Lapland Rifle Regiment

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lapplands jägarregemente)
Jump to: navigation, search
Lapland Ranger Regiment
Lapplands jägarregemente
(I 22, I 22/Fo 66, I 22/GJ 66)
Lapplandsjägargruppen vapen.svg
Insignia
Active 1975–2000
Country  Sweden
Branch Swedish Army
Type Arctic light infantry
Size Regiment
Colours Green and silver (white)
March "Friska tag" (1984–2000)

The Lapland Ranger Regiment (Swedish: Lapplands jägarregemente), designations I 22, I 22/Fo 66 and I 22/GJ 66, was a Swedish Army light infantry regiment, one of the few new formations raised in the 20th century. It was disbanded in 2000. The regiment was garrisoned in Lapland.

History[edit]

The regiment traced its origins from the elite "Skidlöparbataljonen" (Skirunners Battalion), of Norrbottens regemente, the battalion was raised in 1910 as the first modern ranger unit of the Swedish Army and the first unit specializing in Arctic warfare. The battalion was garrisoned in northern Lapland Kiruna in 1940 and was renamed in 1943 as Jägarbataljon K (Ranger Battalion K), K for Kiruna, which became Sweden's first special operation unit. In 1945 the battalion became an independent training unit under the army high command as the Army Ranger School Arméns jägarskola for setting up and training three army corps ranger battalions and long range recon companies and special operation units. The unit received independent regimental status with a regimental standard from the hands of the King in 1975, and was renamed Lapplands jägarregemente I 22, I 22 stood for infantry regiment no 22. The Lapland Ranger Regiment was finally disbanded in 2000. Its tasks and personnel were largely transferred to the heavier equipped "Norrlands dragonregemente" K 4 Norrland Dragon Regiment, a former mounted ranger cavalry unit that had a de facto light infantry role, later in turn reorganized and downsized as "Armens jägarbataljon" (The Army Ranger Battalion) as part of theNorrbottens regemente, the original mother regiment of Lapland Rangers.

The rangers of The Lapland Ranger Regiment and the Ranger School wore a green "commando" beret, from 1960 onward, with the unit's insignia a crowned wolf's head. For ranger qualification the soldiers had to pass a demanding 7-day march exercise, with daily distances between 25 to 50 kilometers (15–31 miles) carrying 35 to 50 kilo (77–110 pounds) rucksacks, in rough mountain terrain. Despite this the pass rate was high, due to 2 to 3 months prior extensive tough heavy load marching training for recruits.

Organisation[edit]

The regiment raised independent ranger companies, one or two per year, that was specialized in behind enemy lines operations in Arctic environment on small unit bases, ranger troops. The requirement was for a ranger troop to be able to sustain high combat capability for at least 30 days of operations behind enemy lines without supplies.

Name, designation and garrison[edit]

Name Translation From To
Lapplands jägarregemente Lapland Ranger Regiment 1 July 1975 30 June 2000
Designation From To
I 22
I 22/Fo 66 1 July 1975 1998
I 22/GJ 66 1998 30 June 2000
Training ground
or garrison town
From To
Kiruna (G) 1 July 1975 30 June 2000

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Print
  • Braunstein, Christian (2003). Sveriges arméförband under 1900-talet. Stockholm: Statens Försvarshistoriska Museer. ISBN 91-971584-4-5. 
  • Holmberg, Björn (1993). Arméns regementen, skolor och staber: en sammanställning. Arvidsjaur: Svenskt militärhistoriskt bibliotek. ISBN 91-972209-0-6. 
  • Kjellander, Rune (2003). Sveriges regementschefer 1700–2000: chefsbiografier och förbandsöversikter. Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-74-5. 
  • Nelsson, Bertil (1993). Från Brunkeberg till Nordanvind: 500 år med svenskt infanteri. Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-23-0. 
  • Svensk rikskalender 1908. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söner. 1908. 
Online

Coordinates: 67°51′15″N 20°15′49″E / 67.85417°N 20.26361°E / 67.85417; 20.26361