|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||457.838 g/mol|
|Appearance||White powder, hygroscopic|
|Solubility in water||negligible|
|Solubility||soluble in acids|
|Other anions||Lanthanum(III) oxide|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Lanthanum carbonate is used as a starting material in lanthanum chemistry, particularly in forming mixed oxides, for example
- for production of lanthanum strontium manganite, primarily for solid oxide fuel cell applications;
- for production of certain high-temperature superconductors, such as La2-xSrxCuO2.
Human and veterinary medicine
Lanthanum carbonate is used in medicine as a phosphate binder. As a medication it is sold under the trade name Fosrenol by the pharmaceutical company Shire Pharmaceuticals. Fosrenol is the largest of all pills filled in community pharmacies. Sometimes patients forget that fosrenol is not swallowed whole, but instead should be chewed. This has led to severe choking. It is prescribed for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia, primarily in patients with chronic kidney disease. It is taken with meals and binds to dietary phosphate, preventing phosphate from being absorbed by the intestine. For cats suffering from hyperphosphatemia it is available under the trade name Renalzin by Bayer Animal Health.
However, when lanthanum carbonate is used for treating hyperphosphatemia, its side effects, namely myalgia, muscular cramping, and peripheral edema, should be clinically monitored.
- Editorial Staff (December 2004). "Lanthanum Carbonate". All Micromedex Systems. Micromedex, Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-09-14. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- Bayer Animal Health (26 September 2008). "Bayer Animal Health launches Renalzin for Cats" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Lanthanum - medlineplus.org
- Fosrenol.com - the manufacturer's web site
- Fosrenol - Drugs.com
- Fosrenol - Medscape.com
- PhosphorusControl.com - PhosphorusControl.com
- Bayer Animal Health