Land of Uz
The word may also be related etymologically to the word oz, meaning 'east'. In the Book of Job (1:3), Job is described as "the greatest of all the people of the East."
Uz is sometimes identified with the kingdom of Edom, roughly in the area of modern-day southwestern Jordan and southern Israel. Lamentations 4:21 reads: "Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Uz".
Other locations proposed for Uz include more southern Arabia, especially Dhofar, said to be the home of the original Arabs; Bashan in modern-day southern Syria/western Jordan; Arabia east of Petra, Jordan; and even modern-day Uzbekistan.
According to the Dead Sea document, The War Scroll, the land of Uz is mentioned as existing somewhere beyond the Euphrates possibly in relation to Aram. In Column 2 verse 11, it is noted, "they shall fight against the rest of the sons of Aramea: Uz, Hul, Togar, and Mesha, who are beyond the Euphrates."
Modern Israeli usage
- Job 1:1
- Gen. 36:28; Gen. 22:21; Gen. 10:23
- "The Land of Uz" WebBible Encyclopedia
- G. Wyman Bury. The land of Uz. (1911 (original), 1998 reprint)
- "Where Was Uz?" by Wayne Blank, Daily Bible Study
- "Uzbekistan Is Book of Job Land of Uz Where Ice Age Climate Explains the Environment Described" by James I. Nienhuis, Dancing from Genesis