Laodice (wife of Mithridates III of Pontus)

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Laodice (flourished between second half 3rd century BC and first half 2nd century BC) was a Greek Princess from the Seleucid Empire and the wife of the King Mithridates III of Pontus.[1] Laodice appears to have come from obscure origins. Laodice could have been a supposed daughter of the Seleucid King Antiochus IV Epiphanes.[2] This is based on the assumption that the sister of Alexander Balas who appeared in Rome with him in 153 BC as a genuine daughter of Antiochus IV Epiphanes was the Laodice who married Mithridates III.[3] Antiochus IV Epiphanes had two daughters who were Laodice VI from this marriage to his sister-wife Laodice IV [4] and his other daughter was Antiochis the child from his concubine.[5] However this assumption shows that Antiochus IV Epiphanes may have had another daughter called Laodice, however this is not certain.[6] The assumption shows that there could some confusion about the identity of this Laodice and Laodice VI. Laodice bore Mithridates III three children: Mithridates IV of Pontus,[7] Pharnaces I of Pontus [8] and Laodice.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Getzel, Hellenistic settlements in Europe, the islands and Asia Minor p. 387
  2. ^ Grainger, A Seleukid prosopography and gazetteer p.50
  3. ^ Grainger, A Seleukid prosopography and gazetteer p.50
  4. ^ http://www.livius.org/la-ld/laodice/laodice_iv.html
  5. ^ 2 Maccabees 4:30
  6. ^ Grainger, A Seleukid prosopography and gazetteer p.50
  7. ^ Callatay, The First Royal Coinage of Pontos (from Mithridates III to Mithridates V) p.21
  8. ^ Justin, Epitome of Pompeius Trogus xxxviii
  9. ^ Callatay, The First Royal Coinage of Pontos (from Mithridates III to Mithridates V) p.21

Sources[edit]