, Howard McKinley (1973) [1947]. Willamette Landings: Ghost Towns of the River (2nd ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society. pp. 180–182. ISBN 0-87595-042-6.