Map of Siquijor with Larena highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||Lone district of Siquijor|
|Barangay||23 (see § Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Dean Villa (LP)|
|• Vice mayor||Gold Calibo|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||49.81 km2 (19.23 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||260/km2 (670/sq mi)|
|• Voters (2013)||9,979|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD :||+63 (0)35|
|Income class||5th class|
Larena is a fifth income class municipality in the province of Siquijor, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 12,931. In the last election, it had 9,979 registered voters.
Larena's port is the gateway to and largest port on Siquijor Island. It can accommodate ships up to 1000 tons and is serviced by five shipping companies, providing passenger and cargo service to Cebu City, Tagbilaran in Bohol, Dumaguete City in Negros Oriental, and Plaridel, Misamis Occidental.
Larena comprises 23 barangays:
- Helen (Datag)
- Poblacion North
- Poblacion South
Can‑oan, which was how Larena was known during the Spanish period, had long been a flourishing township. It was mainly due to this fact that the Spanish authorities developed it into a headtown or cabecera for the whole island of Siquijor.
With the coming of the Americans at the turn of the century, Can‑oan still was regarded as a cabecera where lieutenant governor James Fugate, the first American governor of Siquijor, held office for sixteen years ending in 1916. In the same year, the authorities in Manila, acting on the recommendation of local authorities officially declared Canoan as a capital town. During his term which began in 1901, Governor Demetrio Larena, the first Filipino governor for Negros Oriental and Siquijor, changed the name of Can‑oan to Larena, his own name, which was duly approved by the Philippine legislature.
In 1918, Donato de los Nieves was appointed the first municipal mayor of Larena, serving until 1922. He was followed by Timoteo Lomongo who won in the 1922 election. In 1926, Timoteo Yurong became the third elected mayor of Larena. In the following election of 1930, Leoncio Quijano became mayor, followed by Cornelio Padayhag in the later part of 1937 and through the war years without break until replaced by Francisco Marti during the early months of the liberation period.
In the first post-war elections of 1946, Nepunoceno Calibo who ran under the Liberal Party, was elected mayor. In the 1949 election Conrado Cayongcong was elected to office. He was followed by Antonio Albito in 1953.
From then on until the declaration of martial law in 1972, several people shared the mayoral seat after every four years. Mayor Albito was followed by Restituto Calibo. Then Antonio Albito served as mayor again. In the following election, he was replaced by Herbert Calibo, who in turn was followed by Soledado Lumosad. Juanito Calibo followed and stayed for most of the martial law era and again succeeded by Herbert Calibo.
The post-EDSA Revolution saw Remedios Albito mayor until the present, besting others in three elections since then. Thus the intertwined dynasties continue.
All through the years, spanning the time before and after the war, Larena maintained its position as the hub of business activities in the province. The small but safe port of Larena is a strategic port of call for merchant ships from major cities in Central Visayas and Northern Mindanao. It is home to two commercial banks and a rural bank. Nationally known commercial establishments usually set their shops here.[examples needed]
|Population census of Larena|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
One of the remaining bright spots of the town of Larena is the continuous evolution of one of its educational institutions. The Larena Sub-Provincial High School, another landmark, established during the time of Governor Vicente Villanueva evolved to become the Larena National Vocational School and then to Larena National Vocational College, drawing a great number of young people all over the province and neighboring provinces to its fold.
On March 3, 1995, LNVC was converted into a state college now known as Siquijor State College (SSC). In 2006, a second campus was named SSC-Lazi Campus in the town of Lazi.
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Geography". Provincial Government of Siquijor Province. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "2013 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2013.
- "Infrastructure Profile". Provincial Government of Siquijor Province. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "Municipality of Larena". Provincial Government of Siquijor. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011.