Landakotskirkja

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Cathedral of Christ the King
The Cathedral Basilica of Christ the King
Landakotskirkja

The Cathedral of Christ the King in the upper right.
64°08′51″N 21°56′56″W / 64.14750°N 21.94889°W / 64.14750; -21.94889
Location Reykjavik
Country Iceland
Denomination Roman Catholic
History
Consecrated 23 July 1929
Architecture
Status Active
Functional status Cathedral
Architect(s) Guðjón Samúelsson
Style Neo-Gothic
Administration
Diocese Reykjavik
Clergy
Bishop(s) Pierre Bürcher

Landakotskirkja ("Landakot's Church"), formally named Basilika Krists konungs ("The Basilica of Christ the King"), is the cathedral of the Catholic Church in Iceland. It is often referred to as Kristskirkja ("Christ's Church"). Landakotskirkja is located in the western part of Reykjavík, on the Landakot property. It has a distinctively flat top, as opposed to the standard spire. Its architect is Guðjón Samúelsson, who also built the famous Hallgrímskirkja and the Akureyrarkirkja in Akureyri.

The first Catholic priests to arrive in Iceland after the Reformation were the Frenchmen Bernard Bernard and Jean-Baptiste Baudoin. They bought the Landakot farmstead in Reykjavík and settled there in the early 19th century. They built a small chapel in 1864. A few years later, a small wooden church was erected by Túngata, close to Landakot. After the First World War, Icelandic Catholics saw the need to build a bigger church for the growing number of Catholics. They decided to build a Neo-Gothic church and entrusted the task to the architect Guðjón Samúelsson. After years of construction, Landakotskirkja was finally sanctified on 23 July 1929. It was the largest church in Iceland at the time. Today, Landakotskirkja is a distinct landmark in western Reykjavík. The only Catholic school in Iceland is located nearby on the same land.

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Coordinates: 64°08′51″N 21°56′56″W / 64.14750°N 21.94889°W / 64.14750; -21.94889