Land Transportation Office (Philippines)
|Tanggapan ng Transportasyong-Lupa|
|Formed||June 20, 1964|
|Superseding agency||Land Transportation|
|Headquarters||East Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City|
|Agency executive||Atty. Alfonso V. Tan, Jr., Assistant Secretary|
|Parent agency||Department of Transportation and Communications|
The Philippines' Land Transportation Office (Filipino: Tanggapan ng Transportasyong-Lupa), abbreviated as LTO, is an agency of the Philippine government under the Department of Transportation and Communications and is responsible for all land transportation in the Philippines, especially implementing transportation laws, rules and regulations.
In 1926, Act No. 3045 compiled and inks. Act No. 3992 (Revised Motor Vehicle Law) was enacted in 1933, amending Act No. 3045. The Automobile Division was renamed Division of Motor Vehicles.
In 1945, the Department of Public Works and Highways issued Department Order No. 4 for the reorganization of the Division. It took effect after the liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese invasion. Executive Order No. 94 was promulgated in 1947, after Philippine independence reorganizing the different executive departments, bureaus and offices. Under Section 82 of E.O. 94, the Division of Motor Vehicles was upgraded into the Motor Vehicles Office (MVO) with the category of the Bureau. However, the Motor Vehicle Office was abolished in 1964 by Republic Act No. 4136 or the Land Transportation and Traffic Code.
During the Marcos dictatorship, Executive Order No. 546 was promulgated in 1979, creating the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC). The Land Transportation Commission was renamed into Bureau of Land Transportation and was absorbed into that ministry. The creation of the Board of Transportation and the Bureau of Land Transportation was nullified in 1985 by Executive Order 1011. The E.O. established the Land Transportation Commission, which was tasked to perform functions such as registering motor vehicles, licensing of drivers and conductors, franchising of public utility vehicles and enforcing land transportation rules and regulations.
The Land Transportation Commission was abolished in 1987, and two offices were created, namely the Land Transportation Office (LTO) and the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB). The LTO took over the functions of the former BLT while the LTFRB took over the functions of the BOT. The MOTC was likewise renamed as the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC).