Langley, British Columbia (city)

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City of Langley
Langley City Hall
Langley City Hall
Flag of City of Langley
Flag
Coat of arms of City of Langley
Coat of arms
Motto: "Strength of Purpose, Spirit of Community"
Location of Langley in British Columbia
Location of Langley in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°06′14″N 122°39′24″W / 49.10389°N 122.65667°W / 49.10389; -122.65667
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Region Lower Mainland
Regional district Metro Vancouver
Incorporated March 15, 1955
Government
 • Governing body Langley City Council
 • Mayor Peter Fassbender
 • Councillors Jack Arnold
Dave Hall
Teri James
Gayle Martin
Rudy Storteboom
Rosemary Wallace
 • MP Mark Warawa (Cons.)
 • MLA Mary Polak (Lib.)
Area
 • City 10.22 km2 (3.95 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 25,081
 • Density 2,454.6/km2 (6,357/sq mi)
 • Metro 104,177
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
Postal code V1M - V4W
Area code(s) 604
Website City of Langley

The City of Langley is a municipality in Metro Vancouver. It lies directly east of the City of Surrey, adjacent to Cloverdale, and surrounded on the north, east and south by Township of Langley.

History[edit]

Early European settlement in the area was known as "Innes Corners" (after homesteader Adam Innes); in 1911, the area became known as "Langley Prairie", part of the Township of Langley a.k.a. Langley Township since 1873. Owing to its more urban development and related needs (such as street lights), the City of Langley decided to separate and incorporate as a separate municipality on March 15, 1955.[1]

City Plan[edit]

Aerial View of Langley City in 1959

Road Network[edit]

Langley City follows the same block system as its neighbouring Township of Langley as well as other Districts in the Fraser Valley, where Streets run North-South, and Avenues run East-West.

Development Barriers[edit]

Many natural and artificial barriers prevent Langley City from following a complete tidy grid:

  • The land governed by the City is not a rectangle but an uneven shape with "cut-out" corners.
  • Fraser Highway intersects the City at an approximate 45 degree angle North West to South East, mirrored by Glover Road which enters the city North East to South West.
  • The Nicomekl River flows through the middle of the city East to West.
  • Railroad tracks run across the north of the City.

This has affected development in a number of ways, for example the Langley Bypass turns 45 degrees in the North-West, tracing the boundary outline since it was constructed by the City and could not go over the boundary into the Langley Township. Many streets come to an abrupt halt when reaching the river and continue on the other side without a connecting bridge. Roads such as Douglas Crescent, Logan Avenue, and Eastleigh Crescent parallel the 45 degree angles of Fraser Highway and Glover Road, almost proposing an alternative grid at an angle which conflicts with the grid in place. Even Grade Crescent, which is much further south than these roads, follows this same angle, demonstrating the impact Fraser Highway had on the development of Langley.

One-way section of Fraser Highway

Downtown[edit]

Langley City's Downtown was developed around Old Yale Road, which later on became Fraser Highway. Until 1964, Fraser Highway was part of the Trans-Canada Highway network - this major route attracted many businesses to the area.[1]

Today, with the Trans-Canada Highway now in the north of the Langley Township, the downtown is more pedestrian oriented. Where Fraser Highway goes through the downtown it is reduced to a single lane of traffic in one direction to limit traffic flow. This stretch is often affectionately referred to by residents as "The One-Way" and is lined with restaurants and shops either side, making it a popular retail centre in the city. Douglas Park is also near this area in the downtown, and is seen as main park in the city, frequently being used for events and shows.

McBurney Plaza in Downtown Langley

In Summer 2013, McBurney Plaza opened to the public replacing McBurney Lane (previously used as a parking lot).[2] This area connects Fraser Highway and Douglas Park with a pedestrian boulevard, providing outdoor space for cafes and a space the city can use for street performance and other civic events.

Just outside of this downtown centre are strip malls and a number of low rise apartment buildings. Most detached housing remains outside the downtown area.

Parks[edit]

Douglas Park in Downtown Langley

Douglas Park[edit]

Douglas Park is the main park in the City of Langley for events, festivals and other civic activities. Featuring a permanent stage, the park is equipped for live performance of music, theatre and other arts.

The park additionally has an adventure playground, two tennis courts, a water park (seasonal), bowling green, sports box, basketball hoops and public washrooms. Douglas Recreation Centre, situated in the park, offers many programs for the citizens of Langley and is also available for rentals such as wedding receptions or banquets and other events.[3]

Sports[edit]

The Langley Rams represent in the Canadian Junior Football League.

The Vancouver Stealth are a member of the National Lacrosse League. The team is based at the Langley Events Centre.

A local Little League baseball team represented Canada in the 2011 Little League World Series in Williamsport, PA.

Brett Lawrie, third baseman for the Toronto Blue Jays is from Langley, as is professional cyclist Svein Tuft of the Greenedge Cycling Team.

The Langley Thunder are a Senior A team in the Western Lacrosse Association, part of the Canadian Lacrosse Association.

Education[edit]

The City of Langley is home to six Elementary schools and one Middle school, H. D. Stafford Middle School. Five major high schools are located in the surrounding area; Brookswood Secondary School, Langley Secondary School, D. W. Poppy Secondary School, Walnut Grove Secondary School, & R. E. Mountain Secondary School. They are located in the Township of Langley.

Transportation[edit]

The City of Langley is served by The South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority (Also known as Translink). Translink operates the regional transportation network and is also the regional transportation authority. Langley is served by 7 Regular bus routes, and 5 "Community Shuttle" routes operating smaller capacity mini buses. The Fraser highway is one of the major east-west corridors servicing the City of Langley and the Township of Langley. The 502 bus route operates on a 15 minute headway (7–10 minutes during rush hour) from the Surrey Central Station in north Surrey to the Langley Centre bus loop in the City of Langley via Fraser Highway, with every 2nd departure continuing through the Township of Langley to Aldergrove. The other major routes include the 320 Surrey Central Station (via Cloverdale), 341 Guildford (via Cloverdale, & Newton), the 364 Scottsdale (via 64th avenue), the 501/590 Surrey Central Station (via 200th, Walnut Grove, during morning rush hour the route originates in Brookswood as the 590, and runs express past Guildford Exchange. In the PM rush hour, there is a bus every 15 minutes from Surrey Central, where every other bus is a 590 to langley south, and the alternate is a 501 going only as far as Walnut Grove.), and then there's the 595 to Maple Ridge, the bus runs express limited stop service along 200th street, and across the Golden Ears Bridge.

Arts and culture[edit]

Street banners in Langley's commercial district

Langley is the home of a very large annual car show, the "Langley Cruise-In".[4] This event is held each September. Langley is also home to the Arts Alive Festival in August, and the Langley Ukulele Ensemble.

Government[edit]

Langley City Council has seats for one mayor and six councilors. Each serves a 3-year term and attends council meetings on a bi-weekly basis. Other governmental departments include the Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, Corporate Services, Development Services & Economic Development, Engineering, Parks & Environment, Recreation, Culture and Community Services, and the Langley City Fire Rescue Service. The City of Langley has a joint RCMP detachment with the township of Langley.

Langley is also a key component in the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, which was formed in 2004. The Member of Parliament for the constituency is Conservative Mark Warawa.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Langley
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
18.5
(65.3)
20
(68)
24.4
(75.9)
34
(93)
32.2
(90)
35.6
(96.1)
36.1
(97)
33.3
(91.9)
27.5
(81.5)
19
(66)
16.1
(61)
36.1
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 5
(41)
7.6
(45.7)
10.5
(50.9)
13.3
(55.9)
16.8
(62.2)
19.3
(66.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.8
(73)
19.6
(67.3)
14.1
(57.4)
8.1
(46.6)
5.3
(41.5)
13.7
(56.7)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
1.2
(34.2)
2.2
(36)
3.8
(38.8)
6.7
(44.1)
9.2
(48.6)
10.8
(51.4)
11.1
(52)
8.8
(47.8)
5.6
(42.1)
2.1
(35.8)
0.1
(32.2)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F) −14
(7)
−12
(10)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.8
(27)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7
(19)
−16
(3)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−19.4
(−2.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 176
(6.93)
172.1
(6.776)
135.2
(5.323)
102.7
(4.043)
82.8
(3.26)
72.9
(2.87)
52.7
(2.075)
56.4
(2.22)
76.4
(3.008)
141
(5.55)
207.5
(8.169)
211.3
(8.319)
1,486.9
(58.539)
Source: Environment Canada[5]

Demographics[edit]

Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[6]
South Asian 250 1.1%
Chinese 545 2.3%
Black 260 1.1%
Filipino 360 1.5%
Latin American 255 1.1%
Arab 0 0%
Southeast Asian 205 0.9%
West Asian 40 0.2%
Korean 480 2.1%
Japanese 90 0.4%
Other visible minority 20 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 55 0.2%
Total visible minority population 2,565 11%
Aboriginal group
Source:[7]
First Nations 405 1.7%
Métis 425 1.8%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 850 3.6%
White 19,920 85.4%
Total population 23,335 100%

Infrastructure[edit]

Langley's community facilities include:

  • Al Anderson Memorial – 25 metre public swimming pool
  • Douglas Recreation Centre
  • Langley Library
  • Cascades Casino, Coast Hotel & Convention Centre
  • Numerous parks

Neighbourhoods[edit]

The City of Langley's Community Profile[8] identifies six neighbourhoods based on elementary school catchment area: Nicomekl, Douglas, Simonds, Blacklock, Alice Brown and Uplands.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b City of Langley. History of Langley
  2. ^ Lane Storyboards
  3. ^ City of Langley Parks and Trails Website
  4. ^ Langley Cruise-In
  5. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed July 10, 2009
  6. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  7. ^ [2], Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
  8. ^ City of Langley Community Profile
  • From Prairie to City: A History of the City of Langley, Warren F. Sommer, 1995.

Neighbouring communities[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°06′15″N 122°39′27″W / 49.1041°N 122.65758°W / 49.1041; -122.65758