Laredo–Nuevo Laredo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Laredo-Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area
Laredo Borderplex
Laredo Borderplex
Largest city United States Laredo, Texas - Mexico Nuevo Laredo, TM
Other cities Campanario
Rio Bravo
El Cenizo
Subdivisions

United States Texas
  -Webb County
Mexico Tamaulipas
  -Municipality of Nuevo Laredo
Mexico Nuevo León
  -Municipality of Anahuac

Mexico Coahuila
  -Municipality of Hidalgo
Area
 • Total 418.96 km2 (161.76 sq mi)
Population (2010 official US Census / INEGI Census)
 • Total 636,516
 • Estimate (2010 World Gazetteer est.) 775,481
 • Rank 157th in the Americas (2008)
 • Density 3,643/km2 (1,407/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-6

The Laredo–Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area (UN/LOCODE: USLRD & MXNLD) is one of six bi-national metropolitan areas along the United States-Mexican border. The city of Laredo is situated in the American state of Texas on the northern bank of the Rio Grande and Nuevo Laredo is located in the Mexican State of Tamaulipas in the southern bank of the river. This metropolitan area is also known as the Two Laredos or the Laredo Borderplex. The metropolitan area is made up of one county: Webb County in Texas and three municipalities: Municipality of Nuevo Laredo in Tamaulipas, Municipality of Hidalgo in Coahuila, Municipality of Anahuac in Nuevo León in Mexico. Two urban areas: the Laredo Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Zona Metropolitana Nuevo Laredo (Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Zone) three cities and 12 towns make the Laredo–Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan area which has a total of 636,516 inhabitants according to the INEGI Census of 2010[1] and the United States Census estimate of 2010.[2] The Laredo–Nuevo Laredo is connected by four International Bridges and an International Railway Bridge. According to World Gazetteer this metropolitan area ranked 157th largest in North and South America in 2010 with an estimated population of 775,481. This area ranks 66th in the United States[3] and 23rd in Mexico.[4]

Populated Places[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1990 343,442
2000 519,801 51.4%
2010 636,516 22.5%

Laredo–Nuevo Laredo metropolitan area is formed by the following populated places:

Urban Areas[edit]

Cities[edit]

Texas[edit]

Tamaulipas[edit]

Towns[edit]

Texas[edit]

Coahuila[edit]

Tamaulipas[edit]

Nuevo León[edit]

History[edit]

Map of Laredo in 1892

Villa de San Agustin de Laredo was founded in 1755 by Don Tomas Sanchez while the area was part of a region called Nuevo Santander in the Spanish colony of New Spain. Villa de San Agustin de Laredo got its name from Laredo, Cantabria, Spain and in honor of Saint Augustine of Hippo. In 1840, Laredo was the capital of the independent Republic of the Rio Grande, set up in rebellion to the dictatorship of Antonio López de Santa Anna and brought back into Mexico by military force. In 1846, during the Mexican–American War the town was occupied by the Texas Rangers. After the war the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ceded the land to the United States. A referendum was taken in the town, which voted overwhelmingly to petition the American military government in charge of the area to return the town to Mexico. However, this petition was rejected, and in response the bulk of the population moved over the river into Mexican territory to found the new town of Nuevo Laredo.

The origin of name of Laredo is unclear. Some scholars say the name might stem from Glaretum which means "sandy, rocky place" others state that Laredo stems from Euskaro and means "beautiful prairies".[7][8] Laredo might also stem from Laridae which means gull or it might be made up of two Latin words lar which means home and edo which means birth.

Economy[edit]

The Laredo National Bank is one of the strongest banking institutions in Laredo, Texas
Map of the Laredo-Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area

Trade[edit]

More than 47% of United States international trade headed for Mexico and more than 36% of Mexican international trade crosses through the Laredo–Nuevo Laredo port of entries.[9][10] This is the reason that the borderplex's economy rotates around commercial and industrial warehousing, import, and export. The Laredo International Airport serves the Laredo area which has one-way flights to Houston, Dallas, Orlando, and Las Vegas. The city of Nuevo Laredo has the Quetzalcóatl International Airport which has daily flights to Mexico City. These airports also handle merchandise to export to the neighboring country. The Laredo–Nuevo Laredo port of entry has five international bridges crossing the Rio Grande in 2007.

International Bridges[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Major highways in Laredo and their starting and ending points:

Major highways in Nuevo Laredo and their starting and ending points:

Retail Sales[edit]

Foggy morning at Mall Del Norte

Retail sales also helps the Laredo–Nuevo Laredo economy, it attracts shoppers from Northern Mexico and South Texas.[11] The major mall is Mall del Norte. The Streets of Laredo Urban Mall is an association created by businesses located in Iturbide Street in the San Agustin historical district to beautify and renovate the area.[12]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Name Frequency Language City Website
Laredo Morning Times Daily English Laredo lmtonline.com
LareDOS Monthly English Laredo laredosnews.com
El Mañana Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo/Laredo elmanana.com.mx
El Diario de Nuevo Laredo Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo diario.net
Primera Hora Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo primerahora.com
Última Hora Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo ultimahora.com

Television[edit]

According to Nielsen Media Research, the Laredo region (which includes Webb and Zapata counties) is ranked 185th market by population size in the United States.[13] The first station to broadcast in Laredo was KGNS in 1956, followed by KVTV in 1973, then KJTB (now KLDO) in 1985.

Notably television networks missing from Laredo's airwaves are PBS and The CW. Laredo once had a full-power local affiliate, KGNS-DT2 until the affiliation switched to ABC. Prior to that KJTB channel 27, was affiliated to ABC from January 1985 to October 1988. KJTB was later bought by Entravision and affiliated the station to Telemundo and changed its callsign to KLDO. Today KLDO is affiliated to Univision. Before KJTB, KGNS, an NBC affiliate had a secondary affiliation to ABC from its founding in 1956 through KJTB's founding in 1985. On November 6, 2013, KGNS reached an agreement with the ABC Television Network to add the ABC affiliation. The launch for the ABC affiliate will be on February 2014 on KGNS's subchannel 8.2 and will carry ABC's entire schedule.[14] It's unknown if Laredo CW 19 would move to either 8.3 or to just disaffiliate with the network entirely.

On December 2014 all Nuevo Laredo stations must turn off analog television broadcasting and broadcast digitally only.[15]

CH VC DT DTV Dish TWC Callsign Network Resolution City of License Official Website Notes
2 2.1 17.1  •  • 99 XEFE Televisa local 480i Nuevo Laredo  • Last station to broadcast in digital
 • 8.1 8.1 8 8 10 KGNS NBC HD 1080i Laredo pro8news.com  •
 • 8.2 8.2  • 15 19 KGNS-DT2 ABC HD 720p Laredo kgns.tv  •
 • 8.3 8.3  • 16 25 KGNS-DT3 Telemundo SD 480i Laredo telemundo.com  •
 •  •  •  •  • 11 KLRN PBS Analog San Antonio klrn.org  •
 • 10.1CP 10.1CP  •  •  • K10QK-DCP CarismaTV SD 480i Laredo feypoder.com Construction permit expires 7/2014
11 11.1 25.1  •  • 14 XHBR Canal de las Estrellas HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo televisa.com  •
 • 13.1 13.1 13 13 6 KVTV CBS HD 1080i Laredo cbs.com  •
 • 13.2 13.2 13 13 6 KVTV CBS SD 480i Laredo kvtv13laredo.com  •
 • 13.20 51.2  •  •  • XHLAT-TDT2 Dark SD 480i Nuevo Laredo  • ID: FVDld
 • 14.3 14.3  •  •  • KNEX Testing HD 1080i Laredo  •  •
 • 15.1 15.1  •  •  • KLMV BVB SD 480i Laredo buenav.net  •
 • 15.2 15.2  •  •  • KLMV-LD2 Infomercials SD 480i Laredo  •  •
 • 15.3 15.3  •  •  • KLMV-LD3 Vida Vision SD 480i Laredo buenav.net  •
 • 19.3 19.3  •  •  • KLDO-DT3 Dark SD 480i Laredo  •  •
21 21.1 50.1  •  • 98 XHLNA Azteca 13 HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo tvazteca.com  •
 • 21.2 50.2  •  •  • XHLNA-TDT2 Proyecto 40 HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo proyecto40.com  •
 • 27.1 19.1 27 27 78.1 KLDO Univision HD 1080i Laredo kldotv.com  •
 • 27.2 19.2  •  •  • KLDO-DT2 LATV SD 480i Laredo latv.com  •
 • 31.1 31.1  •  • 77 KETF UniMás SD 480i Laredo ketftv.com  •
 • 31.2 31.2 39 39 2.2 KETF-CD2 Fox / MyNet HD 720p Laredo myfoxlaredo.com  •
33 33.1 51.1  •  •  • XHLAT Azteca 7 HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo tvazteca.com  •
 • 39.1 27.3 39 39 2.2 KXOF Fox HD 720p Laredo mylaredofox.com  •
 • 39.2 27.4  •  •  • KXOF-CD2 MundoFox SD 480i Laredo mundofox.com  •
 • 40.1CP 40.1CP  •  •  • K40NU-D Maranatha Church TV SD 480i Laredo  • Construction permit expires 10/2016
45 45.1 32.1  •  • 15 XHNAT Multimedios Plus SD 480i Nuevo Laredo multimedios.tv  •
 • 45.2 32.2  •  •  • XHNAT-TDT2 Milenio TV HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo milenio.tv  •
 • 45.3 32.3  •  •  • XHNAT-TDT3 Teleritmo SD 480i Nuevo Laredo multimedios.tv  •
57 57.1 38.1  •  •  • XHLAR Televisa Regional SD 480i Nuevo Laredo televisa.com  •

CP: Construction Permit

Radio[edit]

According to Arbitron, the Laredo region (which includes Jim Hogg, Webb, and Zapata counties) is ranked 191th market by population size.[16]

AM radio[edit]

Frequency Callsign Brand City of License Website Webcast
530 WPMQ285 TxDOT HAR Laredo  •  •
790 XEFE La Mera Ley Nuevo Laredo  • listen live
890 KVOZ Radio Cristiana Laredo lanuevaradiocristiana.com  •
960 XEK La Grande Nuevo Laredo xek.com listen live
1000 XENLT Radio Formula Nuevo Laredo radioformula.com listen live
1090 XEWL La Romantica Nuevo Laredo radiorama.com listen live
1300 KLAR Radio Poder Laredo feypoder.com listen live
1340 XEBK Mega 95.7 Nuevo Laredo radiorama.com listen live
1370 XEGNK Radio Mexicana Nuevo Laredo radiorama.com listen live
1410 XEAS Ke Buena Nuevo Laredo kebuena.com listen live
1490 KLNT Super Tejano Laredo klnt1490.com listen live
1550 XENU La Rancherita Nuevo Laredo radiorama.com listen live
1610 WQA200 CBP Information Laredo  •  •
Long range AM stations[edit]

The following Clear Channel AM stations can be heard in Laredo:

Frequency Callsign Brand City of License Website Webcast
680 KKYX Country Legends 680 San Antonio kkyx.com listen live
720 KSAH Norteño 720 San Antonio  •  •
740 KTRH Newsradio 740 KTRH Houston ktrh.com listen live
760 KTKR Ticket 760 AM San Antonio ticket760.com listen live
990 XET La T Grande Monterrey  • listen live
1030 KCTA KCTA 1030 AM Corpus Christi kctaradio.com listen live
1050 XEG Ranchera de Monterrey Monterrey rancherademonterrey.com listen live
1140 XEMR MR Deportes Monterrey  •  •
1200 WOAI News Radio 1200 San Antonio radio.woai.com listen live
1210 KUBR Radio Cristiana San Juan  • listen live
1530 KGBT La Tremenda 1530 Harlingen latremenda1530.com  •

FM radio[edit]

Frequency Callsign Brand Format City of License Website Webcast
88.1 KHOY Catholic Radio Religious Laredo khoy.org listen live
88.9 XHLDO Radio Tamaulipas Public Radio Nuevo Laredo tamaulipas.gob listen live
89.9 KBNL Radio Manantial Spanish Religious Laredo kbnl.com listen live
91.3 XHNOE Stereo 91 Spanish Contemporary Nuevo Laredo xhnoe.com listen live
92.7 KJBZ Z93 Tejano Laredo z93laredo.com listen live
93.7 "XHNLT"PR Radio Estereo Uncion FM Christian Radio Nuevo Laredo uncionfeypoder.com listen live
94.1 XHTLN Imagen / RMX Laredo Talk / Contemporary Nuevo Laredo rmx.com.mx listen live
94.9 KQUR Digital 94.9 Spanish Pop Laredo digital949.com listen live
95.3 XHLPZ La Traviesa Spanish Regional Lampazos
95.7 XHBK Mega 95.7 Spanish Contemporary Nuevo Laredo radioavanzado.com listen live
96.5 "XHTWO"PR Radio Two Norteño Nuevo Laredo listen live
97.1 XHNLO La Caliente Norteño Nuevo Laredo mmradio.com listen live
98.1 KRRG Big Buck Country Country Laredo bigbuck98.com listen live
99.3 XHNK 40 Principales Top 40 Nuevo Laredo radiorama.com listen live
100.5 KBDR La Ley Tejano Laredo laley1005.com listen live
101.5 XHAS Ke Buena Norteño Nuevo Laredo kebuena.com listen live
102.3 XHMW Stereo Vida AC/Oldies Nuevo Laredo radiorama.com listen live
102.9 nonePR La Guerrera de la Frontera International Nuevo Laredo laguerrera.mx listen live
103.3 nonePR Radio 33 Spanish Religious Nuevo Laredo feypoder.com listen live
104.5 nonePR 2 Beat Electronica Nuevo Laredo
104.9 XHNLR Radio UAT University Radio Nuevo Laredo uat.mx listen live
105.1 nonePR RN Radio Spanish Nuevo Laredo rn105.com listen live
105.5 nonePR Mas Musica Spanish Nuevo Laredo
106.1 KNEX Hot 106.1 Urban / Rhythmic Top 40 Laredo hot1061.com listen live
106.5 nonePR Radio Voz Norteño Nuevo Laredo radiovoz1065.net listen live
107.3 XHGTS 107.3 Me Gusta Spanish Pop Nuevo Laredo xhgts.com listen live
162.55 WXK26 NOAA Weather Radio Weather Laredo noaa.gov  •

PR:Suspected pirate radio stations since they are not licensed with Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the United States or COFETEL in Mexico.[17][18] Some pirate stations are suspected, due to the fact that other licensed stations nearby share the same frequency, such as 106.5 Radio Voz and KMAE from nearby Bruni, Texas and 103.3 Radio 33 and XHAHU-FM from nearby Anáhuac, Nuevo León, each city less than 50 miles from Laredo.

Internet Radio[edit]

Name Format Website Webcast
Power Hits HD Classic Rock powerhitshd.net listen live

Sports[edit]

Laredo is home to four semiprofessional sports teams. The Laredo Bucks are a Central Hockey League hockey team in the Southern Conference's Southeast Division. The Bucks have been the League's Champion twice in 2003 and 2005. The Laredo Heat is a Premier Development League soccer team in the Southern Conference's Mid South Division. Laredo are the current USL Premier Development League champions, having defeated 2006 champions Michigan Bucks in a penalty shootout, following a 0-0 draw in the 2007 championship game. The Laredo Broncos are a baseball team in the United League. Nuevo Laredo is home to the Mexican Soccer League's Second Division Bravos de Nuevo Laredo. Both Laredo were home to the Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos which were the only Mexican Baseball League team to play in both the United States and Mexico. The Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos were the Mexican Baseball League Champions in 1953, 1954, 1958, 1977, and 1989. In 2008 the Tecolotes came back to Nuevo Laredo and they are known as the Tecolotres de Nuevo Laredo.

Gallery[edit]

Pictures of Laredo, Texas[edit]

Pictures of Nuevo Laredo, Mexico[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 27°30′01″N 99°30′10″W / 27.5002397°N 99.5027876°W / 27.5002397; -99.5027876