Languages of Portugal
|Languages of Portugal|
|Main foreign languages||English (32%) French (24%) Spanish (9%)|
|Sign languages||Portuguese Sign Language|
|Common keyboard layouts||
The languages of Portugal are the languages spoken or once spoken in the territory of the country of Portugal.
Portuguese is practically universal in Portugal, but there are some specificities.
The Southern and Central dialects - They include the dialect of the capital, Lisbon, which however has some peculiarities of its own. Although the dialects of the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira have unique characteristics, as well, they can also be grouped with the southern dialects.
- 1 - Açoriano — Azores
- 2 - Alentejano — Alentejo
- 3 - Algarvio — Algarve (there is a particular small dialect in the western area)
- 5 - Baixo-Beirão; Alto-Alentejano — Central Portugal (interior)
- 6 - Beirão — central Portugal
- 7 - Estremenho — Regions of Coimbra and Lisbon (can be subdivided in Lisbon Portuguese and Coimbra Portuguese)
- 8 - Madeirense — Madeira
- The Northern dialects - This includes the dialect of Porto, Portugal's second largest city.
- Barranquenho - In the town of Barrancos (in the border between Extremadura, Andalusia and Portugal), a dialect of Portuguese heavily influenced by Extremaduran is spoken, known as Barranquenho.
- Minderico - a sociolect or argot spoken in Minde, practically extinct.
- Mirandese language - A dialect of Astur-Leonese spoken in Miranda do Douro, in northeastern Portugal.
- Portuguese Sign Language.
Other languages have been extensively spoken in the territory of modern Portugal:
- Proto-Celtic & Celtic languages
- Tartessian language
- Lusitanian language
Roman, Post-Roman and Medieval languages
- Arabic language
- Berber languages
- Germanic languages
- Latin language
- Scythian languages
- Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)
- Detailed linguistic map of the Iberian Peninsula