Languages of Japan

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Languages of Japan
Official languages None
Main languages Japanese
Regional languages Ryukyuan (Okinawan et al.)
Minority languages Ainu, Bonin English, Nivkh, Orok
Main immigrant languages Korean and Chinese
Main foreign languages English, Italian, Romanian, French, Portuguese, Spanish
Sign languages Japanese Sign Language
Amami Oshima Sign Language
Common keyboard layouts
JIS
KB Japanese.svg

The oral languages spoken by the native peoples of the insular country of Japan at present and during recorded history belong to either of two primary phyla of human language:

In addition to these two indigenous language families, there is Japanese Sign Language as well as significant minorities of ethnic Koreans and Chinese, who respectively constitute approximately 0.5% and 0.4% of the country's population and many of whom continue to speak their respective ethnic language in private contexts (see Zainichi Korean). There is also a notable history of use of Kanbun (Classical Chinese) as a language of literature and diplomacy in Japan, similar to the status of the Latin language in medieval Europe, which has left an indelible mark on the vocabulary of the Japanese language. Kanbun is a mandatory subject in the curricula of most Japanese secondary schools.

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