Lancia Fulvia

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Lancia Fulvia
Lancia Motor Club AGM July 2010 Thame OxfordIMG 2591 - Flickr - tonylanciabeta.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Lancia
Production 1963–1976
Designer Piero Castagnero at Centro Stile Lancia (Berlina and Coupé)
Ercole Spada at Zagato (Sport)[1]
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 4-door saloon (berlina)
2-door coupé
Platform FF layout
Powertrain
Engine 1091 cc Lancia V4
1216 cc Lancia V4
1199 cc Lancia V4
1231 cc Lancia V4
1298 cc Lancia V4
1584 cc Lancia V4
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,480 mm (97.6 in) (berlina)
2,330 mm (91.7 in) (coupé, sport)
Length 4,110 mm (161.8 in) (berlina)
3,975 mm (156.5 in) (coupé)
4,090 mm (161.0 in) (sport)
Width 1,555 mm (61.2 in) (berlina, coupé)
1,570 mm (61.8 in) (sport)
Height 1,400 mm (55.1 in) (berlina)
1,300 mm (51.2 in) (coupé)
1,200 mm (47.2 in) (sport)
Chronology
Predecessor Lancia Appia
Successor Lancia Beta
Lancia Fulvia Coupé I 1967
Series 2 Fulvia Coupé 1.3 S
Lancia Fulvia Sport 1.3 Zagato - 1967

The Lancia Fulvia (Tipo 818) is an Italian car introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in 1963 by Lancia and produced until 1976. Fulvias are notable for their role in automobile racing history, including winning the International Rally Championship in 1972.[2] On testing it in 1967, Road & Track summed up the Fulvia as "a precision motorcar, an engineering tour de force".[3] Named after Fulvia Flacca Bambula, an aristocratic Roman woman and wife of Mark Antony.

The Fulvia was available in three variants:- 'Berlina' (4 door saloon) 'Coupé' and 'Sport' (an alternative fastback coupé designed and built by Zagato on the Coupé floorpan). When leaving the factory all but a few of the Coupés originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 165HR14 tyres (CA67).

Chassis[edit]

The Fulvia Berlina was designed by Antonio Fessia, to replace the Lancia Appia with which it shared almost no components. The Appia was a rear wheel drive car, however, while the Fulvia moved to front wheel drive like the Flavia. The general engineering design of the Fulvia was identical to that of the Flavia with the major exception of the engine, the Flavia having a four cylinder horizontally opposed engine and the Fulvia a 'Narrow Angle' vee configuration as featured on most production Lancias from the Lambda. The Fulvia used a longitudinal engine mounted in front of its transaxle. An independent suspension in front used wishbones and a single leaf spring, while a beam axle with a panhard rod and leaf springs was used in back. Four wheel Dunlop disc brakes were fitted to first series Fulvias. With the introduction of the second series in 1970 the brakes were uprated with larger Girling calipers all round and a brake servo. The handbrake design was also changed - using separate drums and brake-shoes operating on the rear wheels.

Engine[edit]

One element that was new was the narrow-angle V4 engine. Designed by Zaccone Mina, it used a narrow angle (12°53'28") and was mounted well forward at a 45° angle. The engine is a DOHC design with a one camshaft operating all intake valves and another operating all exhaust valves. The very narrow angle of the cylinders allowed for use of a single cylinder head.

Displacement began at just 1091 cc with 58 bhp (44 kW) with a 72 mm bore and 67 mm stroke. A higher (9.0:1) compression ratio and the fitment of twin Solex carburettors raised power to 71 bhp (53 kW) soon after.

The engine was bored to 6 mm to enlarge displacement to 1216 cc for the HF model. This, and some tuning, raised output to 80 to 88 bhp (60 to 66 kW).

The engine was re-engineered with a slightly narrower bank angle (12°45'28") and longer (69.7 mm) stroke for 1967. Three displacements were produced: 1199 cc (74 mm bore), 1231 cc (75 mm bore), and 1298 cc (77 mm bore). The new 1298 cc engine was produced in two versions; the type 818.302 produced 87 bhp (65 kW) at 6000 rpm and was fitted to 1st series Coupés, Sports and Berlina GTE and later to the 2nd Series Berlina. The Type 818.303 was first produced with 92 hp (69 kW) and was fitted to the 1st series Coupé Rallye S and Sport S. For the 2nd Series Coupé and Sport power was slightly reduced to 90 hp (67 kW) at 6000 rpm. The 1199 cc engine was only fitted to the Berlina sold in Greece.

The engine was completely reworked for the new 1.6 HF with an even-narrower angle (11°20' now) and longer 75 mm stroke combined with a bore of 82 mm gave it a displacement of 1584 cc, and power ranged from 115 to 132 bhp (85 to 98 kW) depending on tune.

Models[edit]

Berlina[edit]

  • Berlina - Tipo 818.000/001. A compact four-door saloon introduced in 1963 with 1098 cc engine producing 58 bhp (43 kW) at 5800 rpm.
  • Berlina 2C - Tipo 818.100/101. An updated Berlina launched late 1963 with 71 bhp (53 kW) engine fitted with twin Solex carburettors. The body-shell also had revised front subframe mountings.
  • Berlina GT - Tipo 818.200/201/210/211. Introduced in 1967 with the 1216 cc or 1231 cc engine producing 80 bhp (60 kW) at 6000 rpm and 1199 cc 79 bhp (59 kW) for Greece.
  • Berlina GTE - Tipo 818.310/311. Introduced in 1968 with a new 1298 cc (818.302) engine with 87 bhp (65 kW) at 6000 rpm. In addition the brakes were uprated with a brake servo.
  • Berlina S2 - Tipo 818.610/611. Series 2 introduced for 1969 with the 1298 cc (and 1199 cc engine for Greece) and restyled body with a longer wheelbase.
  • Berlina S2 - Tipo 818.612/613. Berlina Series 2 update introduced 1970 with the 1298 cc (818.302) engine and 5-speed gearbox. Larger Girling calipers and pads replaced the Dunlop system fitted to 1st series cars.

The Fulvia saloon was updated for 1969 with a 20 mm (0.8 in) longer wheelbase, new styling, and an updated interior.

Coupé[edit]

1970 Lancia Fulvia Rallye HF Fanalone.
  • Coupé - Tipo 818.130/131. A compact two-door introduced in 1965, designed in-house by Piero Castagnero. The coupé uses a 150 mm (5.9 in) shorter wheelbase along with the larger (1216 cc) or 1231 cc (818.100) engine producing 80 bhp (60 kW) at 6000 rpm.
  • Coupé HF - Tipo 818.140. Competition version of the coupé introduced later in 1965, fitted with a tuned version of the 1216 cc engine producing 88 bhp (66 kW) at 6000 rpm, and fitted with aluminium bonnet, doors and bootlid together with plexiglass side and rear windows.
  • Rallye 1.3 HF - Tipo 818.340/341. An updated HF with a new 1298 cc engine with 101 bhp (75 kW) at 6400 rpm..
  • Rallye 1.3 - Tipo 818.330/331. An updated coupé with the 1298 cc (818.302) engine with 87 hp (65 kW) at 6000 rpm.
  • Rallye 1.3S - Tipo 818.360/361. An updated Rallye 1.3 with a new 1298 cc (818.303) engine producing 92 hp (69 kW) at 6000 rpm.
  • Rallye 1.6 HF - Tipo 818.540/541. The evolution of Rallye 1.3 HF with a 1584 cc engine producing 115 hp (86 kW) at 6000 rpm. Other changes included negative camber front suspension geometry, with light alloy 13 inch 6J wheels; and a close ratio 5 speed gearbox and wheel arch extensions.
  • Rallye 1.6 HF Variante 1016 - Tipo 818.540. Also known as Fanalone - The most-powerful Fulvia with a 1584 cc engine producing up to 132 hp (98 kW) depending on tune. This was the version used by the works rally team until 1974, when it was superseded in competition by the Stratos HF. 45mm bore Solex carburettors were used that were later replaced by 45DCOE Webers. The cam cover had special blue stripe over yellow paintjob (HF cars had just yellow paintjob). Some sources indicate the easiest way to distinguish this version is by 2 triangular holes between headlamps and grille.[4]
  • Coupé 1.3s - 2nd Series - Tipo 818.630/631. Face-lifted body and new 5 speed gearbox with 1298 cc (818.303) engine producing 90 hp (67 kW) at 6000 rpm. Larger Girling calipers and pads replaced the Dunlop system fitted to 1st series cars.
  • Coupé 1600 HF - 2nd Series - Tipo 818.640/641. Face-lifted all steel body with 1584 cc engine with Solex C42DDHF carb producing 115 hp (86 kW) at 6000 rpm. The bodywork was changed from the standard 1.3 Coupé to incorporate 'flared' wheel arches (replacing the extensions used on 1st series HFs). 'Lusso' versions (Tipo 818.740/741) had extra trim and were fitted with bumpers and radio, and were mostly produced for export.
  • Coupé 1.3s Montecarlo - Tipo 818.630/631. Replica of 1972 Montecarlo Rally works car livery with 1298 cc (818.303) producing 90 hp (67 kW) at 6000 rpm. This version used his own bodyshell with flared wheelarches similar but different to the 1600HF bodyshell, 'Lusso' interior fittings (bucket seats etc.), fitted with front fog lamps and no bumpers; but were fitted with the standard 4.5J steel wheels of the standard 1.3 Coupé.
  • Fulvia 3 - Tipo 818.630/631. Updated Coupé introduced 1974 with a new design of seats incorporating headrests and new white faced instrument dials with an updated range of trim colours, materials and options. Mechanically the same as the earlier 1.3s S2 Coupés except for the addition of emission control on the solex carburettors.
  • Fulvia 3 Safari - Tipo 818.630/631. A limited edition of the standard Coupé without bumpers, special trim, exterior badges on the bonnet and on the bootlid and also special numbered plaque on the dashboard.[5]

The Fulvia Coupé were updated in mechanics and styling in 1970.

(See also: Lancia Fulvia Dunja.)

Sport[edit]

  • Sport - Tipo 818.132/133. a 2-seat Zagato rebody of Coupé with aluminium bodyshell and 1216 cc engine.
  • Sport 1.3 - Tipo 818.332/333. An updated Sport with 1298 cc (818.302) engine producing 87 hp (65 kW) at 6000 rpm. Early versions still have all aluminium bodyshells (700 were produced with both 1216 cc & 1298 cc engines), but later ones were fitted with steel bodyshells with an aluminium bonnet and doors.
  • Sport 1.3s - Tipo 818.362/363. An updated Sport 1.3 with 1298 cc (818.303) engine producing 92 hp (69 kW) at 6000 rpm. These Sports were normally fitted with brake servos.
  • Sport 1.3s 2nd series - Tipo 818.650/651. An updated Sport 1.3 with 5 speed gearbox. Very early versions of these Series 2 cars were fitted with Series 1 'type' bodyshells with a separate spare wheel-hatch and smaller rear lights and aluminium bonnet and doors. Later versions have all steel bodyshells and no spare wheel hatch, and larger rear lights.
  • Sport 1600 - Tipo 818.750/751. An updated Sport with 1584 cc engine producing 115 hp (86 kW). This version had electric front windows and was the fastest production Fulvia produced, with a top speed of 118 mph (190 km/h).

The Fulvia Sport was updated in mechanics and styling in 1970.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  2. ^ Lancia Fulvia Coupé HF (1965) retrieved from www.autozine.org on 19 January 2011
  3. ^ Road & Track, September 1967, page 66
  4. ^ "Lancia Fulvias - Road versus Rally". classicandperformancecar.com. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  5. ^ "Lancia Fulvia Safari 1300". tonyerker.info. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 

External links[edit]