Lansdowne House

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This article is about the house in the United Kingdom. For the house in the United States, see Lansdowne House (Greenville, Ohio). For first nations community formerly known as Lansdowne House in Canada, see Neskantaga First Nation.

Coordinates: 51°30′30″N 0°8′44″W / 51.50833°N 0.14556°W / 51.50833; -0.14556

Former interior of the drawing room installed in the Philadelphia Museum of Art
Lansdowne House is shown on this 1830 map.
A plan of the main floor of the house published in 1765.

Lansdowne House is a building to the southwest of Berkeley Square in central London, England. It was designed by Robert Adam as a private house and for most of its time as a residence it belonged to the Petty-FitzMaurice family, Marquesses of Lansdowne. Since 1935, it has been the home of the Lansdowne Club. The positioning of the property was rather unusual. It had a large front garden occupying the whole of the southern side of the square, which it faced side on. This arrangement gave Devonshire House on Piccadilly an open aspect to the square.

Famous former owners or residents of Lansdowne House include:

In the 1930s, the local council decided to construct a road link from Berkeley Square to Curzon Street. This necessitated the removal of all the front rooms of Lansdowne House. Adam's Drawing Room was removed and installed at the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Dining Room went to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.[1] The house's collections, such as the Lansdowne Amazon and the Lansdowne Hercules, were also bought by American museums. The facade was rebuilt in a modified form at the front of the truncated house.

A large office block was built on the front garden on the southern edge of the square at what is now Nos. 55–59 Berkeley Square. This new building inherited the name of the old house, while the address No. 9 Fitzmaurice Place still points to the original location, where the Lansdowne Club is now undergoing extensive renovations begun in 2000.

On 1 May 1935, the Lansdowne Club opened as a 'social, residential and athletic Club for members of social standing…'.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Drawing Room from Lansdowne House with elements by Robert Adam, Antonio Zucchi, Giovanni Battista Cipriani, and Joseph Perfetti on the website of the Philadelphia Museum of Art

External links[edit]