Land Transport Authority

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Land Transport Authority
Land Transport Authority (logo).png
Logo of LTA
Agency overview
Formed 1 September 1995[1]
Preceding agencies Registry of Vehicles[1]
Mass Rapid Transit Corporation[1]
Roads & Transportation Division of the Public Works Department[1]
Land Transportation Division of the Ministry of Communications[1]
Jurisdiction Government of Singapore
Headquarters 1 Hampshire Road Singapore 219428
Agency executives Michael LIM Choo San, Chairman
Chew Men Leong, Chief Executive[2]
Parent agency Ministry of Transport
Website www.lta.gov.sg
The Land Transport Authority's headquarters at the former Kandang Kerbau Women's and Children's Hospital.
The LTA Gallery is located at the LTA office at Hampshire Road

The Land Transport Authority (Abbreviation: LTA; Chinese: 陆路交通管理局 (shortform: 陆交局); Malay: Penguasa Pengangkutan Darat; Tamil: நிலப் போக்குவரத்து வாரியம்) is a statutory board under the Ministry of Transport of Government of Singapore.

History[edit]

Land Transport Authority (LTA) was established in 1 September 1995 and launched by the then Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. LTA was formed with the merger of public sector entities, namely the Registry of Vehicles, Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Roads & Transportation Division of the Public Works Department and Land Transportation Division of the former Ministry of Communications.[1]

Changes to public transport[edit]

To meet with the increasing number of commuters in Singapore, Land Transport Authority had to exercise on new changes over time.

Rail[edit]

LTA is responsible for the development of the rapid transit system and the expansion of the rail network. It aims to double the rail network by 2030. Since 2008, LTA has increased the length of Singapore's rail network from 138 km to about 180 km with the opening of the Boon Lay Extension in 2009, the Circle Line from 2009 to 2011 and the Circle Line Extension in 2012. Downtown Line, Thomson-East Coast Line, North South Line Extension, Tuas West Extension are underway towards completion, with Cross Island Line and Jurong Region Line under planning.

Half-height platform screen doors were installed in all 36 elevated stations in 2012 for the safety of passengers and to reduce delays in train service from track intrusions.[3] HVLS fans are also installed at all elevated stations starting from 1 June 2012 and ending on 6 January 2013.

In addition, this year is also the time where upgrading works are underway for all stations and existing train lines. Railway sleepers, re-signaling, third rail and propulsion systems will be changed, together with Wi-Fi, noise barriers, escalator announcements and Care Zones are also implemented.

Bus[edit]

LTA took on the role of central bus network planner from 2009, working with communities and the bus operators, SBS Transit (SBST) and SMRT Buses (SMRTB), to identify areas for bus improvements and to shift the focus to placing the commuter at the centre and taking a holistic approach in planning the bus network, taking into consideration development in the Rapid Transit System (RTS) network and other transport infrastructure. As a result, some bus routes were changed and new services added to give commuters more bus options and make it easier for commuters to connect to MRT stations and amenities.

Quality of Service (QoS) standards have also been tightened to reduce waiting time and reduce crowding. Now, at least 4 in 5 buses run every 10 minutes or less during weekday peak hours, an improvement from 15 minutes as compared in 2008. Feeder bus services have become more frequent too, with 90% of bus services now running at intervals of 10 minutes or less during the weekday peak periods, tightened from 85%.[4]

Since 2012, the Government has partnered the bus operators to significantly increase bus capacity and enhance bus service levels through the Bus Service Enhancement Programme. Under BSEP, about 40 new services are being introduced and 800 buses are being added over five years. About 300 of the 550 buses will be deployed to improve bus frequencies of existing services while the remaining 250 buses will be used to run new bus services. With BSEP, commuters can expect shorter waiting time and more comfortable journeys.[5]

LTA has so far added 248 buses onto the road under BSEP. The bulk of the remaining buses will be rolled out by the end of 2014. LTA will also be looking into tapping on private bus operators to augment the current pool of resources.[6]

Road projects[edit]

Investment in road projects ensures that the economy will be ably supported with a strong and ever-improving transport infrastructure and coordinated system to help motorists to enjoy a safer and more pleasant journey. One such project is the introduction of the Parking Guidance System (PGS)[7] in the city[8] and HarbourFront area[9] to guide drivers to the nearest parking facility with available parking spaces, reducing the need for vehicles to cruise around to find empty parking spaces.

As part of investment in road projects, LTA will also be expanding the EMAS signages and upgrading the oldest EMAS signages in the expressways.[10]

To improve road safety, LTA implemented a variety of road engineering measures, such as adding pedestrian crossing lines with enhanced dash markings, traffic calming markings and "pedestrian crossing ahead" road markings in more locations in 2009. "Your Speed Signs", electronic signs displaying the speed of a passing vehicle, were also introduced so that motorists could be more aware of their speeds and would be more likely to keep to the speed limit. Road studs which flash in tandem with the green man signal at traffic junctions were also installed at more locations to alert motorists to stop for crossing pedestrians.[11]

Education[edit]

LTA Academy[edit]

The LTA Academy was launched in September 2006 by the Land Transport Authority of Singapore. The Academy aims to be a global knowledge hub in urban transport. It provides a one-stop platform for government officials, professionals and practitioners from around the world to tap on Singapore's experience and expertise and exchange knowledge and best practices in urban transport management and development. The Academy takes on three key roles: Learning Enabler, Research and Public Education. It publishes JOURNEYS, a professional publication on land transport issues.[12]

Land Transport Gallery[edit]

The LTA Gallery is located at the LTA office at Hampshire Road

The LTA Gallery, located at the main LTA Hampshire Office, offers a learning experience about the evolution of Singapore's land transport system in a fun and interactive environment.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Our History". Land Transport Authority. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "LTA chief appointed as MND Permanent Secretary". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "LTA Completes Installation of Half Height Platform Screen Doors". Land Transport Authority. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Quality of Service (QoS) Standards for Basic Bus Services". Public Transport Council. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Bus Service Enhancement Programme". PublicTransport@SG. 
  6. ^ "Joint News Release by the Land Transport Authority, SBST & SMRT – Bus Service Enhancement Programme One-year Report". Land Transport Authority. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "LTA Launches Parking Guidance System in Marina Centre to Help Motorists Make Informed Decision on Parking Spaces". Land Transport Authority. 24 March 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Parking Guidance System Extended To Orchard Area". Land Transport Authority. 3 August 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Parking Guidance System For HarbourFront Area". Land Transport Authority. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Expressway Monitoring Advisory System (EMAS)". One.Motoring. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Your Speed Sign (YSS)". One.Motoring. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "About LTA Academy". LTA Academy. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 

External links[edit]