Landshut Castle

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Landshut Castle
Schloss Landshut
Utzenstorf
SchlossLandshut.jpg
Landshut Castle
Landshut Castle is located in Switzerland
Landshut Castle
Landshut Castle
Site information
Owner Schweizer Museum für Wild und Jagd
Open to
the public
yes
Site history
Built 12th century
Built by Dukes of Zähringen
Battles/wars Gümmenenkrieg (1332)

Landshut Castle is a castle in the municipality of Utzenstorf of the Canton of Bern in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[1]

History[edit]

Stuffed bear in the museum

Under the Kingdom of Burgundy, the county of Uranestorfus was first mentioned in a record from 1009. The county stretched from the Seeland to the Oberaargau. While there may have been an earlier Burgandian castle, Landshut Castle was probably built in the second half of the 12th century for the Dukes of Zähringen. It was the seat of the Lords of Uzansdorf who ruled from 1175 until 1323. Under the Dukes, Landshut Castle was the administrative center of the Amt or township of Utzenstorf. When the Zähringen line died out, the Amt was inherited by the Counts of Kyburg.[2][3]

Under the Counts of Kyburg, the castle was expanded and renovated in the 12th century. It was first called Landeshuothe in 1253. During the Gümmenenkrieg in 1332, the castle was attacked by troops from Bern and Solothurn and destroyed. It was rebuilt shortly thereafter. At the end of the 14th century, the Kyburgs were forced to pawn the castle and the Amt. It was acquired by Rudolf von Ringoltingen from Bern, who combined several estates into the Amt. In 1479 Ludwig von Diesbach inherited the estate from the Ringoltingen family. However, in 1514 the city of Bern bought the castle and Amt from the Diesbachs. Under Bernese rule, the castle became the center of the bailiwick of Landshut.[3]

In 1624-30 the castle was rebuilt on the old foundations. In 1812 the city of Bern sold the castle and estates to Rudolf Niklaus von Wattenwyl. Over the next three years it was rebuilt into a country estate. The Wattenwyl family held the castle until 1846, when it was sold to the Sinner family. Almost half a century later, the castle was sold again. It passed through several owners until 1925 when the Rütimeyer in Alexandria family bought the estate. They held it until 1958 when it was sold back to the Canton of Bern. In 1988 a foundation acquired the castle, redecorated it to match the style of the 17th century and converted part of it into a museum. Today it is the home of the Schweizer Museum für Wild und Jagd (Swiss museum of Wildlife and Hunting).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Utzenstorf in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c Landshut in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.