|Body and chassis|
The Lancia Ypsilon is a luxury supermini. It has been produced by Italian automaker Lancia since 1996. It is the replacement of the Y10 and is larger and more expensive. Between 1995 and 2005 Lancia produced more than 870,000 Ypsilons in the Melfi plant in the Potenza region.
The third generation Ypsilon is sold as the Chrysler Ypsilon in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Japan.
- 1 First generation (1996–2003)
- 2 Second generation (2003–2011)
- 3 Third generation (2011–present)
- 4 References
- 5 External links
First generation (1996–2003)
|Lancia Y (840)|
|Also called||Lancia Ypsilon|
|Designer||Enrico Fumia (Centro Stile Lancia)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||1.1 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Pratola Serra I4 (petrol)
|Wheelbase||2,380 mm (93.7 in)|
|Length||3,723 mm (146.6 in) (1996–2000)
3,740 mm (147.2 in) (2000–2003)
|Width||1,690 mm (66.5 in)|
|Height||1,435 mm (56.5 in)|
The Lancia Y (Type 840) was designed by Enrico Fumia. It was developed over 24 months at a cost of around 400 billion Italian lira and was presented in Rome in January 1996. The arches defined the car, repeating themselves on all sides of the car. The length is 3.72 m, 33 cm longer than the Y10. The Lancia Y was built on the platform of the Fiat Punto series 176 (the same platform as the Palio and Barchetta), with a rear suspension redesigned to provide a more comfortable and refined driving experience.
Main features of the Lancia Y include five seats, a soft plastic dashboard and accessories and options, including body colours in 100 shades from the Lancia Kaleidoscope catalogue. Another design property that distinguished the Y was the instrument cluster in the center of the dashboard, which was adopted by the Musa and Ypsilon later in 2003.
Initially, the range featured three trim levels: LE, LS and LX. A Cosmopolitan special edition was later added. It was created through collaboration with the magazine, based on the LX trim. It was sold in the European market outside of Italy.
Air conditioning was standard on the LX and an option on the LS. The LX also offered an enhanced instrument cluster with a rev counter and a larger display that also displayed the outside temperature.
The engines were part of the FIRE series that debuted in the Y10 in 1985 and later was used in other Fiat and Lancia vehicles. They were available in displacements of 1,108 and 1,242ccm with eight valves in an overhead camshaft arrangement. The top of the line 1.4 12 valve "Pratola Serra" engine with 80 PS was carried over from the Fiat Bravo/Brava. Given the limited success of the Pratola Serra engine, it was soon replaced by the first so-called SuperFIRE engine, featuring four valves per cylinder and multipoint fuel injection. The Lancia Y was the first car to receive this evolution of the FIRE.
The SuperFIRE features a unique control system of the engine timing distribution: A toothed belt drives the camshaft of the exhaust valves, which in turn drives the intake camshaft via a gear.
The Elefantino Rosso (English: Red Elephant, which was the symbol of the historic Lancia HF sports cars that won numerous rally competitions) is the sports version of the Lancia Y and the sister car to the Fiat Punto Sporting. It features an interiour in gray Alcantara, seats also in gray Alcantara and accentuated with dark gray fabric insets that echo the exteriour color of the car, a center console, 15" wheels and rear-view mirrors in a titanium look, the steering wheel and gearshift in gray leather with red stitching, air conditioning, a shorter gearbox ratio for quicker acceleration from 0–100 km/h and in 5th gear, a lowered and stiffened suspension with bigger roll bars and more direct power steering. It reached a top speed of 177 km/h and was the only car in the lineup to receive 15" wheels with 195/50R15 tires. For those who desired a more discreet, comfortable and luxurious ride, the LX with an Alcantara and walnut veneer interiour and LS were also available with SuperFIRE and able to reach the same top speed as the "Pratola Serra" versions. The 1.2 8V was available with an automatic ECVT transmission.
Lancia had pulled out of the right-hand drive markets two years prior to the Y's launch. Thus no right-hand drive version was developed.
The Italian magazine Quattroruote test drove the "Ypsilon 16V LX" beyond its usual city use and praised its excellent power reserves, while offering the comforts of a car worthy of a higher price. The Lancia Ypsilon was featured in Gran Turismo 2. The model was an immediate success selling over 42,000 units in the first two months.
In October 2000 the exterior and interior were restyled. The external changes included a new, larger grille, new bumpers, new taillights, new wheel cover designs, new fog lights. The side mouldings of the car became much smoother and body-coloured. The most significant internal change was the headrests (instead of drilled solids) and new seats and new steering wheel (similar to that of the Lancia Lybra). The material was no longer available with "soft touch", reflective security was removed from the doors, the climate control button was replaced with a lever and the instrument panel was made more readable and modern, especially in the use of the LED display. The length of the car increased slightly from 3.72 metres to 3.74 metres.
The LX and Red Elephant versions, which cost €15.060 list,[clarification needed] came with standard including driver and passenger airbags, air conditioning, ABS, power steering, Blaupunkt radio/navigation system with 6 speakers, split rear seat with headrests, the Alcantara interior, outdoor temperature display, electrically operated door mirrors painted in body colour, the helm station and instrument panel were red instead of green, central locking with remote control, power windows, adjustable seat and steering wheel, leather interior with red stitching on the Red Elephant, fog lamps and alloy wheels with 185/60 R 14 tires for the LX and 195/50 R15 for the Red Elephant.
The following years were marketed by other special versions: DoDo, Vanity and Unica. 16v versions reduce their output of 6 PS (4 kW) due to new Euro 3 pollution standards. Emissions were reduced with a more linear delivery, while maintaining, and sometimes even increasing, consumption.
Lancia reduced power from 60 PS on the 1242 cc, due to the addition of the sequential multipoint fuel injection system, costing power.
It also removed the 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) engine 1108 option, as it had not yet been adapted to the new Euro 3 directive, leaving the 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) 1.2 8v and 1.2 16v 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp).
In September 2003, after nearly eight years of career and just over 800,000 unit sels, its successor, the Lancia Ypsilon debuted, replacing it completely the following year.
|Version||Availability||Displacement||Power||Torque||0–100 km/h (0-60 mph)
|"Highest permitted" top speed
|Combined Fuel economy
|CO2 emissions (g/100 km)|
|1.1 FIRE 8V||1996-2000||1108 cm³||40 kW (55 PS) @5500RPM||86 N·m @3250RPM||15||150||15.9||150|
|1.2 FIRE 8V||1996-2000||1242 cm³||44 kW (60 PS) @5500RPM||98 N·m @3000RPM||13.3 / 13.5 (6-speed)||160 / 169 (6-speed)||?||?|
|1.2 FIRE 8V||2001-2003||1242 cm³||44 kW (60 PS) @5000RPM||102 N·m @2500RPM||14.1||158||17.5||136|
|1.4 Pratola Serra 12V||1996-1997||1370 cm³||59 kW (80 PS) @6000RPM||112 N·m @4000 RPM||12.4||170||--||--|
|1.2 FIRE 16V||2001-2003||1242 cm³||59 kW (80 PS) @5000RPM||114 N·m @4000RPM||11.2||174||16.6||144|
|1.2 FIRE 16V||1997-2000||1242 cm³||63 kW (86 PS) @6000RPM||113 N·m @4500RPM||10.9||177||15.1||157|
|Elefantino Rosso 16V||1997-2000||1242 cm³||63 kW (86 PS) @6000RPM||113 N·m @4500RPM||10.9||177||14.3||166|
- Adult occupant =
- Pedestrian =
Second generation (2003–2011)
|Lancia Ypsilon (843)|
|Assembly||Termini Imerese, Italy
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire EcoChic I4 (LPG)
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,388 mm (94.0 in)|
|Length||3,778 mm (148.7 in) (2003–2006)
3,810 mm (150.0 in) (2006–2011)
|Width||1,704 mm (67.1 in)|
|Height||1,530 mm (60.2 in)|
The Ypsilon (Type 843) was Introduced in 20032 to access the Lancia range. It was designed to meet the needs of a young audience, and over time found sales, especially to females. It became the best-selling car of the Lancia range with annual production of about 60,000 units. It was initially assembled at the Fiat plant in Melfi. In June 2005 production was moved to Sicily at the plant in Termini Imerese Palermo. The car uses a three-door body about 3.78 meters long, loosely based on the historic Lancia Ardea.
The front is characterized by a large chrome grille with lobes at the top. The lighting is placed at the ends of the front arch. Bumpers are characterized by the presence of a coating applied to the fascia. Above the air intakes are the fog lights (in versions of the tip). A prominent rib runs along the sids. The glazing frames are chrome plated versions of the tip. The tail has vertically-oriented headlamps that culminate in the bumper and are integrated into the fenders. The rear tailgate has a small size that limits visibility, embellished by chromed fascia above the license plate.
The frame used a shortened version of the B platform debut with the Fiat Punto (188) and adopted by the Fiat Idea and Lancia Musa. The front-mounted transverse engine with front wheel drive and front-wheel independent MacPherson strut with stabilizer bar. The arms are made of steel. The rear wheels are connected by a torsion bar stabilizer. Ventilated front disc and rear drum brakes were available only for the home versions. Sport MomoDesign provided the four-disc brakes with stiffened suspension and trim for other models. All versions included anti-wheel drive lock (ABS) with Electronic Brake Distribution (EBD) and an electric power steering system that stiffens gradually, but among the options are combined electronic stability control and traction.
The interior is covered with plastic inserts on door panels and instrument panel is covered with Airtex fabric, leather or Alcantara depending on the model. Two-tone upholstery and plastic inserts mimic aluminum. The upholstery is available in four different materials: "glamorous", Airtex, suede and leather. It offers a large storage space in front of the driver and passenger. The air conditioning and radio controls were located in the central area, including the optional navigation system.
In autumn 2006 the Ypsilon, received a touch-up that affected the engines and internals. It had a new front grille, more rounded bumpers with enlarged air intakes and rear light clusters with chrome-effect ice. There are five versions: Silver, Passion, White Gold, Yellow Gold and Platinum. New fabrics for the seats came with new combinations of colors. Finishes on the bridge are painted silver or dark gray. The car has a new 1.3 Multijet 16v engine of 75, 90 or 105 horses. It also offered Blue&Me hands-free (Bluetooth with USB port), new colors and new wheels.
The new Ypsilon can be equipped with pay-Electronic Stability Control and Hill Holder, a 0.93 g of grip, even if the rolling is accentuated by the soft suspension calibration. The shift lever is in a raised position and the split rear bench seat and sliding. The 2008 model introduced a DPF particulate filter as standard on all diesel engines except the 105 horsepower 1.3 Multijet diesel with automatic transmission DFN (Dolce Far Niente).
In 2010, the exterior mirrors increased in size and darkened headlamps appeared. In 2011 Lancia introduced the final version called Ypsilon Unyca.
Production of the second generation Lancia Ypsilon ended on 23 November 2011 because Fiat Group closed the Termini Imerese factory where the Ypsilon was assembled. The third generation of Lancia Ypsilon is produced at Tychy in Poland.
The Ypsilon was produced in two body colors version (called B-colore), which recalls Lancia tradition. The best-selling Ypsilons were the Passion, the Momo Design and Sport Momo Design characterized by the double body-color, distinct from the top (roof, side mirrors and rear hatch) and the rest of the fairing, as well as some mostly sporty details (alloy wheels, interior). It derives directly from a concept called Ypsilon Sport, presented at the Geneva Motor Show in 2005 and developed in collaboration with Zagato Design Centre. It differs from the parent version of the engine (1.4 Fire 95 PS and 1.3 Multijet 75, 90 and 105 horsepower, the four-disc braking system with lowered suspension, tires and its "sporty" design features.
In May 2008, as in 2006, the limited edition makeover ModaMilano returned with color changes (TOP Borromini Grey color), Bi-color multi-spoke wheels, chrome trim and dashboard instrumentation cupolotto covered with skin.
Since 2009, the Ypsilon Versus was a limited edition of just 1,000, designed by Versace, with Bronzino Bronze body and interior. The Paris 2009 concept car was presented as Ypsilon Elle carried out in collaboration with the women's magazine. Elle was characterized by special pink bodywork and interior trim. Also in 2009, the Ypsilon E-Collection arrived, characterized by low environmental impact engines with reduced carbon dioxide emissions dioxide and B-body color.
By 2011, the full range met the Euro 5 emission standard. It offered a new interior trim color palette. The interior had parabolic mirrors painted in Gloss Black. In 2011 the Ypsilon Unyca debuted.
The engine range included a four-cylinder 1.2 Fire, expanded from 60 PS to 69 PS in October 2010. The 1.2 version was joined by a 16-valve, 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp), replaced in 2006 by a 1.4 Fire 8 valve 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp). The 1.4 engine was produced in 95 PS 16-valve version, while the 1.4 8 valve was produced beginning in 2009 from 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) version EcoChic powered by LPG or petrol.
The 1.3 Multijet diesel engine was produced from 2003 to 2006. It varied from 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) to 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp). It was subsequently expanded to offer 90 and 105. The Multijet with DPF had reduced emissions and fuel consumption.
- 1.2 8V 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp)
- 1.2 16V 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) (1st series)
- 1.4 8V 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) (2nd series)
- 1.4 16V 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)
- 1.3 16V Multijet (69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp) (1st series)
- 1.3 16V Multijet 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) – 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) (2nd series), 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) (MomoDesign)
Third generation (2011–present)
|Lancia Ypsilon (846)|
|Also called||Chrysler Ypsilon (UK, Ireland and Japan)|
|Assembly||Tychy, Poland (Fiat Poland)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||5-door hatchback|
|Platform||Fiat Mini platform|
|Engine||0.9 L TwinAir I2 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.2 L Fire EcoChic I4 (LPG)
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,390 mm (94.1 in)|
|Length||3,840 mm (151.2 in)|
|Width||1,640 mm (64.6 in)|
|Height||1,510 mm (59.4 in)|
The third generation was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in 2011.
The first drawings of Type 846 were developed in late 2006 and early 2007 by the Lancia Style Centre, directed by Alberto Dilillo, before the Fiat/Chrysler alliance. The final model included only a few changes from the original, especially in the grille that recalls the style of most Chrysler models, with horizontal slats replacing the two lobes with vertical slats.
The third series of Ypsilon adopted a five-door body with rear door handles hidden in the upright (solution similar to that adopted by the Alfa Romeo 147, 156 and Giulietta).
The platform base moved from the Fiat Punto to the less costly Fiat Mini platform, the same as the Fiat 500 and Panda. Production was moved to Fiat's Tychy plant. Production reached 100,000 units per year at full capacity. The front suspension continued with independent wheel MacPherson struts and the torsion beam with stabilizer bar. Much of the style echoed the Lancia Ardea, such as the "flying bridge" (the waist line that goes through the rear window pillar), which are inspired by the Lancia Delta third series.
The Ypsilon Type 846 received investment of €500 million (150 for development, 40 for the industrial structure and the remainder for production). The body is 3.84 meters long with a wheelbase of 2.39 meters. The cabin is approved for 5 seats. At the launch up to 600 possible customization combinations with 16 exterior colors (including 4 B-color version).
Novel accessories included an automatic parking system (Magic Parking), bi-xenon headlights and LED rear lights in addition to automatic Start & Stop on some engines.
All models were equipped with standard 4 airbags and stability and traction control (ESP and ASR) with Hill Holder, and ABS with EBD. European versions included Silver, Gold intermediate and Platinum option packages. Type 846 continued to place the instrumentation at the center of the dashboard.
Type 846 is designed to succeed in many markets, and introduced a right hand drive version for the UK and Ireland, where it was sold as the Chrysler Ypsilon. It is exported to Morocco and Israel leveraging the Fiat dealer network. In 2012 it began selling in Japan under the Chrysler brand at Yanase Co., Ltd. Japanese dealerships. It will not be exported to the USA in order to avoid competition with the Fiat 500, which is produced at Chrysler's Toluca plant in Mexico.
At the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show, Lancia debuted Ypsilon Diamond concept cars, which anticipated the release of a luxury model. The Diamond features two-tone paint with a top layer called "eco-chrome" covering pillars, roof, hood and mirrors. The lower part of the body is painted in Chiffon Blanc (a particular kind of white). The interior is fully lined in leather and Alcantara with two-tone seats covered in Galuchat black bronze leather. Head restraints display the Y logo. The outside of the seats, dashboard and some door details are covered with Nubuck light-colored leather with shift knob made of transparent acrylic to get the diamond effect. The Ypsilon Diamond has remained a concept car only.
At the Bologna Motor Show in December 2011 Lancia presented the Ypsilon Black&Red, with special equipment proposed for young buyers, including special paint and hi-fi audio. Offered in 4 paint styles (Rosso Argilla, Nero Vulcano, Rosso Fiamma and the bi-color Rosso Argilla with roof and hood in Nero Vulcano) the interior offers the same color as the body with alternation of black and red. The Ypsilon Black&Red is sold in most markets (including UK and Ireland) with 1.2 Fire petrol engine, 0.9 TwinAir Turbo and 1.3 Multijet diesel.
The engine range consists of the 1.2L eight-valve Fire petrol capable of 69 PS, already present on the previous version and coupled to a 5-speed manual gearbox. A new option is the 0.9 L TwinAir two-cylinder with turbocharger capable of 85 PS and with Multiair. The 0.9 L TwinAir has emissions of 99 g/km of CO2 in the version with 5-speed manual transmission while the version with a DFN (Dolce Far Niente) automatic 5-speed transmission have emissions down to 97 g/km of CO2. The Ypsilon 0.9 L TwinAir declares consumption between 23.8 and 24.4 km/l. The diesel engine is the classic 1.3 L Multijet 16 valve 95 PS with a DPF capable of emitting 99 g/km of CO2 and is mated to a 5-speed manual transmission. Lancia Ypsilon 1.3 Multijet states for a consumption of 26.3 km/l.
- 1.2 8V 69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp)
- 0.9 TwinAir 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp)
- 0.9 TwinAir CNG 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) (Compressed Natural Gas + petrol, from 2013 on)
- 1.3 16V Multijet 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)
- Lancia Ypsilon S Momodesign (2013)
- Lancia Ypsilon Elefantino/Elefantino 2014
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- Lancia Y Club Italia MaTT. "History of Lancia Y". Lanciayclubitalia.it. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
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- German manual, page 156: "Geschwindigkeiten, höchstzulässige nach der Einfahrzeit des Fahrzeugs, in km/h" (Speed, highest permitted after the breaking in of the vehicle, in km/h)
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- "Lancia Ypsilon Unyca 2011 for Italy". Lanciaitaliablog.com. 8 June 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
- Pubblicato: 27 February 2011 da p.a.fina (27 February 2011). "Lancia Ypsilon: il design raccontato dai suoi stilisti". Autoblog.it. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- "Fiat to move production of Lancia Ypsilon to Tychy". Polishmarket.com. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Pubblicato: 25 mag 2011 da Omar Abu Eideh (14 February 2011). "Lancia Ypislon information". Autoblog.it. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Pubblicato: 24 mag 2011 da Fabio Sciarra. "Nuova Lancia Ypsilon: tutte le foto e le informazioni ufficiali". Autoblog.it. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- "A look at Lancia’s new five-door Ypsilon.". www.europeancarnews.com.
- Pubblicato: 25 April 2011 da Omar Abu Eideh (25 April 2011). "Ypsilon not for USA". Autoblog.it. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- "Lancia Ypsilon Diamond". Omniauto.it. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "Lancia Ypsilon Black&Red – Debutta al Bologna Motor Show" (in Italian). Quattroruote.it. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "Chrysler Ypsilon Black & Red Edition announced (UK)". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
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