Large goods vehicle
A large goods vehicle (also heavy goods vehicle, medium goods vehicle, LGV and HGV), is the European Union term for any truck with a gross combination mass (GCM) of over 3,500 kilograms (7,716 lb). Sub-category N2 is used for vehicles between 3,500 kilograms (7,716 lb) and 12,000 kilograms (26,455 lb) and N3 for all goods vehicles over 12,000 kilograms (26,455 lb) as defined in Directive 2001/116/EC. The term medium goods vehicle is used within parts of the UK government to refer to goods vehicles of between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes which according to the EU are also 'large goods vehicles'.
Commercial carrier vehicles of under 3,500 kilograms (7,716 lb) are referred to as Light commercial vehicles and come into category N1. Confusingly though, parts of the UK government refer to these as 'Light Goods Vehicles' (also abbreviated 'LGV'), with the term 'LGV' appearing on tax disks for these smaller vehicles. Tax discs use the term 'HGV' for vehicles over 3.5 tonnes.
- Category C1 allows the holder to drive a large goods vehicle with a maximum authorised mass (gross vehicle weight) of up to 7,500 kilograms (16,535 lb) with a trailer up a maximum authorised mass of up to 750 kilograms (1,653 lb). This licence can be obtained at 18 years of age. and is the replacement for the HGV Class 3 in the UK, the old HGV Class 3 being any two-axle goods vehicle over 7,500 kilograms (16,535 lb).
- Category C1+E allows the holder to drive a large goods vehicle with a maximum authorised mass (gross vehicle weight) of up to 7,500 kilograms (16,535 lb) with a trailer over 750 kilograms (1,653 lb) maximum authorised mass, provided that the maximum authorised mass of the trailer does not exceed the unladen mass of the vehicle being driven and that the combined maximum authorised mass of both the vehicle and trailer does not exceed 12,000 kilograms (26,455 lb).
- Category C allows the holder to drive any large goods vehicle with a trailer with a maximum authorised mass of up to 750 kilograms (1,653 lb). This is effectively the new HGV Class 2 in the UK, the old HGV Class 2 being any rigid goods vehicle with more than two axles.
- Category C+E: allows the holder to drive any large goods vehicle with a trailer with a maximum authorised mass of over 750 kilograms (1,653 lb). This licence could only be obtained after 6 months experience of a Class 2 truck, but more recently the law has changed to the effect that you can now do back to back tests, i.e. Category C first then C+E the following week. This is the new Class 1 licence.
Drivers who passed a Category B (car) test before 1 January 1997, will have received Categories C1 and C1+E (Restriction Code 107: not more than 8,250 kilograms (18,188 lb)) through the Implied Rights issued by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) (more commonly known as Grandfather Rights).
In Canada's province of Ontario, drivers holding a Class A licence can drive tractor-trailers where the gross weight of the towed vehicle exceeds 4.6 tonnes (4,600 kilograms (10,141 lb)). Drivers holding a Class B (school bus), C (regular bus) or D (heavy truck) licence can drive trucks weighing 11 tonnes (11,000 kilograms (24,251 lb)), with the towed vehicle weighing a maximum of 4.6 tonnes (Ibid.).
- "Towing trailers with medium sized vehicles between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes". DirectGov.
- "The cost of vehicle tax". DirectGov. "The cost of vehicle tax for cars, motorcycles, light goods vehicles and trade licences. Tax classes include: private/light goods vehicles, motorcycles and tricycles ... The cost of vehicle tax for buses and larger vehicles. Tax classes include buses, reduced pollution buses, general haulage, reduced pollution general haulage, recovery vehicles and private HGV"
- "The vehicles you can drive or ride and minimum ages". DirectGov.
- "Licence Types". Government of Ontario - Ministry of Transportation. MTO.gov.on.ca. 23 January 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2009.