Langleybury

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CCB - close quarter battle day car park , looking at the modern block and boiler room and modern school entrance

Langleybury was a country house and estate in Hertfordshire, England, situated 2 miles north of the town of Watford on a low hill above the valley of the River Gade.

Owners[edit]

Raymond 1711–1756[edit]

The estate was purchased in 1711 by Robert Raymond, then Solicitor General and later Attorney General, subsequently Baron Raymond, who was Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales from 1724 until 1732.[1]

In 1720 he demolished the original house, of which little is known, and built a mansion which still stands on the site today. A park was laid out around the house in the later eighteenth century. His cipher, a griffin in a crown, can still be seen on the building.

Filmer 1756–1838[edit]

On the death of his son, Robert Raymond, 2nd Baron Raymond, without issue, in 1756, the manor was left in his will to Sir Beversham Filmer, 5th Baronet, of East Sutton, Kent.[2] He, dying unmarried in 1763, bequeathed it to his nephew, Sir John Filmer (7th Bt[2]). It followed the descent of the family till 1838.[1] The Filmers were absentee landlords.

In 1762 the road at the lower edge of the park became the Sparrows Herne turnpike, and in the 1790s the Grand Junction Canal and was dug along the valley bottom alongside the road.

Fearnley Whittingstall 1838–1856[edit]

In 1838 Sir Edmund Filmer (8th Bt[2]) sold the estate to Edmund Fearnley Whittingstall (né Fearnley), a Watford brewer.[1][3] He started a bank in partnership with William Smith which went into bankruptcy soon after Whittingstall's death, forcing the sale of the estate in 1856.[4]

Jones Loyd 1856–1947[edit]

The estate was then held by William Jones Loyd (1821–1885), a partner in the London branch of Jones Loyd & Co,[5] who was High Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1861[6] and cousin to Samuel Jones-Loyd, 1st Baron Overstone.[7] Jones Loyd built the nearby church of St Pauls in 1864.[8]

His son, Edward Henry Loyd, was High Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1894.[6] During the Second World War the house was leased to the Equity and Law Insurance Company.[9]

School 1947–1996[edit]

In 1947 the estate was sold to Hertfordshire County Council who converted the house and grounds into a secondary school, named Langleybury School, which opened in 1949.[9] In the late 1950s a modern school was built to the south of the mansion, which remained in use as part of the school and as teacher accommodation.

Langleybury School closed in 1996 and for a time partly housed Hertfordshire County Council Social Services offices. The empty modern school became a favoured film location site, notably for the Hope and Glory TV series of 1999.

It is also used as a CCB (close combat battle) area for people who play Airsoft (an outdoor combat game) in the buildings which are still safe to enter.

A children’s farm is situated in the old farm attached to the mansion house.

Notable people[edit]

Violet Cressy-Marcks (1895–1970), explorer and journalist, buried at Langleybury church.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c William Page, ed. (1908). "Abbots Langley". A History of the County of Hertford. Victoria County History 2. pp. 323–328. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  2. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Baronetage
  3. ^ Whitaker, Allan (March 2006). Brewers in Hertfordshire. Univ of Hertfordshire Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-9542189-7-3. "When he (George Whittingstall) died in 1822 he left £500,000 to a distant cousin Edmund Fearnley provided that he was prepared to change his name to Edmund Fearnley Whittingstall. This was legally recognised by 1825 and Edmund F. Whittingstall became the owner of the brewery."  The brewery in question had previously been Smith's, and later became, in succession, Sedgwick's, Benskin's, Ind Coope, Allied Breweries, Carlsberg-Tetley, and now Carlsberg UK
  4. ^ The Jurist. 1857 (for 5 Sep 1856). p. 388. "WILLIAM SMITH, Hemel Hempsted and Watford, Hertfordshire, banker, (trading under the style or firm of Smith & Whittingstall, and formerly carrying on trade with Edmund Fearnley Whittingstall, deceased), Sept. 25 at 11, and Oct. 24 at 12, London; Off. Ass. Cannan; Sols. Sedgwick, Watford; J. & J. H. Linklater & Co., 17, Sise-lane, Bucklersbury, —Pet. f. Aug. 26." 
  5. ^ Jones Loyd & Co was bought by the London and Westminster Bank in 1864, which through the intermediate steps of London County and Westminster Bank (1909), London County Westminster & Parr's Bank (1918), Westminster Bank (1923), National Westminster Bank (1970), is since 2000 part of the Royal Bank of Scotland Group
  6. ^ a b Herts High Shrievalty
  7. ^ Cilycwm history & heritage
  8. ^ St Pauls, Langleybury
  9. ^ a b Three Rivers Museum
  10. ^ Maddrell, Avril M. C. (2004). "‘Marcks, Violet Olivia Cressy- (1895–1970)’". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57179. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°41′24″N 00°26′34″W / 51.69000°N 0.44278°W / 51.69000; -0.44278