Langfang

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For other uses, see Langfang (disambiguation).
Langfang
廊坊市
Prefecture-level city
Langfang 2009.jpg
Location of Langfang City jurisdiction in Hebei
Location of Langfang City jurisdiction in Hebei
Langfang is located in Hebei
Langfang
Langfang
Location of the city centre in Hebei
Coordinates: 39°31′N 116°42′E / 39.517°N 116.700°E / 39.517; 116.700Coordinates: 39°31′N 116°42′E / 39.517°N 116.700°E / 39.517; 116.700
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 6,429 km2 (2,482 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,850,000
 • Metro 763,700
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
License Plate Prefix R
Website lf.gov.cn

Langfang (Chinese: 廊坊; pinyin: Lángfáng), is a prefecture-level city of Hebei province, located approximately midway between Beijing and Tianjin with a total population of 3.85 million and an urban area population of 763,700. Its total area is around 6,429 km2 (2,482 sq mi). Langfang borders Baoding to the southwest, Cangzhou to the south (both prefecture-level cities of Hebei), Beijing to the north and Tianjin to the east. It is the smallest prefecture-level city of Hebei by land area.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Langfang consists of 2 county-level districts, 2 county-level cities, 5 counties, 1 autonomous county, and one economic development district (开发区).

Map # Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2004 est.)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Langfang mcp.png
1 Anci District 安次区 Āncì Qū 350,000 595 588
2 Guangyang District 广阳区 Guǎngyáng Qū 410,000 313 1,310
3 Bazhou City 霸州市 Bàzhōu Shì 570,000 784 727
4 Sanhe City 三河市 Sānhé Shì 480,000 643 747
5 Gu'an County 固安县 Gù'ān Xiàn 390,000 697 560
6 Yongqing County 永清县 Yǒngqīng Xiàn 370,000 774 478
7 Xianghe County 香河县 Xiānghé Xiàn 310,000 458 677
8 Dacheng County 大城县 Dàchéng Xiàn 460,000 910 505
9 Wen'an County 文安县 Wén'ān Xiàn 460,000 980 769
10 Dachang Hui
Autonomous County
大厂回族自治县 Dàchǎng Huízú
Zìzhìxiàn
110,000 176 625

Development district:

Geography[edit]

Considering Langfang's position between these two prominent cities, Langfang is a relatively green city. Every 300 to 500 m (980 to 1,640 ft) along the city's major streets are parks where local people stroll and take exercise. Langfang's five-kilometer long pedestrian street is now the longest in China.[citation needed]

Sanhe Exclave[edit]

The Sanhe exclave, separated from the rest of the province, is a part of Langfang City. The exclave comprises Sanhe City, Xianghe County, and Dachang Hui Autonomous County and is located between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin.

History[edit]

On June 26, 1900, during the Boxer Movement, belligerent European forces heading towards Beijing were stopped by Boxers at the Battle of Langfang, and were defeated and forced to turn back to Tianjin. The Chinese forces were victorious.[1]

It was the site of another battle during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Economy[edit]

Langfang's economy is developing with an emphasis on computers and technology, such that some have dubbed it "China’s Silicon Valley." One recent development is the Oriental University City (东方大学城). Having begun construction in October 1999, the complex was built in less than 3 years at a 4-billion yuan investment, and some 30 universities have been established here with a combined enrollment of about 50,000 students.

Development Zone[edit]

  • Langfang Export Processing Zone

The Langfang Export Processing Zone (Langfang EPZ) was established by the State Council in 2005. It has a planned area of 0.5 km2 and commenced operation in October 2008. It is the only state-level development zone in Langfang. Langfang EPZ is located in the Langfang Economic and Technical Development Zone (Langfang ETDZ), which is a province-level development zone. It is 38 km (24 mi) from Beijing's third ring-road, and 50 km (31 mi) from down-town Tianjin. It is 60 km (37 mi) from Beijing Capital International Airport, and 70 km (43 mi) from Tianjin Binhai International Airport, airports which are China's first and twelfth largest airports in terms of cargo transport, respectively. The nation's fourth largest seaport, Tianjin Port, is 105 km (65 mi) from Langfang EPZ.[2]

Transport[edit]

Langfang does not have a land port or airport, but is only a one-hour drive from Beijing Capital International Airport and the Tianjin New Port. Langfang Railway Station is situated on the Beijing–Harbin Railway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul A. Cohen (1997). History in three keys: the boxers as event, experience, and myth. Columbia University Press. p. 49. ISBN 0-231-10651-3. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  2. ^ RightSite.asia | Langfang Export Processing Zone

External links[edit]