Larger Urban Zone

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Eurostat, the European Union's statistical agency, has created the concept of Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) in an effort to harmonise definitions of urbanisation in the European Union and in countries outside the European Union.[1] These definitions were agreed between Eurostat and the National Statistics Offices of the different countries of the European Union at the European Commission's Urban Audit of 2004.[2]

In 2006 LUZ definitions were changed significantly improving the comparability of LUZ definitions across different countries. Several cities, such as Marseille, Lille and Nice, are excluded by definition from the list of LUZs on technical, definitional grounds, such as the coincidence of the metropolitan area with the urban zone.[3][4][5]

The latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from candidate countries and EFTA countries.

Eurostat's urban definitions[edit]

The list below shows the population sizes of cities in the European Union as well as candidate countries and non-EU EFTA countries. The list is limited to those cities whose Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) have populations of at least 500,000. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area. Eurostat's objective was to have an area from a significant share of the resident commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region." To ensure a good data availability, Eurostat adjusts the LUZ boundaries to administrative boundaries that approximate the functional urban region.

Ranking methodology[edit]

The list below contains the cities in the European Union and associated countries that participated in the third round of the Urban Audit programme. The cities are ranked by the size of the population of the Larger Urban Zone. The figures in the Eurostat database are an attempt at a compromise between harmonised data for all of the European Union, and with availability of statistical data, making comparisons more accurate. The data used is from the 2006 Urban Audit III, which uses information collected for 2004.[6]

List of LUZs by population[edit]

Although the latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and EU candidate countries, the only candidate country for which there is available data is Turkey. (Marseille, Lille, Nice, Cordoba, Badajoz, Toulon and Montpellier should be added on the updated 2004 list: see the French Wiki page for the complete and updated 2004 list). The 2008 updated data from Urban Audit IV[7] has been partially published (still missing cities). The Urban Audit V with 2011 data was to be published from 2013 on,[8] but as of January 2014 "the results of the 2011 data collection are being collected."[9]

Rank City name Country LUZ population LUZ area (km²) Population Density (per km²)
1 London
London
 United Kingdom 11,905,500 8,920[10] 1,336
2 Paris
Paris
 France 11,532,409 12,079.87[10] 918
3 Istanbul
Istanbul
 Turkey 11,044,642 5,313 2,564
4 Madrid
Madrid
 Spain 5,804,829 8,022 724
5 Ruhr
Dortmund
 Germany 5,302,179 4,435 1,196
6 Berlin
Berlin
 Germany 4,971,331 17,385 286
7 Barcelona
Barcelona
 Spain 4,440,629 1,796.64 2,356
8 Athens
Athens
 Greece 4,013,368 3,806.92 1,054
9 Ankara
Ankara
 Turkey 3,708,047
10 Rome
Rome
 Italy 3,457,690 3,666.66 943
11 Hamburg
Hamburg
 Germany 3,134,620 7,304 429
12 Milan
Milan
 Italy 3,076,643 1,348.32 2,282
13 Katowice
Katowice
 Poland 2,710,397 2,650.65 1,023
14 Stuttgart
Stuttgart
 Germany 2,663,660 3,654 729
15 Warsaw
Warsaw
 Poland 2,660,406 5,198.52 512
16 Munich
Munich
 Germany 2,531,706 5,504 460
17 Budapest
Budapest
 Hungary 2,524,697 2,538[10] 943
18 Frankfurt
Frankfurt am Main
 Germany 2,517,561 4,305 585
19 Izmir
Izmir
 Turkey 2,440,902
20 Lisbon
Lisbon
 Portugal 2,435,837 1,432.49 1,700
21 Birmingham
Birmingham
 United Kingdom 2,284,093 1,598 1,475
22 Naples
Naples
 Italy 2,253,964 564.95 3,990
23 Manchester
Manchester
 United Kingdom 2,240,230 1,280 1,984
24 Vienna
Vienna
 Austria 2,179,769 4,610.93[10] 473
25 Bucharest
Bucharest
 Romania 2,140,194 662 3,233
26 Prague
Prague
 Czech Republic 1,964,750 6,977[10] 282
27 Cologne
Cologne
 Germany 1,873,580 1,626 1,152
28 Stockholm
Stockholm
 Sweden 1,860,872 6,519 285
29 Copenhagen
Copenhagen
 Denmark 1,806,667[10] 2,759[10] 655
30 Brussels
Brussels
 Belgium 1,800,663 1,613.91 1,116
31 Glasgow
Glasgow
 United Kingdom 1,747,100 3,346 522
32 Turin
Turin
 Italy 1,745,221 1,878.97 929
33 Lyon
Lyon
 France 1,717,300 5,997.68[10] 286
34 Valencia
Valencia
 Spain 1,564,145 1,440.58 1,086
35 Dublin
Dublin
 Ireland 1,535,446[10] 114.99 4,588
36 Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
 Germany 1,525,029 1,201 1,270
37 Leeds
Leeds-Bradford
 United Kingdom 1,499,465 5,114[10] 468
38 Bursa
Bursa
 Turkey 1,458,067
39 Amsterdam
Amsterdam
 Netherlands 1,571,234 859.28 1,680
40 Adana
Adana
 Turkey 1,384,680
41 Liverpool
Liverpool
 United Kingdom 1,365,900 821 1,664
42 Bielefeld
Bielefeld
 Germany 1,297,876 2,921 444
43 Hanover
Hanover
 Germany 1,294,447 2,966 436
44 Nuremberg
Nuremberg
 Germany 1,288,797 2,934 439
45 Sheffield
Sheffield
 United Kingdom 1,277,100 1,846 692
46 Kraków
Kraków
 Poland 1,264,322 2,988.65 423
47 Sofia
Sofia
 Bulgaria 1,263,807[10] 3,424.2[10] 369
48 Seville
Seville
 Spain 1,249,346 3,081.9 405
49 Bremen
Bremen
 Germany 1,249,291 5,885 213
50 Helsinki
Helsinki
 Finland 1,224,107 2,969.94 412
51 Rotterdam
Rotterdam
 Netherlands 1,186,818 611.75 1,940
52 Łódź
Łódź
 Poland 1,163,516 2,857.51 407
53 Ostrava
Ostrava
 Czech Republic 1,153,876 3,896[10] 296
54 Zagreb
Zagreb
 Croatia 1,110,517 3,719 299
55 Zürich
Zürich
  Switzerland 1,110,478 1,086.14 1,022
56 Gdańsk
Gdańsk
 Poland 1,105,203 3,457.32 320
57 Porto
Porto
 Portugal 1,099,040 562.32 1,954
58 Oslo
Oslo
 Norway 1,090,513 6,920 158
59 Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
 United Kingdom 1,055,600 3,385 312
60 Toulouse
Toulouse
 France 1,052,497 4,706.93[10] 224
61 Gaziantep
Gaziantep!
 Turkey 1,042,732
62 Wrocław
Wrocław
 Poland 1,031,439 4,582.2 225
63 Poznań
Poznań
 Poland 1,018,511 3,719.2 274
64 Bristol
Bristol
 United Kingdom 1,006,600 1,635 616
65 Riga
Riga
 Latvia 1,003,949 5,382.5 187
66 Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
 Greece 995,766 1,455.62
67 Bordeaux
Bordeaux
 France 981,370
68 The Hague
The Hague
 Netherlands 978,161
69 Bilbao
Bilbao
 Spain 939,994
70 Konya
 Turkey 919,433
71 Antwerp
Antwerpen
 Belgium 915,258
72 Bonn
Bonn
 Germany 908,503
73 Leipzig
Leipzig
 Germany 904,401
74 Dresden
Dresden
 Germany 902,067
75 Göteborg
Göteborg
 Sweden 873,335
76 Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
 Germany 855,317
77 Palermo
Palermo
 Italy 855,285
78 Vilnius
Vilnius city.jpg
 Lithuania 850,300
79 Cardiff
Cardiff
 United Kingdom 841,600
80 Nottingham
Nottingham
 United Kingdom 825,600 4,073 202
81 Diyarbakir
Diyarbakir
 Turkey 814,874
82 Antalya
Antalya
 Turkey 814,685
83 Genoa
Via Brigata Liguria Genova 01.jpg
 Italy 800,709[11]
84 Edinburgh
Edinburgh. View from Calton Hill.jpg
 United Kingdom 787,700
85 Szczecin
Szczecin by night 01.jpg
 Poland 777,806
86 Leicester
Leicester Town Hall.jpg
 United Kingdom 772,400
87 Nantes
Nantes - Erdre.jpg
 France 751,085
88 Bologna
Bologna-SanPetronioPiazzaMaggiore1.jpg
 Italy 743,965
89 Brno
Výhled ze Staré radnice na Petrov.jpg
 Czech Republic 728,101
90 Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe Germany CastleByNight.jpg
 Germany 712,475
91 Málaga
View Malaga From Muelle 1.jpg
 Spain 699,916
92 Florence
Sunset over florence 1.jpg
 Italy 696,767
93 Zaragoza
Basilica del Pilar-sunset.jpg
 Spain 685,873
94 Kayseri
Kayseri-Kalesi-saimkamil.jpg
 Turkey 675,734
95 Aarhus
 Denmark 663,472 5,400 123
96 Lublin
Lublin Castle 5 Lublin 28.jpg
 Poland 652,642 2,883 226
97 Coventry
Coventry by night.jpg
 United Kingdom 651,000
98 Kiel
Kiel Rathaus 0336.jpg!
 Germany 641,905
99 Belfast
City Hall And The Belfast Wheel.jpg
 United Kingdom 641,638
100 Strasbourg
Strasbourg
 France 634,275
101 Augsburg
Augsburg Fronhof Alter Bischofssitz.jpg
 Germany 629,139
102 Liège
Liege View 03.jpg
 Belgium 626,357
103 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria-Panoramic view over the city.jpg
 Spain 625,892
104 Bari
Bari Cattedrale San Sabino esterno2.jpg
 Italy 623,298
105 Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg Abendlicht.jpg
 Germany 618,467
106 Venice
San Marco.jpg
 Italy 612,245
107 Padua
Padua
 Italy 605,709
108 Izmit
İzmit merkezi.jpg
 Turkey 601,351
109 Bratislava
Slovak National Theatre in Bratislava - Old building.jpg
 Slovakia 601,132
110 Palma
Palma de Mallorca-cathedral.jpg
 Spain 593,386
111 Magdeburg
ViewOfMagdeburg.jpg
 Germany 588,875
112 Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz - Bazylika.jpg
 Poland 582,927
113 Kingston upon Hull
Qg-hmm.jpg
 United Kingdom 573,300
114 Catania
Catania BW 2012-10-06 11-11-06.jpg
 Italy 572,302
115 Utrecht
Utrecht-Oost tijdens onweer vanaf IBB-flat.JPG
 Netherlands 564,485
116 Verona
Verona - ponte pietra at sunset.jpg
 Italy 563,952
117 Rennes
Opera-rennes-nuit.jpg
 France 553,579
118 Malmö
Turning torso by night1.jpg
 Sweden 550,289
119 Vigo
Pastorcaixanova.jpg
 Spain 548,799
120 Erfurt
Erfurter Weihnachtsmarkt.JPG
 Germany 543,226
121 Grenoble
Grenoble july 2009.JPG
 France 541,888
122 Linz
Lentia-20060923.jpg
 Austria 532,995
123 Białystok
Białystok, Pałac Branickich (pn-wsch).jpg
 Poland 523,958
124 Tallinn
Tallinn old and new, Dec 2006.jpg
 Estonia 521,410
125 Rouen
Rouen Cathedral.jpg
 France 519,318
126 Santa Cruz
SantaCruz1.jpg
 Spain 507,306
127 Malatya  Turkey 501,849

Urban Audit[edit]

Eurostat's Urban Audit is about much more than demographics. In order for it to be useful as a policy tool to the European Commission and other authorities it contains data for over 250 indicators across the following domains:[12][13]

  • Demography
  • Social Aspects
  • Economic Aspects
  • Civic Involvement
  • Training and Education
  • Environment
  • Travel and Transport
  • Information Society
  • Culture and Recreation

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]