Landesliga Bayern

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Landesliga Bayern
Founded
1963
Nation
 Germany
Map of Germany: Position of Bavaria highlighted
State
 Bavaria
Promotion To
Bayernliga Nord
Bayernliga Süd
Relegation To
Bezirksligas (15 divisions)
Number of leagues
5
Number of clubs
88
Level on Pyramid
Level 6

The Landesliga Bayern sits at step 6 of the German football league system and is the third highest level in the Bavarian football league system, below the Bayernliga and organised in five regional divisions. The current Landesligas were formed in 1963, when the Fußball-Bundesliga was established. From 2012, when the Regionalliga Bayern was established, the Landesligas were expand from three to five divisions.

Previous to that, from 1945 to 1950, the Landesliga Bayern existed as a tier-two league below the Oberliga Süd.

Overview[edit]

Landesliga Bayern 1945 to 1950[edit]

From 1945 to 1950, the Bayernliga was called Landesliga Bayern. It was then the second tier of Southern German Football.[1]

The league was established after the Second World War, consisting of nine clubs, with the league winner promoted to the Oberliga Süd. After its first season, 1945–46, it expanded to two divisions, north and south, with eleven clubs each. At the end of season, the two league champions played for the Bavarian title and Oberliga promotion. In 1947-48, each division had 13 clubs.[2]

In its last two seasons, 1948–49 and 1949–50, the league returned to a single division format. In 1948-49, it consisted of 16 clubs with the top two teams earning promotion. In 1949-50, 14 clubs were in the league and the best five teams earned entry to the newly formed 2. Oberliga Süd, which became the second tier in Southern Germany. The remaining nine clubs plus seven promoted teams formed the new Amateurliga Bayern, now the third tier.[3]

Alongside the Landesliga Bayern, four other regional Landesligas existed as the second tier below the Oberliga Süd, these being:

Landesligas from 1963 to 2012[edit]

The Landesligas from 1963 to 2012.

After the interception of the three Landesligas in 1963 the winners of the leagues were automatically promoted to the Bayernliga. The runners-up faced a relegation play-off with the team of the Bayernliga that is placed just above the relegation zone, usually the 15th placed team unless the league held more or less than the desired number of 18 teams, for a final promotion spot. Since the start of the promotion play-offs in 1981, Landesliga Süd had won the extra spot 17 times, Landesliga Mitte 8 times and Landesliga Nord only 5 times. In 1985, 1994, 1996 and 2003 additional spots were available on top of the usual four.

The German word Landesliga can be pretty literally translated as State League.

The three Landesligas cover the following areas:

Since 1988 the seven Bezirksoberligas were set below the Landesligas, covering the above mentioned seven Bezirke. The winners of those gained promotion, the runners-up faced a promotion play-off for a number of promotion spot which vary from season to season. Previous to that, the Bezirksligas were set below the Landesligas, with the slight fluctuations in the number of leagues.

Only four teams in Bavaria have never dropped down to Landesliga level, these being FC Bayern Munich, TSV 1860 München, 1. FC Nuremberg and FC Augsburg, with the SpVgg Fürth, now SpVgg Greuther Fürth, being by far the most prominent club to have played in any of the three Landesligas, having three German championships to their name (1914, 1926, 1929).

Since 1980, the reserve teams of Landesliga clubs were permitted to enter the league system. Previous to that, they had to compete in separate reserve leagues, with only teams in the Bayernliga and above being permitted to enter their reserve teams in league football.[4]

Landesligas since 2012[edit]

The Landesligas from 2012 onwards.

The Bavarian football federation decided on drastic changes to the league system from 2012 onwards. With the introduction of the Regionalliga Bayern from 2012–13, it placed two Bayernligas, north and south, below the new league as the new fifth tier of the German league system. Below those, five Landesligas instead of the existing three were set, which would be geographically divided to limit travel and increase the number of local derbies.[5]

The five new leagues were:[6]

The clubs in these leagues were made up from Landesliga clubs who failed to qualify for the Bayernliga, a set amount of Bezirksoberliga clubs and, through a promotion round, the Bezirksliga champions.[6]

League champions[edit]

Landesliga Bayern: 1945 to 1950[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up
1945–46 1. FC Bamberg Jahn Regensburg
1946-47 FC Wacker München FC Bayern Hof
1947-48 BC Augsburg 1. FC Bamberg
1948-49 Jahn Regensburg SpVgg Fürth
1949-50 1. FC Bamberg FC Bayern Hof

Landesligas from 1963 to 2012[edit]

Season Landesliga Süd Landesliga Mitte Landesliga Nord
1963-64 TSG Augsburg SpVgg Weiden FV Würzburg 04
1964-65 SpVgg Kaufbeuren 1. FC Nuremberg II FC Bayreuth
1965-66 MTV Ingolstadt SSV Jahn Regensburg SpVgg Hof
1966-67 FC Bayern Munich II ESV Nürnberg-West VfB Coburg
1967-68 SpVgg Kaufbeuren FC Passau FC Münchberg
1968-69 MTV Ingolstadt SpVgg Vohenstrauss FC Bayreuth
1969-70 FC Memmingen FC Herzogenaurach FV Würzburg 04
1970-71 SC Fürstenfeldbruck ASV Neumarkt FC Kronach
1971-72 BSC Sendling ASV Herzogenaurach FC Bayreuth
1972-73 FC Bayern Munich II TSV Roth VfB Coburg
1973-74 SpVgg Kaufbeuren ASV Neumarkt ATS Kulmbach
1974-75 VfR Neuburg FC Amberg 1. FC Bamberg
1975-76 TSV 1860 Rosenheim SpVgg Plattling 1. FC Haßfurt
1976-77 MTV Ingolstadt FC Herzogenaurach TSV Trebgast
1977-78 SB/DJK Rosenheim FC Vilshofen TSV Hirschaid
1978-79 TSV Ampfing FC Herzogenaurach VfB Helmbrechts
1979-80 SC Fürstenfeldbruck 1. FC Nuremberg II VfL Frohnlach
1980-81 SpVgg Unterhaching FC Vilshofen 1. FC Bamberg
1981-82 FC Wacker München TSV Straubing VfB Coburg
1982-83 TSV Eching SSV Jahn Regensburg FC Bayern Hof
1983-84 ESV Ingolstadt 1. FC Nuremberg II FC Schweinfurt 05
1984-85 SC Fürstenfeldbruck SpVgg Weiden SV Heidingsfeld
1985-86 TSV Großhadern FC Amberg FC Schweinfurt 05
1986-87 FC Wacker München TSV Vestenbergsgreuth FC Kronach
1987-88 SV Türk Gücü München SpVgg Weiden FC Bayern Hof
1988-89 SpVgg Starnberg SpVgg Plattling VfB Helmbrechts
1989-90 TSV Eching SSV Jahn Regensburg Kickers Würzburg
1990-91 TSV Schwaben Augsburg SpVgg Fürth SC 08 Bamberg
1991-92 SpVgg Starnberg FC Passau VfL Frohnlach
1992-93 Wacker Burghausen SpVgg Plattling VfB Helmbrechts
1993-94 SV Türk Gücü München Jahn Forchheim FC Bayern Hof
1994-95 TSV 1860 Rosenheim SG Quelle Fürth SC Weismain
1995-96 TSV 1860 Munich II SG Post/Süd Regensburg SpVgg Stegaurach
1996-97 TSV 1860 Rosenheim 1. SC Feucht Kickers Würzburg
1997-98 TSV Schwaben Augsburg SC 04 Schwabach SpVgg Bayreuth
1998-99 FC Kempten SSV Jahn Regensburg FV Würzburg 04
1999–2000 FC Ismaning ASV Neumarkt 1. FC Sand
2000-01 Falke Markt Schwaben SpVgg Greuther Fürth II SpVgg Bayreuth
2001-02 SC Fürstenfeldbruck SG Post/Süd Regensburg TSV Gerbrunn
2002-03 FC Memmingen SpVgg Landshut FV Würzburg 04
2003-04 MTV Ingolstadt 1. FC Bad Kötzting VfL Frohnlach
2004-05 Wacker Burghausen II SG Quelle Fürth FV Würzburg 04
2005-06 SV Heimstetten SpVgg Weiden SpVgg Bayern Hof
2006-07 FC Kempten SpVgg Ansbach FC Schweinfurt 05
2007-08 TSV Buchbach FSV Erlangen-Bruck VfL Frohnlach
2008-09 TSV 1860 Rosenheim SV Schalding-Heining SV Memmelsdorf
2009-10 SV Heimstetten Freier TuS Regensburg Würzburger FV
2010-11 SB/DJK Rosenheim SC Eltersdorf VfL Frohnlach
2011-12 Wacker Burghausen II SpVgg Landshut Kickers Würzburg

Five divisions: since 2012[edit]

Season Landesliga Nordost Landesliga Nordwest Landesliga Mitte Landesliga Südost Landesliga Südwest
2012–13 SpVgg SV Weiden SV Erlenbach TSV Bogen SV Pullach FC Pipinsried
2013–14 TSV Neudrossenfeld SpVgg Ansbach 1. FC Bad Kötzting TSV Dachau TSV Landsberg

Source:"The Bavarian Landesligas" (in German). Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 

League records 1963-2013[edit]

Landesligas from 1963 to 2012[edit]

The league records in regards to points, wins, loses and goals for the clubs in the league during the three division era are:

Record Team Season League Number
Most wins SpVgg Weiden 1987-88 Mitte 30
Least wins FC Passau 2006-07 Mitte 0
Most defeats Freier TuS Regensburg 2011-12 Mitte 33
Least defeats SpVgg Unterhaching 1980-81 Süd 1
FC Amberg 1974-75 Mitte
SpVgg Weiden 1987-88 Mitte
FC Passau 1991-92 Mitte
SpVgg Plattling 1992-93 Mitte
VfL Frohnlach 1979-80 Nord
VfL Frohnlach 2010-11 Nord
Most goals for SpVgg Greuther Fürth II 2000-01 Mitte 122
1. FC Sand 1999–2000 Nord
Least goals for FC Passau 2006-07 Mitte 16
Most goals against SC Weismain II 1999–2000 Nord 197
Least goals against SC 08 Bamberg 1990-91 Nord 14
Highest points (2 for a win) SpVgg Weiden 1987-88 Mitte 67
Lowest points (2 for a win) SpVgg Ruhmannsfelden 1989-90 Mitte 7
TSV Staffelstein 1969-70 Nord
Highest points (3 for a win) Würzburger FV 2002-03 Nord 90
Würzburger FV 2004-05 Nord
Würzburger FV 2009-10 Nord
FC Schweinfurt 05 2009-10 Nord
Lowest points (3 for a win) SC Weismain II 1999–2000 Nord 6

Landesligas since 2012[edit]

The league records in regards to points, wins, loses and goals for the clubs in the league since the start of the five division era in 2012, up to and including 2013–14, are:

Record Team Season League Number
Most wins SpVgg SV Weiden 2012–13 Nordost 33
Least wins FC Falke Markt Schwaben 2013–14 Südost 3
SV Garitz 2013–14 Nordwest
Most defeats 1. FC Oberhaid 2012–13 Nordwest 26
Least defeats SpVgg SV Weiden 2012–13 Nordost 1
Most goals for SpVgg SV Weiden 2012–13 Nordost 112
Least goals for 1. FC Oberhaid 2012–13 Nordwest 24
Most goals against FSV Erlangen-Bruck II 2012–13 Nordost 110
Least goals against SV Erlenbach 2012–13 Nordwest 26
ASV Burglengenfeld 2013–14 Mitte
Highest points (3 for a win) SpVgg SV Weiden 2012–13 Nordost 103
Lowest points (3 for a win) SV Garitz 2013–14 Nordwest 13

References[edit]

  1. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) page: 142, accessed: 17 April 2009
  2. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) page: 148, accessed: 17 April 2009
  3. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) page: 157, accessed: 17 April 2009
  4. ^ 50 Jahre Bayerischer Fussball-Verband, p. 28
  5. ^ Attraktive Gegner, regionale Einteilung, weniger Fahrtkosten (German) BFV website, published: 12 February 2011, accessed: 29 April 2011
  6. ^ a b Auf- und Abstiegsregelung der Bayernliga und der Landesligen für das Qualifikationsspieljahr 2011/2012 (German) Bavarian FA website - Regulations for promotion and relegation in 2012, accessed: 16 July 2011

Sources[edit]

  • Die Bayernliga 1945 - 1997, (German) published by the DSFS, 1998
  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • 50 Jahre Bayrischer Fussball-Verband (German) 50-year-anniversary book of the Bavarian FA, publisher: Vindelica Verlag, published: 1996

External links[edit]