Lancia Dedra

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Lancia Dedra
Lancia Dedra from La Spezia.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Lancia
Production 1989–2000
418,084 built[1]
Assembly Chivasso, Italy
Rivalta, Italy[1]
Designer Ercole Spada[2] at I.DE.A Institute[3]
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door station wagon
Layout FF layout / AWD
Platform Fiat Type Three (Tipo Tre) platform[4]
Related Lancia Delta
Fiat Tempra
Alfa Romeo 155
Fiat Tipo
Powertrain
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic[3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 4,340 mm (170.9 in)[5]
4343 mm (SW)[6]
Width 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Height 1,430 mm (56.3 in)[5]
1,446 mm (56.9 in) (SW)[6]
Curb weight 1,060 kg (2,337 lb)-1,330 kg (2,932 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Lancia Prisma
Successor Lancia Lybra

The Lancia Dedra (Type 835) is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automaker Lancia from 1989 to 2000. It was initially designed to support, and later to replace, the Prisma that, six years after its launch, was having difficulties to keep in pace with its latest opponents. It can be considered as the saloon version of the second generation Delta, that was launched four years later, in 1993.

The task of the Dedra was demanding: it must gather the legacy of Prisma, which relaunched the Lancia brand in the field of compact executive cars, and expand its market share if possible. Larger than its predecessor, the Dedra was presented as the second flagship car of Lancia, as a car that could satisfy those looking for an elegant medium sized sedan but did not want to buy an executive car, as the Thema.

The design, by Ercole Spada of the I.DE.A Institute, produced an excellent drag coefficient of only 0.29. The core of the product was prestige, exclusivity, personality and comfort, achieved through a high level of equipment and use of materials (e.g. Alcantara) as well as details such as special paints, alloy wheels and an attention to soundproofing, ventilation and other issues. Inside the ability to obtain the perfect driving position was helped by the adjustable seats, steering wheel and electrically adjustable mirrors. Safety, both passive with a structure designed to minimize injury in an accident, and active, such as ABS and airbag, was also near the top of the Dedra's agenda.

It was based on the Fiat Tipo-floorpan, because the idea of Fiat Group at the end of the 80s was to achieve, from a single floorpan (for reasons of economies of scale), four different cars from the same base: good value for money for the Fiat Tipo (1988), elegance for Lancia Dedra 1989, convenience at a competitive price for the Fiat Tempra (1990) (with its large boot) and sportsmanship for the Alfa Romeo 155 (1992). Also were designed on the same floorpan the Lancia Delta and the Fiat Coupe.

In 1991 was launched the Dedra Integrale. It used the same engine and transmission that the Delta Integrale 8v. The Delta Integrale 8v engine is one of the world's most competition proven power units, a 2-litre 4-cylinder fuel injected twin cam engine, fitted with contra-rotating balancing shafts, and a Garrett T3 turbocharger and associated inter-cooler to aid volumetric efficiency that boost power output to 171 PS (127 kW) in catalyzed version. The Dedra Integrale also uses the same permanent 4-wheel drive of the Delta Integrale, and includes the new Visco Drive 2000 traction control system. Also includes the electronically controlled suspension available as option in the 2.0 and upper versions.

When the Dedra was launched, it was a good time for Lancia: The Thema had been facelifted a year earlier, and despite being on the market for five years was selling well, the Delta (1979), thanks its continued success in competition was living a second youth, and the Y10 had a slight restyling and good sales. However, the Dedra was not a strong success outside Italy. A major facelift in 1993 did little to boost the car's sales success and the whole Lancia range including the Dedra was withdrawn from RHD markets a year later. The car, after 1993 also sold as a station wagon, remained popular on the Italian market until it was replaced by the all-new Lybra at the end of the 90s.

A total of 418,084 Dedras were manufactured during its commercial life.

History[edit]

  • April 89: Official launch (1.6 L, 1.8 L, 2.0 L and 1.9 L tds versions).
  • May 91: Launch of Integrale and 2.0 L turbocharger versions.
  • May 92: Launch of automatic version.
  • October 92: First facelift.
  • January 93: Enhancement of security equipment.
  • July 94: Launch of second version, with new engines, station wagon version and other minor enhancements.
  • January 95: Included antitheft device.
  • November 95: Second facelift.
  • February 96: 2.0 L engine was replaced by 1.8 L 16 V.
  • January 97: New 2.0 L 16 V Integrale version.
  • May 97: New interiors.
  • July 97: New 1.8 L 113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp) engine.
  • December 97: Launch of third version, with new engines, new frontal, new door and other minor enhancements.
  • January 00: End of production.

Engines[edit]

Engine Model Power Torque Displacement Engine Weight Top speed Years
Fiat SOHC 1.6 i.e. (Single Point Injection) 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) 124 N·m (91 lb·ft) 1581 cc straight-4 1,108 kg (2,443 lb) 170 km/h (110 mph) 1989–1992
Fiat SOHC 1.6 i.e. (SPI) 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) 1581 cc straight-4 1,100 kg (2,425 lb) 167 km/h (104 mph) 1992–1994
Fiat SOHC 1.6 (Single Point Injection) 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) 1581 cc straight-4 1,140 kg (2,513 lb) 180 km/h (110 mph) 1994–1997
Fiat Twin Cam 1.6 16V (MPI) 103 PS (76 kW; 102 hp) 144 N·m (106 lb·ft) 1581cc straight-4 1,175 kg (2,590 lb) 188 km/h (117 mph) 1998–1999
Fiat Lampredi 1.8 i.e. (MPI) 107 PS (79 kW; 106 hp) 140 N·m (100 lb·ft) 1756 cc straight-4 1,200 kg (2,646 lb) 187 km/h (116 mph) 1989–1993
Fiat Lampredi 1.8 i.e. (MPI) 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 133 N·m (98 lb·ft) 1756 cc straight-4 1,200 kg (2,646 lb) 180 km/h (110 mph) 1993–1994
Fiat Lampredi 1.8 (MPI) 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) 142 N·m (105 lb·ft) 1756 cc straight-4 1,200 kg (2,646 lb) 185 km/h (115 mph) 1994–1996
Fiat Twin Cam 1.8 16V (MPI) 113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp) 154 N·m (114 lb·ft) 1747 cc straight-4 1,235 kg (2,723 lb) 191 km/h (119 mph) 1996–1998
Fiat Twin Cam 1.8 16V (MPI) 131 PS (96 kW; 129 hp) 164 N·m (121 lb·ft) 1747 cc straight-4 1,255 kg (2,767 lb) 203 km/h (126 mph) 1996–1998
Fiat Twin Cam 1.8 16V (MPI) 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) 164 N·m (121 lb·ft) 1747 cc straight-4 1,255 kg (2,767 lb) 203 km/h (126 mph) 1998–1999
Fiat Lampredi 2.0 i.e. (MPI) 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp) 156 N·m (115 lb·ft) 1995 cc straight-4 1,180 kg (2,601 lb) 195 km/h (121 mph) 1989–1994
Fiat Lampredi 2.0 automatic (MPI) 113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp) 156 N·m (115 lb·ft) 1995 cc straight-4 1,210 kg (2,668 lb) 185 km/h (115 mph) 1993–1996
Fiat Twin Cam 2.0 16V (MPI) 139 PS (102 kW; 137 hp) 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) 1995 cc straight-4 1,260 kg (2,778 lb) 210 km/h (130 mph) 1994–1996
Fiat Twin Cam 2.0 16V integrale (MPI) 139 PS (102 kW; 137 hp) 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) 1995 cc straight-4 1,395 kg (3,075 lb) 195 km/h (121 mph) 1994–1997
? 2.0 turbo i.e. (MPI) 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp) 274 N·m (202 lb·ft) 1995 cc straight-4 1,245 kg (2,745 lb) 215 km/h (134 mph) 1991–1994
Lancia (Delta) Lampredi 2.0 Turbo i.e. 8v integrale (MPI) 177 PS (130 kW; 175 hp) 279 N·m (206 lb·ft) 1995 cc straight-4 1,345 kg (2,965 lb) 215 km/h (134 mph) 1991–1994
? 1.9 turbo ds 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) 186 N·m (137 lb·ft) 1929 cc straight-4 1,200 kg (2,646 lb) 180 km/h (110 mph) 1989–1993
? 1.9 tds 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) 186 N·m (137 lb·ft) 1929 cc straight-4 1,240 kg (2,734 lb) 180 km/h (110 mph) 1993–1999

Performance[edit]

Petrol[edit]

Model Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s) Top speed
1.6 13,4 (SW: 13,3) 180 km/h (112 mph) (SW: 175 km/h (109 mph) )
1.8 12,5 (SW: 12,7) 185 km/h (115 mph) (SW: 180 km/h (112 mph) )
1.8 16v 10,3 (SW: 10,6) 191 km/h (119 mph) (SW: 186 km/h (116 mph) )
1.8 16v VVT 10,0 (SW: 10,0) 203 km/h (126 mph) (SW: 198 km/h (123 mph) )
2.0 8v Turbo Integrale 6,9 (SW:/) 215 km/h (134 mph) (SW: / )
2.0 16v 9,4 (SW: 10,3) 210 km/h (130 mph) (SW: 210 km/h (130 mph) )
2.0 16 v automatic 12,9 185 km/h (115 mph)

Diesel[edit]

Model Acceleration 0–100 km/h (s) Top speed
1.9 Turbo DS 12,9 (SW: 13,3) 180 km/h (112 mph) (SW: 180 km/h (112 mph))

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Produktionszahlen marke Lancia bis 2004" (PDF). lancia-historie.de. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  2. ^ Chris Koopmann. "Ercole Spada". zagato-cars.com. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Lancia Dedra". carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  4. ^ "Curiosidades Tipo". Fiat Tipo Portugal. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "1990 Lancia Dedra 1.6i". carfolio.com/specifications. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  6. ^ a b "Lancia Dedra 1.6 16v Station Wagon". carfolio.com. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 

External links[edit]