Langeland

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For other uses, see Langeland (disambiguation).
Langeland
Rudkøbing - Gåsetorvet ved Brogade.JPG
Rudkøbing, Langeland
Location map Langeland.svg
Geography
Location Great Belt
Coordinates 54°55′N 10°45′E / 54.917°N 10.750°E / 54.917; 10.750Coordinates: 54°55′N 10°45′E / 54.917°N 10.750°E / 54.917; 10.750
Area 284 km2 (110 sq mi)
Country
Region South Denmark Region
Municipality Langeland Municipality
Largest city Rudkøbing (pop. 4.658)
Demographics
Population 13,277 (as of 2010)
Density 46.7 /km2 (121 /sq mi)

Langeland is a Danish island located between the Great Belt and Bay of Kiel. The island measures 285 km2 (c. 110 square miles) and, as of 1 January 2010, has a population of 13,277.[1] The island produces grain and is known as a recreational area. A bridge connects it to Tåsinge via Siø - a small island with a population of approx. 20 - and the main island of Funen (to the northwest). There are connections by car ferry to the islands of Lolland, Ærø, and Strynø.

Rudkøbing, the island's largest town, is the birthplace of famous physicist and chemist Hans Christian Ørsted, his brother, Anders Sandøe Ørsted, a former Danish prime minister, and their nephew, botanist Anders Sandøe Ørsted.

Administratively, the island is also a municipality (Langeland municipality).

Role in the Larne gun-running[edit]

On 30 March 1914, the vessel SS Fanny docked at Langeland and proceeded to be loaded with a "mysterious" cargo.[2] This cargo turned out to be a weapons cache including 11,000 Männlicher rifles brought from the Steyr works in Austria; 9,000 ex-German army Mausers; 4,600 Italian Vetterli-Vitali rifles; and 5 million rounds of ammunition in clips of five.[2] The cache had been purchased by Major Frederick Hugh Crawford for the Ulster Unionist Council to equip the Ulster Volunteer Force in Ireland.[2][3]

Danish customs officials suspected that the cargo might have contained weapons to arm militant Icelandic home rulers who sought independence from Denmark. However the SS Fanny cut loose, escaped in a gale and sailed out of Danish territorial waters.[2]

The weapons cache would later land in Larne on the north-east coast of Ireland in what became known as the Larne gun-running.[2][3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Danmarks Statistik." Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e Jonathan Bardon, A History of Ulster, published by The Black Staff Press, ISBN 0-85640-764-X
  3. ^ a b S. J. Connolly, Oxford Companion to Irish History, published by Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-923483-7

External links[edit]