Promotional picture of the Landmaster from Damnation Alley
|Place of origin||Studio City, California|
|Used by||film, television, & car shows|
|Unit cost||$ 350,000|
|Weight||23,000 lb (10,000 kg)|
|Length||35 feet (11 m)|
|Armor||3⁄8-inch (1 cm) steel plate|
|Engine||427-cubic-inch (7.00 L)|
|Ground clearance||2 feet (0.61 m)|
|Speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|
The Landmaster is a unique 12-wheeled amphibious articulated vehicle constructed by Dean Jeffries at Jeffries Automotive in Universal City, California for the 1977 science fiction film Damnation Alley. Despite the appearance of two Landmasters in the film (achieved with process photography and models), only one was built at a cost of $350,000 in 1976. ($1.4 million in 2010 dollars)
Popular Science described the Landmaster:
- Three independent drive sources running from a gasoline power plant. Uses semi truck parts in the drive train. Can operate with the front or rear wheel trinary out of commission. Side and top hatches on the main unit and rear and top on the after section. Full running lights and brake lights for urban street use. External video camera is mounted on the forward pylon located just behind the front top hatch. Could also house the antenna. All pylons are hardened and armored. Can operate in water and will remain sealed when fully submerged. Can float while half full of water.
While the film is fiction, the Landmaster vehicle itself is real. In the story, the Landmaster was designed to use as many standard truck parts as possible, so that any junkyard would have whatever was needed for repairs. The real Landmaster is powered by a 427-cubic-inch (7.00 L) Ford industrial engine, and uses the rear-ends of two big trucks and an Allison automatic truck transmission. It features a fully functional, custom-built "tri-star" wheel arrangement, which could actually help it crawl over boulders. All 12 wheels are driven, but only 8 are normally in contact with the road surface at any one time.
The vehicle was steered not by turning the front wheels, but by bending the middle section with hydraulic rams to effect a turn, similar to large construction equipment. The Landmaster's bodywork was made with 3⁄8-inch (1 cm) steel plating, which helped it tip the scales at over 10 tons. The design's strength allowed it to survive a 25-foot (7.6 m) jump during testing with no damage.
A staple of Southern California car culture for many years, the Landmaster was parked in full view next to Dean Jeffries' automotive shop on Cahuenga Boulevard in North Hollywood, California from 1977 to 2005.
The Landmaster was sold to a private owner in 2005 and was restored to its original condition as featured in Damnation Alley. The Landmaster was then on the show car circuit for several years. In 2007 it was featured at the San Francisco Rod & Custom Show at the Cow Palace in San Francisco, California as part of special exhibit with other notable movie and TV cars.
Some time in 2009, the Landmaster was vandalized while in storage. The damage is relatively minor, but repair and restoration is required again.
- The Morrow Project (1980) Role-playing game featuring the M.A.R.S. One; a lengthened Landmaster, with two sets of tri-star wheels per segment. The front was altered to resemble the Ark II, with which the Landmaster is often confused.
- Amoco Gas company commercial (1980s) with a "Mad Max" type character (The Road Warrior).
- "The Wild and the Young" (1986) music video by Quiet Riot.
- Highway to Heaven: "Merry Christmas From Grandpa" (1989) TV episode.
- Get A Life: "Paperboy 2000" (1990) TV episode.
- A.P.E.X. (1994) time travel movie.
- Hybrid (1997) post-apocalyptic movie.
- Dino Island – pre-ride video at the Sony MovieGlide Theatre.
- Shin Megami Tensei: Strange Journey (2009) Video game with a deviated version.
- Star Fox 64 (1997) Landmasters are vehicles in Star Fox (series).
- Battle Angel Alita: Last Order (2001) Manga author paid some respect by creating his own version in chapter 1 and 2
- McComb, Gordon; J. Steven York. "Automotive Fantasies—And The Men Who Make Them". Science & Mechanics (unknown): 66–67.
- "Inflation Calculator". DollarTimes.
- Scagnetti, Jack (1977-03). "Monster vehicle to star in movie". Popular Science (March, 1977): 83.
- "CB Supercar: The Incredible Landmaster". CB Guide (unknown): 12–15.
- Landmaster picture from its recent showing.
- 2007 San Francisco Rod, Custom and Motorcycle Show Event Guide
- Quiet Riot (July 1986). Quiet Riot - the Wild and the Young. YouTube.
- Landon, Michael (director) (August 1989). Merry Christmas From Grandpa (4). YouTube.
- Baldwin, Peter (director) (November 1990). Get a Life - S1E06 - Paperboy 2000 - Part 3/3. YouTube.
- Roth, Phillip J. (director) (1994). A.P.E.X 2/7. YouTube.
- Ray, Fred Olen (director) (1997). "Hybrid". IMDb.
- Stokes, Trey (January 4, 2002). "Dino Island". Motion Simulators. The Truly Dangerous Company. Archived from the original on 2009-04-19.
- Hallock, Richard (2003-04-15). "Damnation Ally: Landmaster Web Page". Snowcrest.net/fox.
- Dreddmanz13 (December 30, 2006). "Landmaster for Trainz". YouTube.
- Rosloot, Hans (2008-05-11). "Landmaster". AmphibiousVehicle.net.
- Youtube video of the Hawkwind song 'Damnation Alley' with video of the Landmaster from the movie