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Lantmanna Party (Lantmannapartiet; literally 'Party of the Rural People') was a political party in Sweden, essentially a fraction in the parliament which existed from 1867 to 1912 (though split in two 1888-1895).
The Lantmanna Party was founded in 1867, following the representation reform of 1866 which had replaced the old Parliament of the Estates with the modern parliament, assembled for the first time in early 1867. It was represented in the second chamber of the parliament, which was directly elected.
The party originally did not have any clear political ideology but claimed to represent farmers and ordinary people, although it was never a real agrarian party. Many of its first members had been members of the last House of Peasants in the old Parliament of the Estates while one of the informal leaders at the start was Count Arvid Posse. The party was also supported by the main Swedish newspaper at the time, Dagens Nyheter. Posse went on to become Prime Minister of Sweden from 1880 to 1883.
In 1888 the party was split in two parties over the issue on free trade contra protectionism; the free trade advocates founded the Old Lantmanna Party and the protectionists founded the New Lantmanna Party. In 1895 the two parties reunited under its old name. Erik Gustaf Boström of the Lantmanna Party (New Lantmanna Party during the split) was able to form a cabinet twice, as prime minister in 1891–1900 and again in 1902–1905.
By the turn of the century 1900, the party had evolved in a ideologically conservative way, much due to opposition against the liberals and the emerging social democrats. While the party had its base in the parliament and was formed solely by elected members of it, there was no organisation for election campaigns until 1904, when the Lantmanna Party formed the Allmänna valmansförbundet (General Elector Coalition) together with other right-wing fractions in the parliament. In 1912 the Lantmanna Party merged with another of the right-wing fractions of the parliament, the National Progress Party, to form the new Farmer and Bourgeoisie Party (Lantmanna- och borgarepartiet), which came to be known as the "andrakammarshögern" ("right-wing fraction of the second chamber"). This and the Allmänna valmansförbundet eventually evolved into the present Moderate Party.
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