|Nickname(s): The City of Trees|
|Dallas County, Texas|
|County||Dallas, Ellis City Type: Rural/City|
|• City Council||Mayor Marcus Knight
Clyde C. Hairston
|• City Manager||Opal Mauldin Robertson|
|• Total||30.3 sq mi (78.6 km2)|
|• Land||30.3 sq mi (78.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2) 0.22%|
|Elevation||522 ft (159 m)|
|• Density||1,200/sq mi (470/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||75134, 75146|
|GNIS feature ID||1339599|
Lancaster is a suburb of Dallas and is part of the Best Southwest area, which includes Lancaster, Cedar Hill, DeSoto, and Duncanville. Most of the city is in Dallas County, but a small southern section spills over into Ellis County. All of the Ellis County section of Lancaster is plain land with only a few houses and roads in the southern section of the city.
Lancaster is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.3 square miles (78.6 km2), of which 30.3 square miles (78.4 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.22%, is water.
Founded in 1852 and incorporated in May 1866, Lancaster was one of the first incorporated communities in Dallas County. "Honest A" Bledsoe is said to have surveyed and staked off the town on the 430-acre (1.74 km2) Rawlins survey, modeling it after his hometown of Lancaster, Kentucky. The city plan features a traffic circle in the center of a town square, with streets entering from the middle of each side.
During the American Civil War, Tucker, Sherrod & Company contracted with the State of Texas to manufacture replicas of the .44 caliber Colt Dragoon from a factory on West Main Street in Lancaster. John M. Crockett, former mayor of Dallas and lieutenant governor of Texas, served as superintendent of the arms factory.
In December 1888, Lancaster's train depot opened as a stop on the Dallas and Waco line, and in 1891, it became part of the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad (MKT) line, running from Dallas to the Gulf Coast of Texas.
On February 27, 1934, Clyde Barrow of Bonnie & Clyde fame robbed the R.P. Henry & Sons Bank that was then located near the southeast corner of the town square. Bonnie Parker waited in the getaway car on Malloy Bridge Rd. while Clyde and Raymond Hamilton walked in, robbed the bank, and walked out with over $4,000.
In 1994 a tornado of F4 intensity ripped through Lancaster, killing 3 people, devastating the historic town square, and damaging or completely destroying 250 homes in the area. The White & Company Bank building, a local landmark since 1898, was severely damaged in the tornado but was rebuilt, and in 1998 reopened as headquarters for the Lancaster Economic Development Corporation.
On April 3, 2012, an EF-2 tornado struck the city as part of the April 3, 2012 tornado outbreak. 300 structures were reported damaged. A tornado emergency was not called for Lancaster, but a tornado emergency was called for the nearby cities of Dallas, Greenville, and Arlington. No deaths were reported from either the Lancaster tornado or any other tornado that day.
According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Lancaster was:
- Black or African American: 68.7%
- White: 20.4% (Non-Hispanic Whites: 12.9%)
- Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 17.0%
- Asian: 0.3%
- Native American: 0.4%
- Two or more races: 2.1%
As of the census of 2000, there were 25,894 people, 9,182 households, and 6,895 families residing in the city. The population density was 884.0 people per square mile (341.3/km²). There were 9,590 housing units at an average density of 327.4 per square mile (126.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 37.63% White, 53.00% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.58% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.59% of the population. As of the 2000 census, Lancaster is the largest African American-majority city in Texas.
There were 9,182 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $43,773, and the median income for a family was $48,498. Males had a median income of $33,406 versus $30,653 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,731. About 6.1% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Lancaster is a home-rule city with a council-manager form of government. Under this type of local government, the day-to-day management of the city is directed by a city manager. The city manager is appointed by the city council and serves as chief administrative officer for the city. Opal Mauldin Robertson is the current city manager of Lancaster.
The seven-member city council consists of the mayor, who represents the city as a whole and is elected at-large, and six members elected in single-member districts. At present, the mayor serves a four-year term, but that will be reduced to three years in 2012 following amendments to the city charter approved in late 2006. City Council members serve three-year terms.
|Position||Name||Current Term||Areas Represented|
|Walter Weaver||2010||2013||Dallas Beechems Subdivision, Downtown District, Eastside Acres, Geneva Gardens, Harvest Hill, The Homestead, Interurban Heights, Lancaster Terrace (part), Lyday, Pecan Hollow Estates, Pleasant Run Heights (part), Quail Hollow Estates, Spring Creek Estates, Sunset Heights, Westridge Acres, Westridge Annex Addition, Westwood.|
|Stanley Jaglowski||2011||2014||Creek Wood Estates, Enchanted Forest, Filgo Forest, Glendover Estates, The Meadowlands, The Meadows Addition, The Meadows, Mill Creek Estates, Moffitt Creek Estates, Pecan Grove, Rolling Hills, Rolling Meadows, Southwood Estates, Ten Mile Creek Estates, Tribute at Mills Branch.|
|Marco Mejia||2010||2013||Bellaire Acres, Clear Springs Addition, Lancaster Hills, Lancaster Park (part), Lancaster Terrace (part), Placid Meadows (part), Pleasant Manor Estates (part), Pleasant Run Heights (part), T.J. Beesley's Subdivision.|
|James Daniels||2011||2014||Ames Meadow, Anderson Farms, Beckley Acres, Beckley City Lots, Boardwalk, Cedardale Highlands, Franklin Farms, J.A. Dewberry Addition, Lancaster Gardens Addition, Meadowview, Pebblebrook (part), Pleasant Run Estates, Spring Valley, Taylor Brothers Addition, Wellington Park North, Wellington Park, Will-Kee Addition, Wintergreen Ridge.|
Mayor Pro Tem
|Clyde Hairston||2010||2013||Ashmoore, Brook Meadows, Clover Meadow Addition, Hearthstone, Indian Canyon, Lancaster Park (part), Lost Creek/Saddlebrook Estates, Meadow Creek Estates, Millbrook, Millbrook East, Monarch, Pebblebrook (part).|
Deputy Mayor Pro Tem(Map)
|Nina L. Morris||2011||2014||Brookhaven Estates, Colonial Estates, Highland South Addition, Lancaster North Estates, Placid Meadows (part), Pleasant Manor Estates (part).|
Lancaster is served mainly by the Lancaster Independent School District and to a lesser extent by the Dallas Independent School District. Lancaster ISD operates nine campuses (one High School, one Middle School, and seven Elementary Schools) with a total enrollment of approximately 6,000 students.
The Dallas ISD portion, which consists of the Cedardale Highlands, Taylor Brothers, and Lancaster Gardens subdivisions, was served by the Wilmer-Hutchins Independent School District before Dallas ISD took over the district (Lancaster ISD was given the first option to take over WHISD but declined). Students living in this area are zoned to Wilmer-Hutchins Elementary School, Kennedy Curry Middle School, and Wilmer-Hutchins High School. After the WHISD closure and before 2011 the WH part was served by Birdie Alexander Elementary School, D. A. Hulcy Middle School, and David W. Carter High School.
There are three private schools in the city - Berne Academy, Cedar Valley Christian Academy, and Victory Christian Academy.
|Glenn Heights||Red Oak||Ferris|
- Lancaster Chamber of Commerce - Our Community Retrieved 4 July 2006.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Lancaster city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lancaster city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
- "Texas woman's execution now set for June." Associated Press at the Houston Chronicle. April 1, 2013. Retrieved on April 1, 2013.
- Lancaster Historical Society - A History of Lancaster Retrieved 17 September 2007.
- The Handbook of Texas Online - Gun Manufacturing During the Civil War Retrieved 17 September 2007.
- The Handbook of Texas Online - CROCKETT, JOHN MCCLANNAHAN Retrieved 17 September 2007.
- Lancaster Historical Society - MKT Depot and Rose Garden Retrieved 17 September 2007.
- National Weather Service - North Central Texas Weather Calendar -April Retrieved 17 September 2007.
- Lancaster Chamber of Commerce - A Bit of Our History Retrieved 17 September 2007.
-  Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- National Civic League - All-America City: Past Winners Retrieved 17 September 2007.
- City of Lancaster - Press Release Retrieved 17 September 2007.
- List of U.S. communities with African American majority populations – Wikipedia.
- Lancaster City Charter - City of Lancaster. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
- Schutze, Jim. "Hope Chest." Dallas Observer. July 21, 2005. 1. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
- "Fall 2011 Wilmer-Hutchins Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
- "Fall 2011 Kennedy-Curry Middle School Attendance Zone Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
- "Fall 2011 Wilmer-Hutchins High School Attendance Zone Grades 9-12." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on July 15, 2011.
- "Fall 2010 Birdie Alexander Elementary Attendance Zone Grades PK-5." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
- "Fall 2010 D. A. Hulcy Middle School Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins — Grades 6-8." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
- "Fall 2010 David W. Carter High School Attendance Zone with Wilmer-Hutchins — Grades 9-12." Dallas Independent School District. Retrieved on September 3, 2011.
- "Contact Us." Life School. Retrieved on September 2, 2011. "950 South I-35E Lancaster, TX 75146"
- City of Lancaster official website
- Lancaster Chamber of Commerce
- Lancaster Historical Society
- Lancaster OktoberFest
- Lancaster Regional Airport
- Commemorative Air Force - DFW Wing
- Cold War Air Museum
- Headlines about Lancaster from The Dallas Morning News