Battle of Stresow

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Battle of Stresow
Part of the Great Northern War
Charles XII being carried away from the battle of Stresow after having suffered a bullet wound to his chest.
Charles XII being carried away from the battle of Stresow after having suffered a bullet wound to his chest.
Date November 8, 1715 (O.S.)
November 9, 1715 (Swedish calendar)
November 16, 1715 (N.S.)
Location Stresow, Swedish Pomerania
(present-day Putbus, Germany)
Result Coalition victory
Belligerents
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia
Denmark Denmark–Norway
Electorate of Saxony Electorate of Saxony
Commanders and leaders
Charles XII of Sweden Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau
Strength
2,000 men
8 artillery pieces[1]
11,500 men
26 artillery pieces[1]
Casualties and losses
500 killed, wounded and captured[1] 250 killed and wounded[1]

The successful Landing on Groß Stresow by Prussian, Danish and Saxon troops took place on 15 November 1715 on the island of Rügen, Germany during the Great Northern War. The landing was followed with cavalry assaults from the Swedish defences on the island, commanded by Charles XII king of Sweden who despite the huge numerical disadvantage of - one up against five - chose to attack the fortified camp. The Swedes managed to get past the "Cheval de frise" and break through, but was then rapidly repulsed and routed after taking heavy casualties.[2]

The battle had lasted for almost an hour, and Charles whom got his horse shot dead under him during the fight, later said: "Is there no god beside me?".[1] The attack was supposed to work like a needle-maneuver "concentrate the full attack at one point, break through and then destroy the defences from the inside" used by the Swedes fifteen years earlier in the battle of Narva, where they were greatly successful and victorious.[1]

About five hundred Swedes were either dead or wounded along with all their artillery captured.[3][1] The allied casualties were: 43 dead and 121 wounded Danes[4] 36 Saxons and 49 Prussians dead or wounded.[1] This was however, probably the first notable Swedish field-battle defeat led directly by Charles XII. With the landing secured the alliance continued fighting of the last remaining Swedes on the island of Rügen and later joined up with the troops laying siege to Stralsund.[1]

See also[edit]

  • Nils Krister von Baumgarten who gave his horse to Charles XII who had suffered a bullet wound to his chest which allowed the Swedish king to get away after his previous horse got shot and killed. Baumgarten was later appointed Colonel of "Adelsfanan" by Charles.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Curt Jany: Geschichte der Preußischen Armee - Vom 15. Jahrhundert bis 1914, Bd. 1, Biblio Verlag, P 640.
  2. ^ http://freespace.virgin.net/adam.ceefer/stresow.html
  3. ^ Larsson, Olle (ed) (2009). Stormaktens sista krig (in Swedish). Historiska Media. p. 270. ISBN 978-91-85873-59-3. 
  4. ^ Otto Vaupell, Den danske haers historie til nutiden og den norske haers historie indtil 1814. p. 519
  5. ^ Nils Krister von Baumgarten