||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (September 2013)|
|Body and chassis|
The Lancia Ypsilon is a luxury supermini produced by Italian automaker Lancia since 1996. It is the replacement of the Y10, although it is larger and more expensive. Between 1995 and 2005 Lancia produced, in the Melfi (Potenza) factory, more than 870,000 Ypsilons.
The third generation Ypsilon is sold as the Chrysler Ypsilon in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Japan.
- 1 First generation (1996–2003)
- 2 Second generation (2003–2011)
- 3 Third generation (2011–present)
- 4 References
- 5 External links
First generation (1996–2003)
|Lancia Y (840)|
|Also called||Lancia Ypsilon|
|Designer||Enrico Fumia (Centro Stile Lancia)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||1.1 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Pratola Serra I4 (petrol)
|Wheelbase||2,380 mm (93.7 in)|
|Length||3,723 mm (146.6 in) (1996–2000)
3,740 mm (147.2 in) (2000–2003)
|Width||1,690 mm (66.5 in)|
|Height||1,435 mm (56.5 in)|
The Lancia Ypsilon (Type 840) was designed by Enrico Fumia and developed over 24 months at a cost of around 400 billion Italian lira. It was presented in Rome in January 1996. where the arches are repeated on all sides of the car (both front and in the queue, ditto on the sides). The length is 3.72 m, 33 cm more than the Y10. Lancia Y was built on the platform of the Fiat Punto series 176 (the same platform as the Palio and Barchetta) with a redesigned rear suspension set-up to make it more comfortable.
The model features: 5 seats, a soft to touch plastic dashboard and a range of accessories and options, including non-standard colours with 100 different shades. The central dashboard panel was adopted[clarification needed] by the Musa and Ypsilon in 2003.
Initially, the range was recognized by the initials: LE, LS and LX. A special edition Cosmopolitan edition was later added to the line-up. It was created through collaboration with the magazine and based on the Y and LX models for sale in the European market (Italy excluded).
Air conditioning was fitted as standard on the LX and was an option on the LS, which also offered more dashboard features (including a tachometer and larger display with outside temperature indicator).
The engines, part of the Fire series already used first in the Y10 in displacements of between 1,100 and 1,200 cc with 8-valves. The 1.4 "Pratola Serra" 12-valve 80 PS adopted at that time also by the Fiat Bravo/Brava. Given the limited success of this engine, after a short period of time (1 year or so) it was replaced by the first evolution of the multivalve with 1242 cc and multipoint injection, with 86 PS at 6000 rpm and max torque of 113 Nm at 4500 rpm. This engine which debuted on this model is still among the best engines of this displacement, power and performance and is still available on the 2013 Ypsilon, 2013 Ka and the 500. With a unique control system of distribution: a toothed belt drives the camshaft of the exhaust valves, and from these, camshaft gear drives the intake valves. In particular in the Red Elephant version (symbol of the historic sports cars Lancia HF), which is the sister car to the Punto Sporting, the end result was a shorter ratio gearbox, lowered suspension with bigger anti-roll bars and more direct power steering, it reached 177 km/h top speed and was the only car in the range to have 15 "wheels with 195/50 tires standard. For those who desired a more discreet and comfortable car the LX and LS were also available with this engine and were able to reach the same top speed as the "Pratola Serra" versions. The 1.2 8V was also available with an ECVT transmission.
The Italian magazine Quattroruote to the car beyond its usual city use while test driving the "Ypsilon 16V LX", among other things, praised the excellent, given the capacity, reserves of power from the engine in highway driving whilst having the same level of comfort of a car worthy of a higher category, making it a versatile car that is suitable for all types of trails. Lancia Ypsilon was also featured in Gran Turismo 2. The model was an immediate success both in the first two months were sold over 42,000 cars
In October 2000 the exterior and interior were restyled. The external changes include a new grille larger than the former, new bumpers, new taillights, new wheel cover designs, new fog lights, also the side mouldings of the car becomes much smoother and body coloured. Inside, the most significant change is the headrests (instead of drilled solids) and new seats, new steering wheel (similar to that of the Lancia Lybra), the material was no longer available with "soft touch" in contrast to the first series, as well as the loss of reflective security on doors and the climate control button replaced with a lever and a slight redesign of the instrument panel, more readable and modern, especially in the use of the LED display. The length of the car increased slightly from 3.72 metres to 3.74 metres.
The LX and Red Elephant versions which cost €15.060 list,[clarification needed] as in previous series were laden with standard equipment including driver and passenger airbags, air conditioning, ABS, power steering, Blaupunkt radio/navigation system with 6 speakers, split rear seat with headrests, the Alcantara interior similar to the pre-facelift but cheap and less refined, display for outdoor temperature, electrically operated door mirrors painted in body colour, the helm station and instrument panel were red instead of green like the other versions, central locking with remote control, power windows, the seat and the steering wheel were adjustable, leather interior with red stitching on the Red Elephant, fog lamps and alloy wheels with 185/60 R 14 tires for the LX and 195/50 R15 for the Red Elephant.
In the following years were marketed by the names of other special versions DoDo, Vanity and Unica. 16v versions reduce their output of 6 PS (4 kW) due to new Euro 3 pollution standards by reducing emissions with a more linear delivery, while maintaining, and sometimes even increasing, consumption.
Lancia also reduced the engines power from 60 PS on the 1242 cc, due to the addition of the sequential multipoint fuel injection system, but loses its power and drive of the same engine configuration and power Singlepoint Euro 2, because of reductions of CO2 that have to fall in Euro 3 limits of the directive.
It also removed from the price of the 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) engine 1108, as it had not yet been adapted to the new Euro 3 directive. So the remaining versions to list only the 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) 1.2 8v and 1.2 16v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp).
In September 2003, after nearly eight years of career and just over 800,000 products, debuted its successor, the Lancia Ypsilon, since replaced by 'the following year.
No RHD variant was produced, as Lancia had just ditched sales operations in RHD markets.
- 1.1 8v 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp)
- 1.2 8v 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp)
- 1.2 16v 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp)
- 1.2 16v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) — facelift
- 1.4 12v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp)
- Adult occupant =
- Pedestrian =
Second generation (2003–2011)
|Lancia Ypsilon (843)|
|Assembly||Termini Imerese, Italy
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire EcoChic I4 (LPG)
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,388 mm (94.0 in)|
|Length||3,778 mm (148.7 in) (2003–2006)
3,810 mm (150.0 in) (2006–2011)
|Width||1,704 mm (67.1 in)|
|Height||1,530 mm (60.2 in)|
Introduced in 2003 the Ypsilon (Type 843) us the car to access the Lancia range, has been designed to meet the needs of the young audience, and over time has found numerous acclaim especially by the female audience. Today it is the best-selling car of the Lancia range with an annual production of about 60,000 copies. Initially assembled at the Fiat plant in Melfi in the province of Potenza, however since June 2005 production was moved to Sicily at the plant in Termini Imerese Palermo. The car uses a three-door body length of about 3.78 meters and features a stylish design loosely based on the historic Lancia Ardea, this style has opened a new family feeling which was taken from the house with the models of Chivasso Musa and Delta launched in 2004 and 2008.
The front is characterized by a large chrome grille to mark incorporated duo with lobes at the top, the lighting is placed at the ends of the front arch, bumpers are characterized by the presence of a coating applied to the fascia is not above the air intakes quai are in the fog lights (in versions of the tip). Predominates along the side rib that gives a slight boost to the car, the glazing frames are chrome plated versions of the tip. The tail has vertical headlamps that culminate in the bumper and integrated into the fenders. The rear tailgate has a small size that limits fisibilità but is embellished by chromed fascia in this area above the number plate.
As a base frame using a shortened version of the famous B platform debut with the Fiat Punto (188) and also adopted by the Fiat Idea and Lancia Musa. The mechanism relies on the engine placed in front-mounted transverse with its front wheel drive, suspension shall take the pattern for the front-wheel independent MacPherson strut with stabilizer bar, the arms are made of steel, the rear wheels are connected by a torsion bar stabilizer as. The brake system uses ventilated front discs and rear drums are available classics, only for the home versions Sport MomoDesign has provided the four-disc brakes with stiffened suspension and trim. For all versions of the series is the anti-wheel drive lock (ABS) with Brake Distribution (EBD) and electric power steering system that hardens gradually, but among the options are also disponiibli electronic stability control and traction combined all'Hill Holder.
The interior is made with care, covered with plastic inserts on door panels and instrument panel Airtex fabric, leather or Alcantara depending on the version and there are some two-tone upholstery and plastic inserts that mimic the aluminum. The upholstery is available in four different materials: glamorous, Airtex, suede, leather. One of the characteristics that differentiate them from the build quality is the main point, because the interior is characterized by plastic assembled with precision. The instrumentation has a very classic design but does not facilitate the reading, the design of the dashboard shows the central control panel that has allowed the construction of large storage space in front of the driver and passenger. The air conditioning and radio controls were located in the central area, including the optional navigation system is available in color.
In autumn 2006 the Ypsilon, suffered a slight touch-line with the engines, and internal versions. Outside are well visible the new front grille, bumpers more rounded with enlarged air intakes and the rear light clusters with chrome-effect ice in the bumper. There are five versions are distinguished: Silver, Passion, White Gold, Yellow Gold and Platinum. Inside you find new fabrics for the seats and new combinations of colors, finishes on the bridge are painted silver or dark gray. The car has a new 1.3 Multijet 16v engines 75, 90 and 105 horses, then appears the availability of the Blue&Me hands-free (Bluetooth with USB port), new colors, new wheels and new color combinations.
The new Ypsilon can be equipped with pay-Electronic Stability Control and Hill Holder, a 0.93 g of grip, even if the rolling is accentuated by the soft suspension calibration. The shift lever is in a raised position and the split rear bench seat and sliding. The 2008 range introduces a DPF particulate filter as standard on all diesel engines except the 105 horsepower 1.3 Multijet diesel with automatic transmission DFN (Dolce Far Niente).
In 2010, the exterior mirrors were increased in size and new darkened headlamps were introduced. In 2011 Lancia introduced the final version called Ypsilon Unyca.
The production of the second generation Lancia Ypsilon ended on 23 November 2011 because Fiat Group closed Termini Imerese factory where the Ypsilon was assembled. The third generation of Lancia Ypsilon is produced at Tychy plant in Poland.
The Ypsilon was produced in two body colors version (called B-colore), which recalls the Lancia tradition of the past. The best-selling Ypsilon were the Passion, the Momo Design and recently Sport Momo Design characterized by the double body-color, distinct from the top (roof, side mirrors and rear hatch) and the rest of the fairing, as well as some details (alloy wheels, interior) of most sporty impression. It derives directly from a concept called Ypsilon Sport, presented at the Geneva Motor Show in 2005, developed in collaboration with Zagato Design Centre. It differs from the parent version of the engine (1.4 Fire 95 PS and 1.3 Multijet 75, 90 and 105 horsepower, the four-disc braking system with lowered suspension, tires and some design features that make it more sporting to 'eye as circles and diamond burnished by the design Sports, chrome and burnished leather and Alcantara interior designer Momo Design.
In May 2008, as in 2006, returns in the role of the limited edition makeover ModaMilano with specific color changes (TOP Borromini Grey color), Bi-color multi-spoke wheels, chrome trim and dashboard instrumentation cupolotto covered with skin, price until December of that year.
Since 2009, limited edition of just 1,000, is on sale the Ypsilon Versus, realized with a young brand in the Versace line, with Bronzino Bronze body, interior, and sports pavilion dedicated and looking for the brownish 16 ". Also at the show the Paris 2009 concept car was presented Ypsilon Elle carried out in collaboration with the famous women's magazine fashion. Elle was characterized by a special pink color of the bodywork and interior trim. Also in 2009, were introduced Ypsilon E-Collection characterized by low environmental impact engines with reduced emissions of carbon dioxide and painting of the B-body color.
By 2011, the full range met the Euro 5 and presents the new versions. Is renewed and the interior trim color palette. Appear in the new projectors "telescopic" obscured and the new interior with parabolic mirrors painted in Gloss Black. In 2011 debut the Ypsilon Unyca, the ultimate special version for the Italian market.
The engine range is composed by the famous four-cylinder 1.2 Fire 60 PS to 69 PS expanded since October 2010. Next to the 1.2 version was joined by 16-valve, 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) later replaced in 2006 by 1.4 Fire 8 valve 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp). The 1.4 engine was produced in 95 PS 16-valve version, while the 1.4 8 valve has been produced since 2009 from 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) version EcoChic powered by LPG or petrol.
The 1.3 Multijet diesel engine was produced from 2003 to 2006 the variation from 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) to 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) subsequently expanded and was also introduced in version 90 and 105 PS more powerful and sporty. The Multijet with DPF had reduced emissions and fuel consumption.
- 1.2 8V 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp)
- 1.2 16V 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) (1st series)
- 1.4 8V 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) (2nd series)
- 1.4 16V 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)
- 1.3 16V Multijet (69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp) (1st series)
- 1.3 16V Multijet 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) – 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) (2nd series), 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) (MomoDesign)
Third generation (2011–present)
|Lancia Ypsilon (846)|
|Also called||Chrysler Ypsilon (UK, Ireland and Japan)|
|Assembly||Tychy, Poland (Fiat Poland)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door hatchback|
|Platform||Fiat Mini platform|
|Engine||0.9 L TwinAir I2 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire EcoChic I4 (LPG)
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,390 mm (94.1 in)|
|Length||3,840 mm (151.2 in)|
|Width||1,640 mm (64.6 in)|
|Height||1,510 mm (59.4 in)|
The third generation was shown at the Geneva Motor Show in 2011.
The first drawings of the new generation (Type 846) are developed in late 2006 and early 2007 by the Lancia Style Centre, directed by Alberto Dilillo, well before the alliance between Fiat and Chrysler, the final model takes only a few read the changes from the original model especially in the grille that recalls the style of most Chrysler with horizontal slats abandoning the two lobes of the Lancia grille with vertical slats.
The third series of Ypsilon also adopts the five-door body with the rear door handles hidden in the upright (solution similar to that adopted by the Alfa Romeo 147, 156 and Giulietta).
The platform base is no longer that of Fiat Punto but to reduce costs is based on the Fiat Mini platform, the same as the Fiat 500 and Panda, also the production was moved to Poland in Fiat's Tychy plant. The production includes 100,000 units per year at full capacity. The front suspension use the classic independent wheel MacPherson struts while the rear uses a torsion beam with stabilizer bar. Much of the style echoes the forms of Lancia Ardea as many solutions as the "flying bridge" (the waist line that goes through the rear window pillar) are inspired by the Lancia Delta third series.
The Ypsilon Type 846 is the result of an investment of €500 million (150 for development, 40 for the industrial structure and the remainder for investment product), the body is 3.84 meters long with a wheelbase of 2.39 meters and the cabin is approved for 5 seats. At the launch of Lancia Ypsilon provides for up to 600 possible combinations of customizing the car with 16 exterior colors (including 4 B-color version).
The new Ypsilon offers unusual accessories like automatic parking system (Magic Parking), the bi-xenon headlights and LED rear lights in addition to the Start & Stop on some engines. All models are equipped as standard with 4 airbags and stability and traction control (ESP and ASR) with Hill Holder, and ABS with EBD. Versions for the European market are the Silver, Gold intermediate and Platinum the most luxurious. Like all generations of Ypsilon the Type 846 also offers the instrumentation at the center of the dashboard.
The Ypsilon Type 846 is designed to be sold in many markets, for the first time produced a version with RHD for the UK and Ireland where it is sold as the Chrysler Ypsilon (as Lancia withdrew from those markets after ending RHD production). It is also exported to Morocco and Israel with the Lancia brand leveraging Fiat dealer network. In 2012 it began selling in Japan under the Chrysler brand at Yanase Co., Ltd. Japanese dealerships, while in the U.S. it will not be imported as to avoid internal competition with the Fiat 500, which is produced at Chrysler's Toluca plant in Mexico.
At the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show, Lancia debut with the Ypsilon Diamond concept cars, which anticipates release of a luxury model. The Diamond features two-tone paint with a top layer called "eco-chrome" covering pillars, roof, hood and mirrors while the lower part of the body is painted in Chiffon Blanc (a particular kind of white). The interior is fully lined in leather and alcantara with the seats in two-tone with Galuchat black bronze leather in the central part and head restraints have the logo sewn Y. The outside of the seats, dashboard and some details of the doors are covered with Nubuck light colored leather with shift knob also has been made of transparent acrylic to get the diamond effect. The Ypsilon Diamond has not been produced and has remained as a concept car.
At the Bologna Motor Show in December 2011 Lancia presents the Ypsilon Black&Red, special equipment proposed for the young audience with special paint and hi-fi audio set. Offered in 4 types of paint (Rosso Argilla, Nero Vulcano, Rosso Fiamma and the bi-color Rosso Argilla with roof and hood in Nero Vulcano) the interior offer the same color of the body with alternation of the black and red. The Ypsilon Black&Red is sold in most markets (incluse UK and Ireland) with 1.2 Fire petrol engine, 0.9 TwinAir Turbo and 1.3 Multijet diesel.
The engine range consists of the 1.2L eight-valve Fire petrol capable of 69 PS, already present on the previous version and coupled to a 5-speed manual gearbox, while a new product is the 0.9 L TwinAir two-cylinder with turbocharger capable of 85 PS and with Multiair. The 0.9 L TwinAir has emissions of 99 g/km of CO2 in the version with 5-speed manual transmission while the version with a DFN (Dolce Far Niente) automatic 5-speed transmission have emissions down to 97 g/km of CO2. The Ypsilon 0.9 L TwinAir declares consumption between 23.8 and 24.4 km/l. The diesel engine is the classic 1.3 L Multijet 16 valve 95 PS with a DPF capable of emitting 99 g/km of CO2 and is mated to a 5-speed manual transmission. Lancia Ypsilon 1.3 Multijet states for a consumption of 26.3 km/l.
- 1.2 8V 69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp)
- 0.9 TwinAir 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp)
- 1.3 16V Multijet 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)
- Lancia Ypsilon S Momodesign(2013)
- Lancia Ypsilon Elefantino
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