Lancing College

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Lancing College
(formerly College of St Mary and St Nicolas)
Lancing logo.jpg
Motto 'Beati Mundo Corde'[1]
(Blessed are the pure in heart)[2]
Established 1848
Type Independent day and boarding
Religion Church of England
Head Master Jonathan Gillespie MA
Chairman Dr. Harry Brünjes
Founder Canon Nathaniel Woodard
Location Lancing
West Sussex
BN15 0RW
England
DfE URN 126108 Tables
Students c.550
Gender Mixed
Ages 13–18
Houses 9
Colours

Blue and White

         
Publication The Quad; Lancing Life
Former pupils OLs
Affiliation Woodard Corporation
Website www.lancingcollege.co.uk

Lancing College is a co-educational English independent school in the British public school tradition, founded in 1848 by Nathaniel Woodard. Woodard's aim was to provide education "based on sound principle and sound knowledge, firmly grounded in the Christian faith." Lancing was the first of a family of more than 30 schools founded by Woodard (others include Hurstpierpoint College, Ardingly College, Bloxham School and Worksop College).

Typical of major independent schools, Lancing places emphasis on what might be described as tradition — Anglican Christianity (chapel attendance is compulsory for all pupils), and sport (notably football, Eton fives, squash, tennis, hockey and cricket).

The school is based in 550 acres (2.2 km2) of countryside in West Sussex, east of Worthing near the village of Lancing, on the south coast of England. The college is situated on a hill which is part of the South Downs, and the campus dominates the local landscape. The college overlooks the River Adur and the Ladywell Stream, a holy well or sacred stream within the College grounds has pre-Christian significance.[3]

The school is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. Girls were first admitted in 1970. The school is dominated by a Gothic revival chapel, and follows a high church Anglican tradition. The College of St Mary and St Nicolas (as it was originally known) was intended for the sons of upper middle classes and professional men; in time this became Lancing College, moving to its present site in 1857.

The school's buildings of the 1850s were designed by the architect Richard Cromwell Carpenter, with later ones by John William Simpson.

Lancing boards boys and girls between the ages of 13 and 18 at a cost of about £30,000 a year.[4] A small number of the students attend Lancing on academic and musical scholarships provided by the school; of the other pupils, some may receive some kind of bursary. Former pupils are referred to as OLs.

In 2003 Lancing was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents, although the schools made clear that they had not realised that the change to the law (which had happened only a few months earlier) about the sharing of information had subsequently made it an offence.[5] Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared.[6] However, Mrs Jean Scott, the head of the Independent Schools Council, said that independent schools had always been exempt from anti-cartel rules applied to business, were following a long-established procedure in sharing the information with each other, and that they were unaware of the change to the law (on which they had not been consulted). She wrote to John Vickers, the OFT director-general, saying, "They are not a group of businessmen meeting behind closed doors to fix the price of their products to the disadvantage of the consumer. They are schools that have quite openly continued to follow a long-established practice because they were unaware that the law had changed."[7]

School life[edit]

The school day begins with 'Roll Call' at 8.15 and ends around 6pm with sports during the afternoons of alternate days. At 7pm there are two hours of 'evening school' where pupils are expected to remain in their studies and complete any prep that may have been set during the academic day. Pupils are also expected to attend lessons on Saturday mornings.

The college is divided up into houses, each house resident to between 30 and 80 pupils.

Lancing Lower Quad
House Colours Number Gender Type Housemaster/mistress Named for
Head's Red/Rose 1 M Day Mr A Chappell formerly The Head Master's House
Second's Silver/Maroon 2 M Boarding Mr D Harvey formerly The Second Master's House
School Purple/Silver 3 M Boarding Mr C Mole consists of the former Olds and Sanderson's (New) Houses
Field's Rose/White 4 F Boarding Mrs M Creer The Rev. Edmund Field
Gibbs' Silver/Purple 5 M Boarding Mr M J H Smith Henry Martin Gibbs
Sankey's Green 6 F Day Mrs E Campbell John Sankey, 1st Viscount Sankey
Teme Green/blue 7 M Boarding Dr S Norris The River Teme
Manor Yellow 8 F Boarding Miss C Krause Manor house, a house of the school in the first half of the 20th century
Handford Blue 9 F Boarding Miss A McKane Basil Handford

Each house has a distinctive set of 'colours' which are awarded to students for merit and/or commitment for representing the house. The award allows male students to wear a house tie.

Besides academic study pupils are involved in activities that include football, rugby, tennis, squash, badminton, lacrosse, basketball, fives, hockey, running, fencing, debating, farming, riding, clay pigeon shooting, target rifle shooting, Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme, sailing, and the Combined Cadet Force.

Chapel[edit]

The chapel
The chapel interior

The foundation stone of the college chapel was laid in 1868, but the chapel itself was not finished in Woodard's lifetime. In fact, the chapel remains unfinished. It stands at about 50 metres (with foundations going down 20 metres into the ground), but the original plans called for a tower at the West end which would raise the height to 100 metres. The apex of the vaulting rises to 27.4 m (90 ft).[8] One reason that the chapel ended up as high as it did was that Woodard insisted that it be built to its full height at one end first, so that even if he died before completion the height could not be cut down to save money. The chapel is built in the English gothic style of the 14th century, with 13th century French influences. It was designed by R. H. Carpenter and William Slater, and is built of Sussex sandstone from Scaynes Hill.

The chapel was dedicated to St Mary and St Nicolas in 1911, although the college worshiped in the finished crypt from 1875. Inside can be found, amongst other things, the tomb of the founder, two organs, and a rose window designed by Stephen Dykes Bower, completed in 1977, and the largest rose window in England, being 32 ft in diameter. The chapel itself is the largest school chapel in the world.[9]

The eastern organ is a two manual mechanical organ built by the Danish firm, Frobenius and was installed and voiced 'in situ' in 1986. That year marked the completion of the rebuild of the four manual Walker organ at the west end of the chapel[10] - both of which were showcased in the opening concert by the American organ virtuoso, Carlo Curley.

A stained glass window was recently commissioned in memory of Trevor Huddleston OL, and was consecrated by Desmond Tutu on Tuesday 22 May 2007.

The chapel is open to the public every day, Monday to Saturday from 10.00 until 16.00, and Sunday from 12.00 until 16.00. Full school services are held every Wednesday morning during term time at 08.35, and on certain Sundays throughout the year. There is also a eucharist every morning at 07.40, and benediction on a Friday evening followed by a lower school service on Saturday mornings at 8:25.

Lancing's chapel "symbolises the importance of Christian worship" at the college. Every year the building brings thousands of visitors to its doors.

Campus[edit]

Most school buildings and boarding houses are positioned around the central quads with the chapel positioned adjacent to the college drive. The school has an operational farm, river access, squash courts, fives courts, smallbore rifle range, swimming pool, a multigym, weightroom, two all weather astro-turfs, twenty-eight tennis courts, two theatres, two libraries and extensive classrooms.

The school is one of only a small number in the country to have Eton fives courts. The Upper Field's cricket square is most highly regarded.

During World War II, students were evacuated to Downton Castle in Herefordshire.[11] Both the main college and the prep school buildings were requistioned by the Admiralty and became part of the Royal Navy shore establishment HMS King Alfred.

Developments[edit]

Upper quadrangle view from Great School

Despite the principles of Victorian austerity on which the school was founded, Lancing has recently completed a number of developments that include a new design centre. The new art school was opened by HRH Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester in September 2009.

A development council is operating under the chairmanship of Sir Tim Rice. It acts in an advisory capacity on development and fundraising matters.

In 1856 Lancing created its own code of football which (unlike other school codes) was regarded as a means of fostering teamwork[12]

Notable alumni[edit]

The College Drive

Arts[edit]

Literature[edit]

Broadcasting, theatre and film[edit]

Politics and law[edit]

Diplomatic service[edit]

Sciences[edit]

The Church[edit]

Armed forces[edit]

Business[edit]

Sport[edit]

Academia[edit]

Notable former staff members[edit]

Hoe Court[edit]

South West side of the College

The College owns a number of properties based along the College Drive and all the properties in Hoe Court, a road extending from the rear of the College towards the village of Lancing.

Lancing College Preparatory School at Mowden[edit]

Lancing College Preparatory School at Mowden is an independent nursery, pre-preparatory and preparatory School for approximately 195 children between the ages of 3 and 13. The headmaster is a member of the Independent Association of Preparatory Schools.

Mowden School, as it was originally known, was founded by B A Snell at Mowden Hall, in Essex, in 1896. In 1901, it moved to Lansdowne Place, Hove and in 1913 moved again to its present site. Edward Snell took over from his father in 1937 and, on his death in 1973, his son, Christopher, became headmaster.

In September 2002, the school passed into the care of Lancing College and the current headmaster, Alan Laurent, took over from the Snells. Although the house was purpose built for a preparatory school in 1913 by Christopher Snell¹s grandfather, there has been a continuing programme of modernisation and development.

In addition to two dedicated IT rooms, each classroom has its own computer, projector and interactive smartboard and there is a well-equipped science laboratory, technology room and an attractive library and reading room. Spacious sports fields surround the school, which accommodate pitches for all the main games and sports, including an all-weather Astroturf area.

Traditionally the school was for boys only, but in September 2002, girls were accepted for the first time and the school became co-educational.

Mowden School became Lancing College Preparatory School at Mowden (or Lancing Prep as it is known) in September 2005.

In 2008, an ISI Inspection team concluded that, 'Lancing College Preparatory School meets its aims outstandingly well. It does this by achieving high quality in every aspect of what it provides'.

Headmasters[edit]

  • Henry Jacobs (Aug–Dec 1848)
  • Charles Edward Moberly (1849–1851)
  • John Branthwaite (1851–1859)
  • Henry Walford (1859–1861)
  • Robert Edward Sanderson (1862–1889)
  • Harry Ward McKenzie (1889–1894)
  • Ambrose John Wilson (1895–1901)
  • Bernard Henry Tower (1901–1909)
  • Canon Henry Thomas Bowlby (1909–1925)
  • Cuthbert Harold Blakiston (1925–1934)
  • Frank Cecil Doherty (1935–1953)
  • John Christopher Dancy (1953–1961)
  • Sir Erskine William Gladstone KG Bt (1961–1969)
  • Ian David Stafford Beer (1969–1981)
  • James Stephen Woodhouse (1981–1993)
  • Christopher John Saunders (1993–1998)
  • Peter M. Tinniswood (1998–2005)
  • Richard R. Biggs (acting, 2005–2006)
  • Jonathan Gillespie (Sept 2006–2014)
  • Dominic Oliver (Aug 2014 - present)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vulgate
  2. ^ KJV
  3. ^ Our Lady's Well (Lancing) [Ladywell Spring] Holy Well or Sacred Spring : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Gray, Sadie. "Independent schools face huge fines over cartel to fix fees - Times Online". The Times (London). 
  6. ^ OFT names further trustees as part of the independent schools settlement - The Office of Fair Trading
  7. ^ "Private schools send papers to fee-fixing inquiry". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2004-01-03. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  8. ^ "Visit Worthing - Lancing College Chapel". Visit Worthing. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  9. ^ Cities, Events, Accommodation & Attractions in South East England[dead link]
  10. ^ The History of the English Organ. Stephen Bicknell, Cambridge University Press, 1999
  11. ^ Liberal England blog by Jonathan Calder - "Shropshire on the screen", July 12, 2005
  12. ^ J. Lowerson and J. Myerscough, Time to Spare in Victorian England (Brighton: Harvester, 1977) pp 119-20, cited in Football: The First Hundred Years. The Untold Story. Adrian Harvey, Routledge, 2005
  13. ^ Haddon, E. B. "Mr. J. H. Driberg". Obituary. Nature (journal). Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  14. ^ Sholto Marcon at cricketarchive.com, accessed 20 December 2011

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°50′47″N 00°18′15″W / 50.84639°N 0.30417°W / 50.84639; -0.30417