Landships Committee

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The Landships Committee was a small British committee formed during the First World War to develop armoured fighting vehicles for use on the Western Front. The eventual outcome was the creation of what is now called the tank. Established in February 1915 by First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill, the Landships Committee was composed mainly of naval officers, politicians and engineers.[1]

The committee was chaired by Eustace Tennyson d’Eyncourt, Director of Naval Construction at the Admiralty.

Formation[edit]

The committee was formed at Churchill's request in February 1915. It started with only three: d’Eyncourt, as chairman, Thomas Hetherington and Col Wilfred Dumble of the Naval Brigade. Hetherington had proposed a large wheeled landship, estimated to weigh some 300 tons. A former Royal Engineer, Dumble had managed the London Omnibus Co. and been brought back to service in response to the urgent need for transport by the Royal Naval Division in Antwerp - he had been an adjutant to Colonel Crompton who was trying to develop cross-country vehicles for the Army.[2] Dumble recommended Crompton to the committee as an expert on heavy traction. The committee's activities were concealed from Kitchener at the War Office, the Board of the Admiralty and the Treasury - all of whom were expected to block the project.[2]

Tank development[edit]

The Committee conducted a number of trials with various wheeled and tracked vehicles, and work was in progress on a prototype vehicle when in July 1915 the War Office became aware of the Committee's existence. This led to its operations being taken over by the Army and a number of its members transferring from the Navy. From December, 1915 the word "tank" was adopted as a codename for the vehicles in development, and the Landships Committee became known officially as the Tank Supply Committee.

See also[edit]

Little Willie

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Miles 1938, p. 247.
  2. ^ a b Miles 1938, pp. 248.

References[edit]

  • Miles, W. (1938). Military Operations, France and Belgium, 1916. 2nd July 1916 to the end of the battles of the Somme (IWM & Battery Press 1992 ed.). London: HMSO. ISBN 0-90162-776-3. 
  • Encyclopædia Britannica. Admiralty Landships Committee. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  • Fletcher, David; Harley, Dick. Tankette, Volume 15, Issue 6.
  • Glanfield, John. The Devil's Chariots, 2001.
  • Stern, Albert. Albert Stern Papers, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College London.
  • Sueter, Murray. The Evolution of the Tank, 1937.

Further reading[edit]