Lancia 3Ro

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Lancia Ro
Type Heavy Truck (military)
Place of origin  ITA
Service history
Used by Italy, Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designed 1932
Manufacturer Lancia
Produced 1933–1938
Number built 1701 petrol, 3056 diesel
Specifications
Weight 5,140 kg
Length 7,084 mm
Width 2,300 mm
Height 3,000 mm
Crew 1

Engine xx CV petrol, 64 CV diesel
Transmission 4 forward 1 reverse
Speed 32 km/h diesel

Lancia Ro[edit]

The Lancia Ro (or 264) was the first of a family of Lancia 4x2 heavy truck, starting in 1933. The Ro was built with two versions, a three cylinder gasoline (BM) engine or a two cylinder diesel (Nm) engine. The Ro was particularly robust truck, considered reliable, requiring little maintenance, and easy to drive. It was the first Italian truck to receive a 4 speed transmission. From 1934 to 1938 the Royal Italian Army acquired 4,757 Lancia Ro's which were equipped with pneumatic tires where it was used to transport artillery and light tanks.

The Royal Italian Army deployed the Lancia Ro for the first time in North Africa in 1935–1936. The 228 Ro's sent there gave full satisfaction to the Italian Army. Ro's traveled over roads and tracks in all temperatures; and did not encounter difficulty in the mountain routes where grades can reach 25%. In Spain Ro's still proved reliable on roads, but its capacities over ground were very limited.

The Lancia Ro was used by Royal Italian Army and Wehrmacht in World War II in all theaters of the war.

Lancia 3Ro[edit]

Lancia 3 Ro
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-105-13A, Ungarn, deutscher Rückzug.jpg
A Lancia 3 Ro (centre) in German service during the German retreat from Hungary in 1945
Type Heavy Truck (military)
Place of origin  ITA
Service history
Used by Italy, Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Designed 1938
Manufacturer Lancia
Produced 1938–1950
Number built 9490 diesel (WWII)
Specifications
Weight 5,610 kg
Length 7,084 mm
Width 2,350 mm
Height 3,000 mm
Crew 1

Engine 5 cylinder diesel of 6875 cm3
93 ch to 1860 t/mn CH
Transmission 4 forward 1 reverse
Speed 45 km/h diesel

The Lancia 3 RO NM, 6.5-ton 4x2 heavy truck ("Nafta Militare" = Diesel Military) was manufactured by Lancia from 1938 to 1950 and used by the Royal Italian Army and Wehrmacht in WWII. The 3 Ro evolved from the earlier Lancia RO in 1938 by receiving a stronger five cylinder engine to replace the weaker two and three cylinder engine, pneumatic tires and an improved transmission. The Lancia 3 Ro’s design was simple, functional and was considered the most reliable heavy truck of the Royal Italian Army in World War II serving in all theaters of the war. Some 9,490 Lancia 3 Ro’s were built over the course of the war and came in many variants; troop transport, supply transport, 5000 liter fuel tanker, 4,000 liter water tanker, mobile repair workshops, anti-aircraft, and self-propelled guns.

In North Africa and Sicily with the top of the cab cut away and lower sideboards the Lancia 3 Ro became well suited for desert warfare serving as a self-propelled gun porting the Cannone da 90/53 as well as the 100/17 howitzer. German armed forces always in need of supplies and material made use of any Ro's and 3 Ro's as well as any another equipment, Italian or otherwise, that came into their possession.

After the Italian armistice of September 8, 1943, the Wehrmacht absorbed commandeered Ro and 3 Ro trucks from their former ally. In April 1944 with the Lancia factory in German controlled Italy, German armed forces placed an order for 772 3 Ro's built between January 1944 and February 1945. After WWII the 3 Ro was produced until 1950 and remained in service with the Italian Army with the last 3 Ro truck being retired in 1964.

3 Ro War Production Figures[edit]

Year Number
1939 657
1940 2,646
1941 3,162
1942 1,643
1943 1,205
1944 51
1945 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruote in divisa: un secolo di veicoli militari, Brizio Pignacca, Giorgio Nada Editore, 1st Edition, Vimodrone (Milan), 2003 ISBN 88-7911-283-X lccn.loc.gov/2003361187
  • Camion Lancia, Massimo Condolo, Fondazione Negri 1st Edition, 2001, LCN Call Number[TL230.5.L33 C66] lccn.loc.gov/2002322840
  • Storia illustrata del Camion Italiano, Edizione Neri, Fondazione Neri, ISBN 978-88-900955-8-0
  • Gli autoveicoli da combattimento dell’esercito italiano, N. Pignato & F.Cappellano, USSME, 1st Edition Rome, 2002. 2 volumes ISBN 88-87940-28-2 (v. 1) 8887940290 (v. 2)[1]
  • La meccanizzazione dell'esercito fino Al 1943, L. Ceva & A. Curami USSME
  • Gli autoveicoli del Regio Esercito nella seconda guerra mondiale, N. Pignato, Storia Militare ISBN 88-87372-04-7
  • Italian Truck Mounted Artillery: In Action, Ralph Riccio and Nicola Pignato, Squadron/Signal Publications (In Action Series #2440), ISBN 978-0-89747-601-0

External links[edit]