Demographics of El Salvador

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of El Salvador, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of El Salvador
Mesa Grande refugee camp 1987 172.jpg
Mesa Grande refugee camp 1987 075.jpg
US Navy 110718-N-RM525-309 Lt. j.g Sarah Blackowicz, from Manchester, Md., colors with Salvadoran children during a Continuing Promise 2011 communi.jpg
Salvadorianchildren.JPG
Salvadoran boys and girls

A contrast of Salvadoran children during the civil war and modern day Salvadoran children'

Population 6,071,774 (2011 est.)[1]
Male population 3,440,918
Female population 3,625,485
Population growth 1.68%
Birth rate 25.72/1,000
Death rate 5.53/1,000
Infant mortality rate 22.19/1,000
Life expectancy 73.44 years [2]
Nationality Salvadoran
Demographic bureaus INEC

El Salvador's population numbers about 6,071,774 with 86% of Salvadorans are mixed (mixed Indigenous Native American and European Spanish origin by majority, who quickly cluster with tri-racial Pardo Salvadorans of Indigenous, Spanish and African mixed heritage, Afro-Mestizos who culturally identify themselves as Mestizo. The Salvadorans of mixed ancestry vary in their Native American Indigenous, European and even African ancestry.[3]

Population[edit]

According to the 2012 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 6,218,000 in 2010, compared to only 2,200,000 in 1950.[4] However, as shown by the chart to the right, the data are very imprecise -- in fact, the breakdown of population by gender is over a million more than the given total population. Despite a threefold increase between 1950 and 2010, the increase in population was less than in many other countries in Central America. The total impact of civil wars, dictatorships and socioeconomics drove over a million Salvadorans (both as immigrants and refugees) into the US; in addition small Salvadoran communities sprung up in Canada, Panama, Costa Rica, Europe and Australia since the migration trend began in the early 1970s. The 2010 U.S. Census counted 1,648,968 Salvadorans in the United States, up from 655,165 in 2000.[5] The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 32.1%, 61% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6.9% was 65 years or older.

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 2 200 42.7 53.3 4.0
1955 2 433 43.6 52.6 3.8
1960 2 773 45.1 51.1 3.7
1965 3 244 46.3 50.1 3.7
1970 3 736 46.4 49.9 3.6
1975 4 232 45.8 50.5 3.7
1980 4 661 45.2 50.9 3.9
1985 5 004 44.1 51.8 4.2
1990 5 344 41.7 53.7 4.6
1995 5 748 39.6 55.5 4.9
2000 5 959 38.3 56.2 5.5
2005 6 073 35.7 58.1 6.2
2010 6 218 32.1 61.0 6.9

Population distribution[edit]

The capital city of San Salvador and the other thirteen municipalities that have joined as a metropolitan area have a population of 2.3 million people[6]

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[edit]

The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [4]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950-1955 108 000 48 000 61 000 46.7 20.6 26.1 6.30 147 45.1 43.4 46.8
1955-1960 125 000 46 000 78 000 47.8 17.8 30.0 6.60 132 49.3 47.2 51.5
1960-1965 144 000 47 000 97 000 47.7 15.5 32.3 6.76 119 53.0 50.5 55.7
1965-1970 156 000 47 000 109 000 44.8 13.5 31.3 6.43 109 55.6 52.6 58.9
1970-1975 168 000 49 000 119 000 42.1 12.3 29.8 5.95 100 57.0 53.2 61.2
1975-1980 177 000 52 000 124 000 39.7 11.8 27.9 5.46 91 57.0 51.9 62.7
1980-1985 174 000 55 000 119 000 36.1 11.4 24.7 4.80 77 56.9 50.6 64.2
1985-1990 171 000 44 000 126 000 33.0 8.6 24.4 4.20 56 63.1 57.4 69.1
1990-1995 169 000 37 000 132 000 30.5 6.8 23.8 3.73 38 68.0 63.3 72.9
1995-2000 161 000 38 000 123 000 27.5 6.6 20.9 3.30 27 69.2 64.4 73.9
2000-2005 133 000 39 000 94 000 22.0 6.4 15.6 2.60 23 70.2 65.4 74.9
2005-2010 127 000 40 000 87 000 20.7 6.5 14.2 2.35 21 71.3 66.5 75.9
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Registerd data[7][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1950 2 200 90 557 27 454 63 103 41.2 12.5 28.7
1951 2 237 93 634 29 030 64 604 41.8 13.0 28.9
1952 2 280 96 802 32 423 64 379 42.5 14.2 28.2
1953 2 327 98 474 30 280 68 194 42.3 13.0 29.3
1954 2 378 102 009 31 810 70 199 42.9 13.4 29.5
1955 2 433 105 040 31 151 73 889 43.2 12.8 30.4
1956 2 491 106 539 28 127 78 412 42.8 11.3 31.5
1957 2 553 114 929 32 893 82 036 45.0 12.9 32.1
1958 2 621 115 154 32 831 82 323 43.9 12.5 31.4
1959 2 694 115 622 30 038 85 584 42.9 11.1 31.8
1960 2 773 121 403 28 768 92 635 43.8 10.4 33.4
1961 2 859 124 871 28 471 96 400 43.7 10.0 33.7
1962 2 951 127 154 30 342 96 812 43.1 10.3 32.8
1963 3 047 133 395 29 614 103 781 43.8 9.7 34.1
1964 3 145 133 072 29 496 103 576 42.3 9.4 32.9
1965 3 244 137 430 30 906 106 524 42.4 9.5 32.8
1966 3 342 137 950 30 368 107 582 41.3 9.1 32.2
1967 3 440 139 955 28 957 110 998 40.7 8.4 32.2
1968 3 537 140 986 29 863 111 123 39.8 8.4 31.4
1969 3 636 142 699 33 655 109 044 39.2 9.2 29.9
1970 3 736 141 471 35 094 106 377 37.8 9.4 28.4
1971 3 836 154 309 28 752 125 557 40.2 7.5 32.7
1972 3 938 153 464 32 383 121 081 38.9 8.2 30.7
1973 4 038 155 632 31 865 123 767 38.5 7.9 30.6
1974 4 137 158 524 30 494 128 030 38.3 7.4 30.9
1975 4 232 159 731 31 601 128 130 37.7 7.5 30.3
1976 4 325 165 822 30 826 134 996 38.3 7.1 31.2
1977 4 414 177 531 33 009 144 522 40.2 7.5 32.7
1978 4 500 172 897 30 086 142 811 38.4 6.7 31.7
1979 4 582 174 183 32 936 141 247 38.0 7.2 30.8
1980 4 661 169 930 38 967 130 963 36.4 8.4 28.1
1981 4 734 163 305 37 468 125 837 34.5 7.9 26.6
1982 4 805 156 796 33 284 123 512 32.6 6.9 25.7
1983 4 872 144 193 32 697 111 496 29.6 6.7 22.9
1984 4 938 142 202 28 854 113 348 28.8 5.8 23.0
1985 5 004 139 514 27 225 112 289 27.9 5.4 22.5
1986 5 069 145 126 25 731 119 395 28.7 5.1 23.6
1987 5 134 148 355 27 581 120 774 28.9 5.4 23.6
1988 5 200 149 299 27 774 121 525 28.8 5.4 23.4
1989 5 269 151 859 27 768 124 091 28.9 5.3 23.6
1990 5 344 148 360 28 195 120 165 27.8 5.3 22.5
1991 5 425 151 210 27 066 124 144 27.9 5.0 22.9
1992 5 511 154 014 27 869 126 145 27.9 5.1 22.9
1993 5 597 168 000 38 000 130 000 30.0 6.8 23.2
1994 5 678 160 772 29 407 131 365 28.3 5.2 23.1
1995 5 748 159 336 29 130 130 206 27.7 5.1 22.7
1996 5 807 163 007 28 904 134 103 28.1 5.0 23.1
1997 5 855 164 143 29 118 135 025 28.0 5.0 23.1
1998 5 895 158 350 29 919 128 431 26.9 5.1 21.8
1999 5 929 153 636 28 056 125 580 25.9 4.7 21.2
2000 5 959 150 176 28 154 122 022 25.2 4.7 20.5
2001 5 985 138 354 29 959 108 395 23.1 5.0 18.1
2002 6 008 129 363 27 458 101 905 21.5 4.6 17.0
2003 6 029 124 476 29 377 95 099 20.6 4.9 15.8
2004 6 050 119 710 30 058 89 652 19.8 5.0 14.8
2005 6 073 112 769 30 933 81 836 18.6 5.1 13.5
2006 6 097 107 111 31 453 75 658 17.6 5.2 12.4
2007 6 123 106 471 31 349 75 122 17.4 5.1 12.3
2008 6 152 111 278 31 594 79 684 18.1 5.1 13.0
2009 6 183 107 880 32 872 75 008 17.4 5.3 12.1
2010 6 218 104 939 32 586 72 353 16.9 5.2 11.6
2011 6 256 109 384 33 211 76 173 17.5 5.3 12.2

Ethnic groups[edit]

12% of Salvadorans are white; population is mostly of Spanish, while there is also of French, German, Swiss, English, Irish, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Dutch and Danish descent. The majority of Central European immigrants arrived during World War II as refugees Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Switzerland are scattered in different communities of El Salvador. About 1% is of full indigenous origin (Pipil and Lenca). Very few Amerindians have retained their customs and traditions, having over time assimilated into the dominant Mestizo/Spanish culture. In the Mestizo population, Salvadorans who are racially European, especially Mediterranean, as well as Afro-Salvadoran, and the indigenous people in El Salvador who do not speak indigenous languages or have and indigenous culture, all identify themselves as Mestizo culturally.[8]

The low numbers of indigenous people may be partly explained by mass murder during the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising (or La Matanza) which saw (estimates of) up to 30,000 peasants killed in a short period of time (nowadays this would be considered a genocide by the army's methods to exterminate a certain racial group). Many authors note that since La Matanza the indigenous in El Salvador have been very reluctant to describe themselves as such (in census declarations for example) or to wear indigenous dress or be seen to be taking part in any cultural activities or customs that might be understood as indigenous.[9]

There is a significant population of Palestinian Christian, Turkish and Chinese immigrants. There is also a small community of Jews and Muslims. A small portion of Salvadorans have Middle Eastern and Arab ancestries that include Lebanon, Syria, and the majority come from Palestine especially from Bethlehem, that emigrated to El Salvador.

Language[edit]

Spanish is the language spoken by virtually all inhabitants.

Religion[edit]

Catholicism is the majority religion in El Salvador at 57.1%.[2] Protestant groups compromise 21.2% of the population.[2] Individual groups that constitute less than 5 percent of the population include Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, and Mormons 0.7%.[2] A sizable 16.8% population claim no religious affiliation in El Salvador.[2]

Salvadoran boy in La Union, El Salvador.
(Nuestros Angeles de El Salvador) Salvadoran women dancers from San Salvador, El Salvador,
The Current El Salvador President Mauricio Funes speaks during a ceremony to commemorate the grand opening of a new pier at La Union Port
Coffee shop in El Salvador
Salvadoran students
Salvadorans marching

Cities and metropolitan areas[edit]

Municipalities of El Salvador

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

Ethnic groups
Salvadoran women
Group Number
Mestizo (86%) 4,210,000
White (12%) 621,000
Native American (1%) 69,000
Source: CDI (2006)
Ethnic groups
group percent
Mestizo
  
86%
White
  
12%
Native American
  
1%
Population growth 1961-2003.

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

6,071,774 (July 2011 est.)

2013 6.3 million

[3]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Mestizo: 86%
White: 12%
Native American: >1% The very low numbers of Native indigenous people may be explained by mass murder during the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising (or La Matanza) which saw (estimates of) up to 30,000 peasants killed in a short period of time (nowadays this would be considered a genocide by the army's methods to exterminate a certain racial group)[10] The Native American population consists primary of Pipils and Lencas (the latter confined to the Eastern regions of the country) although smaller communities of Kakawira and Xinca also exist.

Religions[edit]

Roman Catholic: 57.1%%
Protestant: 21.2%%
No Affiliation: 16.8%

Languages[edit]

Spanish (official), Salvadoran Sign Language, Pipil, Kekchí. Immigrant languages include Chinese, Turkish, Poqomam, and American Sign Language.[11]

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total: 95.0%[12]
male: 94.4%
female: 95.5%
urban: 97.2%
rural: 91.8%


Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]