|District||Ústí nad Orlicí|
|Elevation||373 m (1,224 ft)|
|Area||20.64 km2 (7.97 sq mi)|
|Density||480 / km2 (1,243 / sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||563 01|
|Wikimedia Commons: Lanškroun|
Lanškroun (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlanʃkrou̯n]; German: Landskron), also known as Lanskron, Lanscron, Landeskrone, and Kronland, is a town and municipality in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. On the border between the former provinces of Bohemia and Moravia, it had a population of 9,911 (2006).
|This section requires expansion. (December 2012)|
The town was founded in the 13th century as the center of the estate of Lanškroun and Lanšperk. Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the LANDSKRON IN BÖHMEN district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia. Then it became part of the Czechoslovakia and in 1938 it was occupied by German troops according to Munich Agreement. On May 9, 1945, at the day of the end of World War II in Europe, Soviet troops entered the city. On May 17, 1945, Czech partisan units held court in Landskron, and many Germans were tortured to death.
Until the expulsion of most German speaking population from the Czechoslovakia in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees), the majority of population of the town was German: in 1930, there were 6497 inhabitants and among these 83% were German and 17% Czech. By now, most of the inhabitants are Czech people.
List of people from Lanškroun 
- Jan Marek Marci (1595–1667), doctor and scientist
- Leo Herrmann (1888-1951), Secretary General of Keren Hayesod, the United Jewish Appeal, 1921-1951, died Jerusalem
- Jan Smejkal (born 1946), International Grandmaster chess player
- Roman Šebrle (born 1974), former world record holder in decathlon
International relations 
Twin towns — Sister cities 
Lanškroun is twinned with:
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
- "Oficiálne stránky mesta Kežmarok". kezmarok.sk. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
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