Demographics of Dominica

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Dominica, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1871 27,178 —    
1881 28,211 +0.37%
1891 26,841 −0.50%
1901 28,894 +0.74%
1911 33,863 +1.60%
1921 37,059 +0.91%
1946 47,624 +1.01%
1960 59,916 +1.65%
1970 69,549 +1.50%
1981 73,795 +0.54%
1991 71,183 −0.36%
2001 71,242 +0.01%
2011 71,293 +0.01%
2014 72,301 +0.47%
Source:[1]

Population[edit]

According to the preliminary 2011 census results Dominica has a population of 71,293.[1] The population growth rate is very low, due primarily to emigration to more prosperous Caribbean Islands, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 72,300 (medium fertility scenario of The 2012 Revision of the World Population Prospects).[2]

Population by parishes[edit]

Name Population Percentage of national population Total area (km²) Population density
Saint Andrew 10,461 14.77% 178.27 59
Saint David 6,789 9.58% 131.6 52
Saint George 20,211 28.54% 56.1 360
Saint John 5,897 8.33% 59 100
Saint Joseph 5,765 8.14% 120.1 48
Saint Luke 1,576 2.22% 7.77 203
Saint Mark 1,891 2.67% 9.9 191
Saint Patrick 8,383 11.84% 84.4 99
Saint Paul 8,397 11.86% 67.4 125
Saint Peter 1,452 2.05% 27.7 52
 Dominica 70,822 100% 742.24 105

Vital statistics [3][4][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate
1950 51 1 848 948 900 36.2 18.6 17.6
1951 52 1 965 874 1 091 38.0 16.9 21.1
1952 52 2 091 1 108 983 40.0 21.2 18.8
1953 53 2 080 779 1 301 39.3 14.7 24.6
1954 54 2 345 759 1 586 43.7 14.1 29.5
1955 55 2 543 870 1 673 46.6 15.9 30.7
1956 56 2 416 927 1 489 43.5 16.7 26.8
1957 57 2 557 870 1 687 45.2 15.4 29.8
1958 58 2 724 929 1 795 47.1 16.1 31.1
1959 59 2 770 826 1 944 47.0 14.0 33.0
1960 60 2 812 922 1 890 46.9 15.4 31.5
1961 61 2 655 799 1 856 43.5 13.1 30.4
1962 62 2 566 658 1 908 41.4 10.6 30.8
1963 63 2 493 835 1 658 39.6 13.3 26.4
1964 64 2 703 606 2 097 42.3 9.5 32.8
1965 65 2 820 584 2 236 43.4 9.0 34.4
1966 66 2 639 556 2 083 39.8 8.4 31.4
1967 68 2 934 516 2 418 43.3 7.6 35.7
1968 69 2 686 626 2 060 38.9 9.1 29.8
1969 70 2 694 744 1 950 38.4 10.6 27.8
1970 71 2 503 583 1 920 35.2 8.2 27.0
1971 72 2 677 664 2 013 37.4 9.3 28.1
1972 72 2 591 543 2 048 36.1 7.6 28.5
1973 72 2 298 505 1 793 32.0 7.0 25.0
1974 72 2 062 511 1 551 28.7 7.1 21.6
1975 72 1 783 483 1 300 24.7 6.7 18.0
1976 73 1 758 532 1 226 24.2 7.3 16.9
1977 73 1 745 521 1 224 23.8 7.1 16.7
1978 74 1 735 417 1 318 23.4 5.6 17.8
1979 75 1 521 304 1 217 20.3 4.1 16.2
1980 75 1 819 387 1 432 24.2 5.1 19.0
1981 75 1 661 338 1 323 22.0 4.5 17.6
1982 75 1 753 412 1 341 23.3 5.5 17.8
1983 75 1 864 349 1 515 24.9 4.7 20.3
1984 74 1 716 432 1 284 23.1 5.8 17.3
1985 74 1 703 466 1 237 23.1 6.3 16.8
1986 73 1 721 488 1 233 23.6 6.7 16.9
1987 72 1 621 455 1 166 22.4 6.3 16.1
1988 72 1 731 424 1 307 24.1 5.9 18.2
1989 71 1 657 497 1 160 23.3 7.0 16.3
1990 71 1 604 512 1 092 22.6 7.2 15.4
1991 71 1 712 518 1 194 24.2 7.3 16.9
1992 71 1 836 566 1 270 25.9 8.0 17.9
1993 71 1 757 558 1 199 24.7 7.8 16.8
1994 71 1 605 530 1 075 22.5 7.4 15.1
1995 71 1 501 584 917 21.0 8.2 12.8
1996 71 1 426 583 843 20.0 8.2 11.8
1997 71 1 340 513 827 18.9 7.3 11.7
1998 70 1 236 595 641 17.6 8.5 9.1
1999 70 1 291 631 660 18.5 9.0 9.4
2000 70 1 199 503 696 17.2 7.2 10.0
2001 70 1 213 510 703 17.4 7.3 10.1
2002 70 1 081 594 487 15.5 8.5 7.0
2003 70 1 056 557 499 15.1 8.0 7.1
2004 70 1 066 557 509 15.2 7.9 7.2
2005 71 1 009 489 520 14.3 6.9 7.4 2.1 20.8
2006 71 1 035 536 499 14.6 7.6 7.1 2.1 12.6
2007 71 904 567 337 12.8 8.0 4.8 2.0 19.9
2008 71 964 545 419 13.6 7.7 5.9 2.0 9.3
2009 71 943 559 384 13.3 7.9 5.4 2.0 22.2
2010 71 933 588 345 13.1 8.3 4.8 2.0 14.0

Ethnic groups[edit]

The vast majority of Dominicans are of African descent (86.8% at the 2001 census) 75% at the 2014 census due to heavy migration.[5] There is a significant mixed population (19%) at the 2014 census due to intermarriage, along with a small European origin minority (0.8%; descendants of French, British, and Irish colonists), East Indians (0.1%) groups, and there are small numbers of Lebanese/Syrians (0.1%) and Asians.

Amerindians[edit]

Dominica is the only Eastern Caribbean island that still has a population of pre-Columbian native Caribs (also known as Kalinago), who were exterminated or driven from neighbouring islands. According to the 2001 census there are only 2,001 Caribs remaining (2.9% of the total population). A considerable growth occurred since the 1991 census when 1,634 Caribs were counted (2.4% of the total population). The Caribs live in eight villages on the east coast of Dominica. This special Carib Territory was granted by the British Crown in 1903.[6] The present number of Kalinago is estimated at 4% more than 3,000.[7]

Languages[edit]

English is the official language and universally understood; however, because of historic French domination, Antillean Creole, a French-lexified creole language, is also widely spoken.

Religion[edit]

Main article: Religion in Dominica

According to the 2001 census, 91.2% percent of the population of Dominica is considered Christian, 1.6% has a non-Christian religion and 6.1% has no religion or did not state a religion (1.1%).[5]

Roughly two thirds of Christians are Roman Catholics (61.4% of the total population), a reflection of early French influence on the island, and one third are Protestant. The Evangelicals constitute the largest Protestant group, with 6.7% of the population. Seventh-day Adventists are the second largest group (6.1%). The next largest group are Pentecostals (5.6% of the population), followed by Baptists (4.1%). Other Christians include Methodists (3.7%), Church of God (1.2%), Jehovah's Witnesses (1.2%), Anglicanism (0.6%) and Brethren (0.3%). During the past decades the number of Roman Catholics and Anglicans has decreased, while the number of other Protestants has increased, especially Evangelicals, Seventh-day Adventists, Pentecostals (5.6% of the population) and Baptists).[5]

The number of non-Christians is small. These religious groups include the Rastafarian Movement (1.3% of the population), Hinduism (0.1%) and Muslims (0.2%).

References[edit]