|District||Ústí nad Orlicí|
|Elevation||373 m (1,224 ft)|
|Area||20.64 km2 (7.97 sq mi)|
|Density||4,905 / km2 (12,704 / sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||563 01|
|Wikimedia Commons: Lanškroun|
Lanškroun (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlanʃkrou̯n]; German: Landskron), also known as Lanskron, Lanscron, Landeskrone, and Kronland, is a town and municipality in the Ústí nad Orlicí District, Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. On the border between the former provinces of Bohemia and Moravia, it had a population of 9,911 (2006).
|This section requires expansion. (December 2012)|
The town was founded in the 13th century as the center of the estate of Lanškroun and Lanšperk. Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austrian side after the compromise of 1867), head of the LANDSKRON IN BÖHMEN district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia. After 1919 it became part of Czechoslovakia. In 1938 it was occupied by German troops as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, according to the Munich Agreement.
On May 9, 1945, the day of the end of World War II in Europe, Soviet troops entered the city. On May 17, 1945, Czech partisan units held court in Landskron, and many Germans were tortured to death.
Until the expulsion of most of the German-speaking population from the Czechoslovakia in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees), the majority of population of the town had been German: in 1930, there were 6497 inhabitants and among these 83% were German and 17% Czech. By now, most of the inhabitants are Czech people.
List of people from Lanškroun
- Jan Marek Marci (1595–1667), physician and scientist
- Jan Smejkal (born 1946), International Grandmaster chess player
- Roman Šebrle (born 1974), former world record holder in decathlon
- Leo Herrmann (1888-1951), first Secretary General, Keren Hayesod, Palestine Foundation Fund that became United Jewish Appeal, died Jerusalem, Israel
Twin towns — Sister cities
Lanškroun is twinned with:
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
- "Oficiálne stránky mesta Kežmarok". kezmarok.sk. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
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