Land reclamation in Hong Kong

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Land reclamation in Hong Kong: Grey (built), Red (proposed or under development). Note that most of the urban area (shown in pink in the map below) of Hong Kong is on the reclaimed land.
Marker in Causeway Bay showing the former location of the coastline.

The reclamation of land from the sea has long been used in mountainous Hong Kong to ameliorate the limited supply of usable land. The first reclamations can be traced back to the early Western Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 9 CE), when beaches were turned into fields for salt production. Major land reclamation projects have been conducted since the mid-19th century.[1]

Projects[edit]

One of the earliest and best-known modern projects was the Praya Reclamation Scheme, which added 50 to 60 acres (240,000 m2) of land in 1890 during the second phase of construction. It was one of the most ambitious projects ever undertaken during the Colonial Hong Kong era.[2][3]

Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, Hong Kong International Airport, and its predecessor, Kai Tak Airport, were all built on reclaimed land.

In addition, as the city expands, new towns in different decades were mostly built on reclaimed land, such as Tuen Mun, Tai Po, Sha Tin, Ma On Shan, West Kowloon, Kwun Tong and Tseung Kwan O.

Issues[edit]

Much reclamation has taken place in prime locations on the waterfront on both sides of Victoria Harbour. This has raised environmental issues of the protection of the harbour which was once the source of prosperity of Hong Kong, traffic congestion in the Central district,[4] as well as the collusion of the Hong Kong Government with the real estate developers in the territory.[5][6]

Environmental legislation[edit]

Hong Kong legislators passed the Protection of the Harbour Ordinance in 1996 in an effort to safeguard the increasingly threatened Victoria Harbour against encroaching land development.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ EIA: A survey report of Historical Buildings and Structures within the Project Area of the Central Reclamation Phase III, Chan Sui San Peter for the HK Government, February 2001
  2. ^ Bard, Solomon (2002). Voices from the past: Hong Kong, 1842-1918. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 978-962-209-574-8. 
  3. ^ Wordie, Jason (April 18, 1999). "Land-grabbing titans who changed HK's profit for good". Hong Kong Standard. Retrieved 2011-12-04. 
  4. ^ "Courts protect our imperiled waterway - at least for the time being". Hong Kong Standard. August 14, 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  5. ^ DeGolyer, Michael (March 15, 2007). "Commentary: Just Looking for Answers". Hong Kong Standard. Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  6. ^ Ng, Michael (October 5, 2006). "Lawmaker warns of West Kowloon arts venue glut". Hong Kong Standard. Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  7. ^ Wallis, Keith (February 12, 1996). "Bill seeks to protect harbour". Hong Kong Standard. Retrieved 2007-03-23. 

External links[edit]