Langley, British Columbia (city)
|City of Langley|
|Motto: "Strength of Purpose, Spirit of Community"|
|Regional district||Metro Vancouver|
|Incorporated||March 15, 1955|
|• Governing body||Langley City Council|
|• Mayor||Peter Fassbender|
|• Councillors||Jack Arnold
|• MP||Mark Warawa (Cons.)|
|• MLA||Mary Polak (Lib.)|
|• City||10.22 km2 (3.95 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||2,454.6/km2 (6,357/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|Postal code||V1M - V4W|
|Website||City of Langley|
- 1 History
- 2 City Plan
- 3 Sports
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Arts and culture
- 7 Government
- 8 Climate
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Infrastructure
- 11 Neighbourhoods
- 12 Notable people
- 13 References
- 14 Neighbouring communities
- 15 External links
Early European settlement in the area was known as "Innes Corners" (after homesteader Adam Innes); in 1911, the area became known as "Langley Prairie", part of the Township of Langley a.k.a. Langley Township since 1873. Owing to its more urban development and related needs (such as street lights), the City of Langley decided to separate and incorporate as a separate municipality on March 15, 1955.
Langley City follows the same block system as its neighbouring Township of Langley as well as other Districts in the Fraser Valley, where Streets run North-South, and Avenues run East-West.
Many natural and artificial barriers prevent Langley City from following a complete tidy grid:
- The land governed by the City is not a rectangle but an uneven shape with "cut-out" corners.
- Fraser Highway intersects the City at an approximate 45 degree angle North West to South East, mirrored by Glover Road which enters the city North East to South West.
- The Nicomekl River flows through the middle of the city East to West.
- Railroad tracks run across the north of the City.
This has affected development in a number of ways, for example the Langley Bypass turns 45 degrees in the North-West, tracing the boundary outline since it was constructed by the City and could not go over the boundary into the Langley Township. Many streets come to an abrupt halt when reaching the river and continue on the other side without a connecting bridge. Roads such as Douglas Crescent, Logan Avenue, and Eastleigh Crescent parallel the 45 degree angles of Fraser Highway and Glover Road, almost proposing an alternative grid at an angle which conflicts with the grid in place. Even Grade Crescent, which is much further south than these roads, follows this same angle, demonstrating the impact Fraser Highway had on the development of Langley.
Langley City's Downtown was developed around Old Yale Road, which later on became Fraser Highway. Until 1964, Fraser Highway was part of the Trans-Canada Highway network - this major route attracted many businesses to the area.
Today, with the Trans-Canada Highway now in the north of the Langley Township, the downtown is more pedestrian oriented. Where Fraser Highway goes through the downtown it is reduced to a single lane of traffic in one direction to limit traffic flow. This stretch is often affectionately referred to by residents as "The One-Way" and is lined with restaurants and shops either side, making it a popular retail centre in the city. Douglas Park is also near this area in the downtown, and is seen as main park in the city, frequently being used for events and shows.
In Summer 2013, McBurney Plaza opened to the public replacing McBurney Lane (previously used as a parking lot). This area connects Fraser Highway and Douglas Park with a pedestrian boulevard, providing outdoor space for cafes and a space the city can use for street performance and other civic events.
Douglas Park is the main park in the City of Langley for events, festivals and other civic activities. Featuring a permanent stage, the park is equipped for live performance of music, theatre and other arts.
The park additionally has an adventure playground, two tennis courts, a water park (seasonal), bowling green, sports box, basketball hoops and public washrooms. Douglas Recreation Centre, situated in the park, offers many programs for the citizens of Langley and is also available for rentals such as wedding receptions or banquets and other events.
A local Little League baseball team represented Canada in the 2011 Little League World Series in Williamsport, PA.
The City of Langley is home to six Elementary schools and one Middle school, H. D. Stafford Middle School. Five major high schools are located in the surrounding area; Brookswood Secondary School, Langley Secondary School, D. W. Poppy Secondary School, Walnut Grove Secondary School, & R. E. Mountain Secondary School. They are located in the Township of Langley.
The City of Langley is served by The South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority (Also known as Translink). Translink operates the regional transportation network and is also the regional transportation authority. Langley is served by 7 Regular bus routes, and 5 "Community Shuttle" routes operating smaller capacity mini buses. The Fraser highway is one of the major east-west corridors servicing the City of Langley and the Township of Langley. The 502 bus route operates on a 15 minute headway (7–10 minutes during rush hour) from the Surrey Central Station in north Surrey to the Langley Centre bus loop in the City of Langley via Fraser Highway, with every 2nd departure continuing through the Township of Langley to Aldergrove. The other major routes include the 320 Surrey Central Station (via Cloverdale), 341 Guildford (via Cloverdale, & Newton), the 364 Scottsdale (via 64th avenue), the 501/590 Surrey Central Station (via 200th, Walnut Grove, during morning rush hour the route originates in Brookswood as the 590, and runs express past Guildford Exchange. In the PM rush hour, there is a bus every 15 minutes from Surrey Central, where every other bus is a 590 to langley south, and the alternate is a 501 going only as far as Walnut Grove.), and then there's the 595 to Maple Ridge, the bus runs express limited stop service along 200th street, and across the Golden Ears Bridge.
Arts and culture
Langley is the home of a very large annual car show, the "Langley Cruise-In". This event is held each September. Langley is also home to the Arts Alive Festival in August, and the Langley Ukulele Ensemble.
Langley City Council has seats for one mayor and six councilors. Each serves a 3-year term and attends council meetings on a bi-weekly basis. Other governmental departments include the Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, Corporate Services, Development Services & Economic Development, Engineering, Parks & Environment, Recreation, Culture and Community Services, and the Langley City Fire Rescue Service. The City of Langley has a joint RCMP detachment with the township of Langley.
Langley is also a key component in the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, which was formed in 2004. The Member of Parliament for the constituency is Conservative Mark Warawa.
|Climate data for Langley|
|Record high °C (°F)||15
|Average high °C (°F)||5
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−14
|Precipitation mm (inches)||176
|Source: Environment Canada|
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||20||0.1%|
|Mixed visible minority||55||0.2%|
|Total visible minority population||2,565||11%|
|Total Aboriginal population||850||3.6%|
Langley's community facilities include:
- Al Anderson Memorial – 25 metre public swimming pool
- Douglas Recreation Centre
- Langley Library
- Cascades Casino, Coast Hotel & Convention Centre
- Numerous parks
The City of Langley's Community Profile identifies six neighbourhoods based on elementary school catchment area: Nicomekl, Douglas, Simonds, Blacklock, Alice Brown and Uplands.
- Michael Mason[disambiguation needed], writer, author of the bestseller The Mystery of Marriage.
- Amanda Crew, actress
- Brett Lawrie, baseball player for the Toronto Blue Jays
- J. Jill Robinson, author of fiction and creative nonfiction
- Brian Smith, the guitarist for the rock band Trooper.
- Dallas Smith, the lead vocalist for the rock band Default and country music singer.
- City of Langley. History of Langley
- Lane Storyboards
- City of Langley Parks and Trails Website
- Langley Cruise-In
- Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed July 10, 2009
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
- , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
- City of Langley Community Profile
- From Prairie to City: A History of the City of Langley, Warren F. Sommer, 1995.
(City of Surrey)
|Walnut Grove, Port Kells (Township of Langley)||Milner, Fort Langley
(Township of Langley)
(City of Surrey)
|Township of Langley|
|Township of Langley||Aldergrove
(Township of Langley)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Langley, British Columbia (city).|