Languages of Paraguay

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Languages of Paraguay
Official languages Spanish, Guaraní
Main immigrant languages Portuguese
Sign languages Paraguayan Sign Language

The Republic of Paraguay is a mostly bilingual country, where both Spanish, an Indo-European language, and Guaraní, an indigenous language of the Tupian family, have official status.[1]

Spanish and Guaraní[edit]

Spanish is spoken by about 87% of the population, while Guaraní is spoken by more than 90%, with about 4,650,000 speakers. 52% of rural Paraguayans are monolingual in Guaraní.[citation needed] 73% of the population is bilingual in both languages, while only 27% is monolingual either in Spanish or in Guaraní.

Guaraní is the only indigenous language of the Americas whose speakers include a large proportion of non-indigenous people. This is an anomaly in the Americas where language shift towards European colonial languages (in this case, the other official language of Spanish) has otherwise been a nearly universal cultural and identity marker of mestizos (people of mixed Spanish and Amerindian ancestry), and also of culturally assimilated, upwardly-mobile Amerindian people.

Other languages[edit]

About 50,000 Paraguayans speak an indigenous language besides Guaraní:[2]

Besides Spanish, Guaraní and all other previous languages,Portuguese, Plautdietsch, Standard German and Italian are spoken as well.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paraguay - Constitution, Article 140 About Languages. International Constitutional Law Project. Retrieved 2007-12-03.  (see translator's note)
  2. ^ a b Languages of Paraguay, Ethnologue