Languages of Uttar Pradesh

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Uttarpradesh-languages.GIF

The languages of Uttar Pradesh belong to two zones in the Indo-Aryan languages, the Central and the Eastern.

Individual mother tongues in Uttar Pradesh are many, but well-recognised dialects number around 6 or 7.

History[edit]

The languages of Uttar Pradesh mainly derive from the Prakrits of the Old Indo-Aryan, along with the influence of Persian in the medieval era.

Inventories[edit]

Linguists generally distinguish the terms "language" and "dialects" on the basis of 'mutual comprehension'. The Indian census uses two specific classifications in its own unique way: (1) 'language' and (2) 'mother tongue'. The 'mother tongues' are grouped within each 'language'. Many 'mother tongues' so defined would be considered a language rather than a dialect by linguistic standards. This is specifically the case for many 'mother tongues' with tens of millions of speakers that are officially grouped under the 'language' Hindi.

Language families[edit]

The dominant language family of Uttar Pradesh is Indo-Aryan, with the two major zones represented being Central and Eastern. Except for Bhojpuri, which belongs to the Eastern zone of Indo-Aryan, the rest of the languages belong to the Central zone.

Official languages[edit]

The languages of state administration are Hindi,[1] established by the Uttar Pradesh Official Language Act, 1951, and Urdu, established by the Amendment to the same in 1989.

Language movements[edit]

The Nagari Pracharini Sabha was formed in 1893 to promote the usage of the Devanagari script.[2]

Writing systems[edit]

See also: Kaithi, Devanagari and Nastaliq

Footnotes and References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]