Laodice (daughter of Priam)

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In Greek mythology, Laodice (/lˈɒdəˌsi/; Greek: Λαοδίκη, "people-justice") was the daughter of Priam of Troy and Hecuba. She is described as the most beautiful of Priam's daughters.[1][2]

Before the outbreak of the Trojan war Laodice fell in love with Acamas, son of Theseus, who had come to Troy to try to recover Helen through diplomatic means. She became pregnant and bore him the son Munitus. Munitus was given to Acamas' grandmother Aethra, who was then a slave to Helen. After the war had ended, Acamas took his son with him. Much later, Munitus was bitten by a snake while hunting with his father in Thrace and died.[3][4]

The Iliad mentions Laodice as the wife of Helicaon, son of Antenor,[1] although according to Hyginus she was the wife of Telephus, king of Mysia and son of Heracles.[5]

According to the Bibliotheca and several other sources, in the night of the fall of Troy Laodice feared she might become one of the captive women and prayed to the gods. She was swallowed up in a chasm that opened on the earth.[6][7][8][9] There is no information on which deity she prayed to but Persephone seemed to have provided the chasm.[citation needed] There is no information on what happened after she was swallowed. The assumption is that she was transported alive to Hades.[citation needed]

Pausanias, however, mentions her among the captive Trojans painted in the Lesche of Delphi. He assumes that she was subsequently set free because no poet mentions her as a captive, and he further surmises that the Greeks would have done her no harm, since she was married to a son of Antenor, who was a guest-friend of the Greeks Menelaus and Odysseus.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Homer, Iliad, 3. 123
  2. ^ Homer, Iliad, 6. 252
  3. ^ Parthenius, Love Romances, 16
  4. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 495-496
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 101
  6. ^ Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 5.23.
  7. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 314
  8. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy, 13. 544
  9. ^ Tryphiodorus, The Taking of Ilios, 660
  10. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 26. 7-8