Lancaster Green Ayre railway station

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Lancaster Green Ayre
Skerton Bridge.jpg
Old goods crane on the station site (2005)
Location
Place Lancaster
Area Lancaster, Lancashire
Coordinates 54°03′09″N 2°47′50″W / 54.0526°N 2.7973°W / 54.0526; -2.7973Coordinates: 54°03′09″N 2°47′50″W / 54.0526°N 2.7973°W / 54.0526; -2.7973
Operations
Original company Morecambe Harbour and Railway
Pre-grouping Midland Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
History
12 June 1848 Opened as Lancaster
1 June 1850 Incorrectly listed as Lancaster Green Area
1 November 1870 Listed as Lancaster Green Ayre
3 January 1966 Closed
1976 Demolished
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Lancaster Green Ayre railway station was the Midland Railway's station in the city of Lancaster in England. The line between Green Ayre and Morecambe was used for pioneering experimental electrification via overhead wires.

The station closed to passengers in 1966 and there are no remains.

History[edit]

Lancaster's first two stations were the Lancaster and Preston Junction Railway's at Greaves in 1840,[1] and the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway's Lancaster Castle which superseded it in 1846.[2]

The third station was opened by the Morecambe Harbour and Railway Company (MH&R) on 12 June 1848.[2][3] The station building was designed by Edmund Sharpe.[4][5] Originally called Lancaster,[6] it was soon renamed Lancaster Green Ayre, although timetables incorrectly listed its name as Lancaster Green Area until 1870.[3] The line originally ran from Lancaster to Morecambe Harbour. The MH&R soon amalgamated with the "little" North Western Railway, which continued the line eastward from 17 November 1849, reaching Skipton in 1850.[2] A connecting curve between Green Ayre and Castle opened on 18 December 1849.[2][3]

The station was on the southern bank of the River Lune, adjacent to Skerton Bridge and immediately to the north of the city centre. Immediately west of the station was the junction between the connecting curve to Castle and Green Ayre's engine shed and the main line, which then crossed the river via Greyhound Bridge and continued along the north bank of the river, passing under the Lancaster and Carlisle's Carlisle Bridge over the river. East of Green Ayre the line followed the south bank of the river.

Take-over by the Midland Railway[edit]

Railways around Lancaster and Morecambe in 1913

The "little" North Western Railway was taken over in 1874 by the Midland Railway, which had previously operated, then leased the line,[7] and became a significant route for that company, giving access from its Yorkshire lines to the Lancashire coast in an area dominated by its major rival, the London and North Western Railway.

The Lancaster–Morecambe line was electrified in 1908. This was the first high-voltage overhead electrification in the United Kingdom and was at 6,600 volts AC 25Hz; it was the pioneer for such systems. It was intended to be a test bed for further mainline electrification by the Midland Railway. In 1952 the original rolling stock was life expired and was withdrawn. Steam traction took over for a short while and then the power supply was upgraded to 50Hz and some new stock provided; this was to act as a test-bed for further main-line electrification in the UK.[8] This section of line became particularly busy.

Run down[edit]

The line between Wennington and Morecambe via Green Ayre fell victim to the Beeching Axe. It closed to passengers on 2 January 1966,[2][8][9] although the line through the station continued to be used for freight until 16 March 1976.[2] The station was demolished that year.[10]

The Greyhound Bridge was converted for use by the A589 road from 1972.[10][11] The site of Green Ayre station is now a public park. Nothing remains of the station,[12] but a goods crane from Hornby goods shed has been erected in the park near the site.[10][13] The site of the adjacent locomotive shed is now occupied by a supermarket.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations

Maps showing
Lancaster Green Ayre Station
NPE Maps (1948)
Vision of Britain  
OS 1:2500 Map on MARIO (about 1893)
Other maps

54°03′09″N 2°47′50″W / 54.0526°N 2.7973°W / 54.0526; -2.7973

  1. ^ Vinter, p.127
  2. ^ a b c d e f Bairstow, p.96
  3. ^ a b c Vinter, p.129
  4. ^ Price, p.90
  5. ^ Hartwell and Pevsner, p.386
  6. ^ Dewick, p.24
  7. ^ Awdry, pp.97–98
  8. ^ a b Vinter, p.131
  9. ^ Suggitt, p.16
  10. ^ a b c Vinter, p.132
  11. ^ Suggitt, p.23
  12. ^ Vinter, p.138
  13. ^ Suggitt, p.19

Sources

  • Awdry, C. (1990), Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-049-7.
  • Bairstow, M. (2000), The "Little" North Western Railway, Martin Bairstow, Leeds, ISBN 1-871944-21-X.
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Dewick, T. (2002), Complete Atlas of Railway Station Names, Ian Allen Publishing, Hersham, ISBN 0-7110-2798-6.
  • Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969]. The Buildings of England. Lancashire: North. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9. 
  • Price, James (1998). Sharpe, Paley and Austin: A Lancaster Architectural Practice 1836–1942. Lancaster: Centre for North-West Regional Studies. ISBN 1-86220-054-8. 
  • Suggitt, G. (2004 reprint), Lost Railways of Lancashire, Countryside Books, Newbury, ISBN 1-85306-801-2.
  • Vinter, J. (1990), Railway Walks: LMS, Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd, Stroud, ISBN 0-86299-735-6
Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Halton   Midland Railway
"Little" North Western Railway
  Morecambe (Northumberland Street)
until 1907
  Midland Railway
North Western Branch
  Morecambe Promenade
1907–1957
  London Midland Region
North Western Branch
  Scale Hall
from 1957
Halton   Midland Railway
"Little" North Western Railway
Castle Branch
  Lancaster Castle