Lapeer County, Michigan
|Lapeer County, Michigan|
Location in the state of Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
|Founded||September 18, 1822 |
|• Total||663.08 sq mi (1,717 km2)|
|• Land||654.20 sq mi (1,694 km2)|
|• Water||8.88 sq mi (23 km2), 1.34%|
|• Density||135/sq mi (52.1/km²)|
Lapeer County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 88,319. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, it is part of Metro Detroit, but is also considered part of the Metro Flint area. The county seat is Lapeer. The county was created on September 18, 1822, and was fully organized on February 2, 1835. The name is an anglicization of the French la pierre, which means "flint" or "flint stone." List of Michigan county name etymologies.
Lapeer County was part of New France from 1534, and as New France gained in population, part of the Pays d'en Haut (upper countries) dependency of the Colony of Canada from its formation as a department of New France in 1712. In 1763 England took possession, then renamed the colony and its dependencies the Province of Quebec. France and England controlled trading by establishing forts to settle disputes and enforce laws, utilizing ancient overland and waterborne trade routes, while providing superior tools and weapons in exchange for valuable furs
Following the American Revolution, Great Britain ceded portions of the Province of Quebec to the United States of America. By an ordinance of the Congress of the United States passed in July 13, 1787, under the Articles of Confederation, the whole of the territory of the United States lying northwest of the Ohio River, though still occupied by the British, was organized as the Northwest Territory. The area that is presently Lapeer County was originally a part of the County of Wayne, named in the honor of General Anthony Wayne. This original Wayne County was created on August 11, 1796, and included all of the lower peninsula of Michigan, parts of Northern Ohio and Indiana, and also portions of Wisconsin and Illinois.
What is presently Lapeer County, on May 7, 1800, became part of the Territory of Indiana, which included all of the lower peninsula of Michigan. After Ohio and Indiana became states, the Territory of Michigan was formed. In 1807 local Indian tribes ceded the land of Southeast Michigan in the Treaty of Detroit. In January, 1820, the County of Oakland was formed. On September 18, 1822, Governor Lewis Cass set Lapeer County's boundaries, although it remained a part of Oakland County until it was organized; Lapeer County officially became a county on February 2, 1835. The first recorded elections for county officers, with 520 people voting, occurred in 1837.
The first settler in Lapeer was Alvin N. Hart, who was born in Cornwall, Connecticut on February 11, 1804. He came to Lapeer in 1831 and platted the Village of Lapeer on November 8, 1833. The plat was registered in Pontiac, December 14, 1833, in Oakland County's Associate Judge Bagley's Court. Alvin Hart became a state senator in 1843, representing Lapeer, Oakland, Genesee, Shiawassee, Tuscola, Saginaw counties and the entire Upper Peninsula. He was instrumental in having the state capitol moved from Detroit to Lansing.
Lumber was the principal industry of the Lapeer County area from the 1830s until 1870, with the expectation that the removal of much of the county's forests would attract farmers as settlers. Lapeer's economy shifted to become primarily agriculturally based. On October 26, 2010, Lapeer became a founding member of the Karegnondi Water Authority.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 663.08 square miles (1,717.4 km2), of which 654.20 square miles (1,694.4 km2) (or 98.66%) is land and 8.88 square miles (23.0 km2) (or 1.34%) is water. Lapeer County's geography is very similar to Oakland County, except Lapeer County is more rural. Lapeer is one of the five counties that form the peninsula projecting into Lake Huron known as The Thumb, which in turn is a sub-region of the Flint/Tri-Cities.
- Sanilac County (northeast)
- Tuscola County (northwest)
- St. Clair County (east)
- Genesee County (west)
- Macomb County (southeast)
- Oakland County (southwest)
||Tuscola County||Sanilac County|
|Genesee County||St. Clair County|
|Oakland County||Macomb County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 87,904 people, 30,729 households, and 23,876 families residing in the county. The population density was 134 people per square mile (52/km²). There were 32,732 housing units at an average density of 50 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.17% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.07% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 3.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.2% were of German, 11.8% English, 9.7% American, 9.6% Irish and 9.4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.
In 2000, there were 30,729 households, of which 38.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.70% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 18.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.19.
The county's population was spread out in terms of age, with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $51,717, and the median income for a family was $57,817. Males had a median income of $47,506 versus $26,385 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,462. About 3.80% of families and 5.40% of the population lived below the poverty line, including 5.70% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.
There are 13 historical markers throughout Lapeer county:
- Columbiaville Depot
- Currier House
- Dryden Depot
- General Squier Park
- Grand Trunk Western Railroad Depot / Imlay City
- Henry Stephens Memorial Library
- Ladies Library Hall
- Lapeer County
- Lapeer Public Library
- Pioneer Bank
- St. Patrick's Church Clifford
- United Methodist Church Columbiaville
- William Peter Mansion
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, runs county parks, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities, villages, and townships.
Lapeer County elected officials
- Prosecuting Attorney: Byron J. Konschuh
- Sheriff: Ron Kalanquin
- County Clerk: Theresa M. Spencer
- County Treasurer: Dana M. Miller
- Register of Deeds: Melissa DeVaugh
- Drain Commissioner: John D. Freeman
- County Surveyor: Ray Davis
- Road Commissioners: Douglas Hodge; Dale Duckert; Joe Suma
(information as of August, 2012)
- 40th Circuit Court: Honorable Nick O. Holowka; Honorable Michael P. Higgins
- 71A District Court: Honorable John T. Connolly; Honorable Laura Cheger Barnard
- Probate Court: Honorable Justus C. Scott
(information as of August, 2012)
Lapeer County Board of Commissioners
7 members, elected from districts (1 Democrat, 6 Republicans)
|1||Cheryl Clark (Vice-Chairman)||Democrat||Townships of Marathon, Oregon and portion of Elba|
|2||Dyle Henning||Republican||Townships of Rich, Deerfield and portion of Mayfield|
|3||Gary Roy (Chairman)||Republican||Townships of Arcadia, Burlington, Burnside, Goodland and North Branch|
|4||Lenny Schneider||Republican||City of Lapeer and portions of Lapeer and Mayfield Townships|
|5||Dave Eady||Republican||Townships of Hadley, Metamora and portion of Elba|
|6||Linda Jarvis||Republican||Townships of Attica, Dryden and portion of Lapeer|
|7||Ian Kempf||Republican||Imlay City and Townships Almont and Imlay|
Cities, villages, and townships
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Bibliography on Lapeer County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- Michigan county names per Michigan Arts and History.
- Stewart, Lyle. "A Condensed History of Lapeer County". Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Fonger, Ron (October 23, 2010). "Years in the making, Karegnondi Water Authority is ready to set new course for water". Flint Journal. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Michigan Historical Markers
- "COUNTY ELECTED OFFICIALS". Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Lapeer County
- Official Lapeer County Website
- "Bibliography on Lapeer County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.</ref>