Landscape park (protected area)

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Wetlands alongside the Morava River in Záhorie Protected Landscape Area (Slovakia).

A landscape park (Czech: chráněná krajinná oblast, abbreviated as CHKO; Slovak: Chránená krajinná oblasť, abbreviated as CHKO; Polish: Park Krajobrazowy; Slovene: krajinski park; Ukrainian: регіона́льний ландша́фтний (пейзажний) па́рк, appreviated as РЛП) is a type of protected area in Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine and Slovenia. It is of lower status than a National Park and with less stringent restrictions on development and economic use (usually IUCN Category V).

Landscape parks are environment-protected recreational institutions of local or regional status that are created with the goal of conservation in natural state typical or unique natural complexes and objects as well as providing the conditions for organized recreation for the population.

Landscape parks are organized with withdrawal or without withdrawal of land plots, water, and other natural objects from their owners or users.

In the event when the withdrawal of land plots, water, and other natural objects is necessary for the needs of the regional landscape parks, it is conducted in order established by the legislation of the specific country.

Landscape parks relies the implementation of such objectives:

  • conservation of valuable natural and historical-cultural complexes and objects;
  • creating conditions for effective tourism, recreation, and other types of outdoor activities in natural conditions in compliance with the regime of protection of preserved natural complexes and objects;
  • promoting environmental education work.

Czech Republic[edit]

Border mark of the Moravian Karst Protected Landscape Park (Czech Republic)

Protected Landscape Area (Czech: chráněná krajinná oblast, abbreviated as CHKO) is a large area of harmonic landscape with a typical relief, with a considerable share of natural forest and permanent grassy ecosystems, there can also be preserved human settlement monuments (such as log cabins etc.). As of 2007 there were 25 landscape protected areas in the Czech Republic of approximately 10,500 square kilometres (4,000 sq mi). See Protected Landscape Parks of the Czech Republic.

Poland[edit]

Map of selected large-scale landscape parks in Poland marked in yellow (green, are the national parks.

According to the Act on Protection of Nature (Ustawa o ochronie przyrody) of 2004, a Landscape Park is defined as "an area protected because of its natural, historical, cultural and scenic values, for the purpose of conserving and popularizing those values in conditions of balanced development."[1]

Decisions on the creation, liquidation and boundaries of Landscape Parks are taken by resolution of the provincial assembly (voivodeship sejmik).[2] A decision to create a Landscape Park must be preceded by consultation with the council of any relevant gmina (municipality) and with the Regional Director of Nature Protection.[1] A buffer zone (otulina) may be designated in addition to the area of the Park itself.

As at 1 January 2008 there are 121 designated Landscape Parks throughout Poland, covering a total area of approximately 25,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi). For a listing, see list of Landscape Parks of Poland.

Slovakia[edit]

There are 14 Protected Landscape Areas in Slovakia (in 2013). Protected Landscape Area (PLA) is in Slovakia a larger area, usually more than 1,000 ha, with fragmented ecosystems which are significant for the conservation of biological diversity and ecological stability, with characteristic landscape features, or with specific forms of historical settlements. This represents a second level of protection with a status lower than National Parks have. There are tourist pathways that man can use for hiking or walks. Educational paths are surrounded by tourist signs with various information about the "CHKO" and nature. Protected Landscape Areas in Slovakia cover the area of 610 869 hectars what is about 12.46% of the whole territory of the Slovak Republic.

Ukraine[edit]

In Ukraine Regional landscape parks are environment-protected recreational institutions of local or regional status that are created with the goal of conservation in natural state typical or unique natural complexes and objects as well as providing the conditions for organized recreation for the population. Regional landscape parks are organized with withdrawal or without withdrawal of land plots, water, and other natural objects from their owners or users. In the event when the withdrawal of land plots, water, and other natural objects is necessary for the needs of the regional landscape parks, it is conducted in order established by the legislation of Ukraine.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kancelaria Sejmu (April 16, 2004), Act on Protection of Nature (USTAWA z dnia 16 kwietnia 2004 r. o ochronie przyrody) See: Article 16 (1). PDF file, direct download 329 KB. Internet Archive. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  2. ^ Before June 2009 Landscape Parks were created by decision of the provincial governor (voivode); this was changed in an Act of Parliament of 2009 which amended a number of other Acts.