Bad Langensalza

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Bad Langensalza
in the historical center of Bad Langensalza
in the historical center of Bad Langensalza
Coat of arms of Bad Langensalza
Coat of arms
Bad Langensalza   is located in Germany
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza
Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E / 51.10806; 10.64667Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E / 51.10806; 10.64667
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Bernhard Schönau (FDP)
Area
 • Total 123.11 km2 (47.53 sq mi)
Elevation 202 m (663 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 17,577
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 99941–99947
Dialling codes 03603
Vehicle registration UH
Website www.bad-langensalza.de

Bad Langensalza (until 1956: Langensalza) is a city in the County of Unstrut-Hainich, Thuringia, Germany, with a population of c. 18,500 (2006).

History[edit]

It was first mentioned in historical records ca. 932, as a village named "Salzaha". The city name was changed to Langensalza ca. 1578, and "Bad" or "Bath" was added to the city name in 1956.

In 1075, Langensalza was the site of a battle, in which Emperor Henry IV won over the rebelling Saxons and Thuringians.

The city was plundered and damaged by fires during the Thirty Years' War (c. 1632). Fires again destroyed large parts of the city in 1711, including complete destruction of the city hall. The city hall was rebuilt between 1742-1752.

War again affected the city during 1756-1763, during the Seven Years' War; it was the scene of a battle in February 1761. In 1815 Langensalza became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony. In 1866 it was again the site of a battle between Prussia and Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War.[2]

American troops occupied the city in 1945.

Main sights[edit]

Langensalza is something of a tourist spot, with picturesque ruins of a medieval castle, and sulphur baths nearby.

The sulphur baths were discovered in 1811, and opened to the public as a curative bath in 1812. A new version of the public sulphur bath was opened in 1928. Salt and mineral water springs were discovered in 1996, which prompted the opening of many new curative facilities.

Bad Langensalza contains a botanical garden, the Botanischer Garten in Bad Langensalza which opened in 2002, and also borders National Park Hanich, founded in 1999.

International relations[edit]

Bad Langensalza is twinned with:

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften nach Geschlecht in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). 13 July 2013. 
  2. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Langensalza". Encyclopædia Britannica 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 174. 

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]