Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits

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This article is about the largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits. For the largest city areas in Europe, (including those outside the European Union), see List of metropolitan areas in Europe. For a list of European cities by country, see List of cities in Europe.


This is a list of the largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits which have more than 300,000 inhabitants.[1] It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or Larger Urban Zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. For example, the populations of Greater London and Greater Paris constitute the largest urban areas in the EU, but the strict definition of the limits of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table below.

Cities over 300,000 inhabitants[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Official population (actual). Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the Capital of Belgium as well as the EU.

Rank City State Eurostat population (2003–2006)[2][dead link] Official population (actual) Date of census/estimate References Image
1 London[3]  United Kingdom 7,429,200 8,615,246 1 June 2014 [4] London from a hot air balloon.jpg
2 Berlin  Germany 3,387,828 3,517,424 30 December 2013 [5] Siegessaeule Aussicht 10-13 img4 Tiergarten.jpg
3 Madrid  Spain 3,228,319 3,165,235 1 January 2014 [6] Cuatro Torres Business Area.JPG
4 Rome  Italy 2,553,873 2,870,528 30 July 2014 [7] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
5 Paris  France 2,181,374 2,273,305 1 January 2013 [8] Sunset over Paris 5, France August 2013.jpg
6 Bucharest  Romania 1,927,448 1,883,425 20 October 2011 [9] Bucharest-Skyline-01.jpg
7 Vienna  Austria 1,598,626 1,793,667 1 October 2014 [10] Donau City from Donauinsel on 2014-08-28.png
8 Hamburg[11]  Germany 1,734,830 1,746,342 30 December 2013 [12] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
9 Budapest  Hungary 1,695,814 1,744,665 1 January 2014 [13] Budapest Parlament Building.jpg
10 Warsaw  Poland 1,716,855 1,729,119 31 March 2014 [14] Palace of Culture and Science (9629674033).jpg
11 Barcelona  Spain 1,621,537 1,611,822 1 January 2013 [6] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
12 Munich  Germany 1,249,176 1,407,836 31 December 2013 [15] Stadtbild München.jpg
13 Milan  Italy 1,299,439 1,331,715 30 July 2014 [7] Milano skyline.jpg
14 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,138,950 1,291,895 14 December 2014 [16] Road junction @ Sitnyakovo blvd, Sofia.jpg
15 Prague  Czech Republic 1,290,846 1,246,780 1 January 2013 [17] Prague old town square panorama.jpg
16 Brussels[18]  Belgium 1,175,831 1,175,831 1 January 2014 [19] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
17 Birmingham  United Kingdom 992,400 1,092,330 30 June 2013 [4] Birmingham (UK) skyline - Centenary Square 640.jpg
18 Cologne  Germany 969,709 1,034,175 31 December 2013 [20] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
19 Naples  Italy 995,171 989,846 30 July 2014 [7] Napoli6.png
20 Stockholm  Sweden 761,721 909,976 31 January 2014 [21] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
21 Turin  Italy 902,255 900,372 30 July 2014 [7] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
22 Marseille  France 1,023,973 850,726 31 December 2010 [22] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
23 Amsterdam  Netherlands 767,849 813,562 31 May 2014 [23] Amsterdam airphoto.jpg
24 Zagreb  Croatia 779,145 790,017 31 March 2011 [24] Zagreb Night.jpg
25 Valencia  Spain 1,294,732 786,424 1 January 2014 [6] Valencia Arts.jpg
26 Kraków  Poland 758,992 760,700 31 March 2014 [14] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
27 Leeds  United Kingdom 743,247 757,655 30 June 2012 [4] LeedsSkyline2013.jpg
28 Łódź  Poland 744,541 709,757 31 March 2014 [14] Lodz panorama2.jpg
29 Frankfurt  Germany 646,889 701,350 31 December 2013 [25] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
30 Riga  Latvia 735,241 701,185 1 January 2014 [26] Riga - Latvia.jpg
31 Seville  Spain 704,203 696,676 1 January 2014 [6] Plaza de España 20-03-2013.JPG
32 Palermo  Italy 675,277 677,015 31 July 2014 [7] Palermo02 flickr.jpg
33 Zaragoza  Spain 638,799 666,058 1 January 2014 [6] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
34 Athens  Greece 796,442 664,046 24 May 2011 [27] View of Athens from Lycabettus.jpg
35 Wrocław  Poland 636,268 632,432 31 March 2014 [14] Rynek Wroclaw Summer 2010.JPG
37 Rotterdam  Netherlands 598,923 616,528 31 January 2013 [28] Erasmusbrug seen from Euromast.jpg
38 Helsinki  Finland 559,716 605,523 28 February 2013 [29] Skyline of Helsinki as seen from the Erottaja fire station.jpg
39 Stuttgart  Germany 590,657 604,297 31 December 2013 [30] Burgholzhof Panorama-pjt.jpg
40 Glasgow  United Kingdom 629,501 596,550 31 December 2013 [31] Glasgow Finnieston area.jpg
41 Genoa  Italy 605,084 594,774 31 July 2014 [7] Genova dal Castelletto.jpg
42 Düsseldorf  Germany 572,663 593,682 31 December 2012 [20] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
42 Dortmund  Germany 588,680 575,944 31 December 2013 [20] DK DO Skyline 300ppi CC BY NC SA-20140223-3068.jpg
43 Essen  Germany 588,084 569,884 31 December 2013 [20] Essen-Panorama.jpg
44 Málaga  Spain 547,731 566,913 1 January 2014 [6] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
45 Copenhagen  Denmark 501,664 559,440 1 January 2013 [32] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
46 Sheffield  United Kingdom 516,100 557,382 30 June 2012 [4] Sheffield skyline.png
47 Lisbon  Portugal 529,485 547,631 1 January 2011 [33] Parque das Nações (9322011439).jpg
48 Poznań  Poland 570,778 547,161 31 March 2014 [14] Poznan centrum.jpg
49 Bremen  Germany 545,932 546,451 31 December 2012 [34] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
50 Vilnius  Lithuania 552,800 537,152 1 January 2013 [35] Vilnius Skyline.jpg
51 Leipzig  Germany 498,491 531,562 31 December 2013 [36] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
52 Dresden  Germany 487,421 530,754 31 December 2013 [36] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
53 Gothenburg  Sweden 466,990[37] 528,014 31 March 2013 [21] Göteborg 2009 ubt.JPG
54 Dublin  Ireland 471,841 527,612 10 April 2011 [38] The Samuel Beckett Bridge.jpg
55 Bradford  United Kingdom 481,100 524,619 30 June 2012 [4] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
56 Hanover  Germany 515,841 514,137 31 December 2012 [39] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
57 The Hague  Netherlands 469,059 510,909 1 May 2014 [40] The Hague skyline.JPG
58 Manchester  United Kingdom 437,000 510,772 30 June 2012 [4] Manchester Skyline.jpg
59 Antwerp  Belgium 455,148 510,610 1 January 2014 [41] OLV-Kathedraal.jpg
60 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 453,700 495,360 30 June 2011 [31] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
61 Nuremberg  Germany 495,302 495,121 31 December 2012 [15] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
62 Duisburg  Germany N/A 486,816 31 December 2012 [20] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
63 Lyon  France 1,226,249 484,344 31 December 2010 [42] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
64 Liverpool  United Kingdom 444,500 469,690 30 June 2012 [4] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - 1004690.jpg
65 Gdańsk  Poland 459,072 460,354 30 June 2012 [14] 2053 Gdańsk. Kościół św. Katarzyny. Widok na miasto. Foto Barbara Maliszewska.JPG
66 Toulouse  France 651,586 441,802 31 December 2010 [43] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
67 Murcia  Spain 398,815 441,354 1 January 2012 [6] Murcia.JPG
68 Bristol  United Kingdom 393,900 432,451 30 June 2012 [4] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
69 Tallinn  Estonia 392,306 426,745 1 July 2013 [44] Tallinn sea.png
70 Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 425,155 417,389 31 December 2013 [45] Bratislava Old Town (3706932185).jpg
71 Szczecin  Poland 411,900 409,211 30 June 2012 [14] 2009-05-30-polska-by-RalfR-26.jpg
72 Palma de Mallorca  Spain 368,974 407,648 1 January 2012 [6] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
73 Bologna  Italy 374,425 384,202 31 December 2013 [7] Bologna-view.jpg
74 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria  Spain 376,953 382,296 1 January 2012 [6] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
75 Florence  Italy 368,059 377,207 31 December 2013 [7] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
76 Brno  Czech Republic 367,729 378,327 1 January 2013 [17] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
77 Bydgoszcz  Poland 368,235 362,286 30 June 2012 [14] BydgoszczAir.jpg
78 Bochum  Germany 388,179 362,213 31 December 2012 [20] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
79 Bilbao  Spain 352,317 351,629 1 January 2012 [6] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
80 Cardiff  United Kingdom 341,054 348,493 30 June 2012 [4] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
81 Lublin  Poland 355,998 348,120 30 June 2012 [14] Lublin18395.jpg
82 Nice  France 478,850[46] 343,304 31 December 2010 [47] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
83 Wuppertal  Germany 361,077 342,885 31 December 2012 [20] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
84 Plovdiv  Bulgaria N/A 341,041 31 December 2013 [16] Plovdiv Bulgaria.jpg
85 Varna  Bulgaria N/A 335,819 31 December 2013 [16] City of Varna.jpg
86 Alicante  Spain 310,330 334,678 1 January 2012 [6] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
87 Leicester  United Kingdom 331,606 30 June 2012 [4] LeicesterAttenboroughPanorama.jpg
88 Utrecht  Netherlands N/A 330,772 1 May 2014 [48] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
89 Córdoba  Spain 314,178 328,841 1 January 2012 [6] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
90 Bielefeld  Germany 328,012 328,314 31 December 2012 [20] Bielefeld City.jpg
91 Wakefield  United Kingdom N/A 327,627 30 June 2012 [4] Wakefield-1.jpg
92 Cluj-Napoca  Romania 311,528 324,576 20 October 2011 [49] Panorama Cluj Napoca mica.jpg
93 Coventry  United Kingdom 304,200 323,132 30 June 2012 [4] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
94 Bari  Italy 328,458 322,751 31 December 2013 [7] Puglia Bari2 tango7174.jpg
95 Thessaloniki  Greece 386,627 322,240 24 May 2011 [27] Panorama solun.JPG
96 Wirral  United Kingdom 313,100 320,229 30 June 2012 [4] Queens Dock towards Birkenhead.jpg
97 Timișoara  Romania 303,908 319,279 20 October 2011 [49] View over the city Timisoara..jpg
98 Catania  Italy 315,576 315,576 31 December 2013 [7] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG
99 Valladolid  Spain 321,713 311,501 1 January 2012 [6] Antigua.jpg
100 Bonn  Germany 302,247 309,869 31 December 2012 [20] Zepper-sunrise-over-the-niveous-city-of-bonn.jpg
101 Malmö  Sweden N/A 309,105 31 March 2013 [21] Central Malmö.JPG
102 Nottingham  United Kingdom 308,735 30 June 2012 [4] Clipston Nottingham.JPG
103 Katowice  Poland 319,904 308,269 30 June 2012 [14] Katowice.jpg
104 Kaunas  Lithuania 368,913 306,888 1 January 2013 [50] Kaunas panorama.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in Europe. It was established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993 upon the foundations of the pre-existing European Economic Community. The European Union is composed of 28 independent sovereign countries which are known as member states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (See "European Countries". Europa. Retrieved 2007-09-05. ).
  2. ^ "Total population in Urban Audit cities – Core city". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. 2013-06-14. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  3. ^ Refers to Greater London which is composed of 32 independent borough councils and the City of London
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Mid 2012 Population estimates for England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Statistics Agency Berlin-Brandenburg" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (National Statistics Institute)". Ine.es. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Bilancio Demografico della Popolazione Residente per Mese – Maggio 2014" (in Italian). Istat.it. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Paris (75056) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  9. ^ "Official data for 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "STATISTIK AUSTRIA – Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland". Statistik.at. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  11. ^ Refers to the city and federal state of Hamburg, which is composed of 7 districts
  12. ^ "Statistics Agency Nord". Retrieved 2013-11-25. 
  13. ^ "Population by type of settlement - annually". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 11 Sep 2014. Retrieved 11 Sep 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population in Poland. Size and structure by territorial division as of December 31, 2013" (ASPX) (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  15. ^ a b Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung. "www.statistik.bayern.de" (in German). Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "НАСЕЛЕНИЕ КЪМ 14.06.2014 Г. ПО ГРАДОВЕ И ПОЛ" (in Bulgarian). National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Počet obyvatel v obcích České republiky k 1.1.2013" (in Czech). Český statistický úřad. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  18. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region
  19. ^ "Wettelijke bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2012". Statbel.fgov.be. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
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  21. ^ a b c "SCB". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  22. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Marseille (13055) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  23. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand". Statline.cbs.nl. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  24. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: City of Zagreb". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  25. ^ "Statistics Agency Hessen". Statistik-hessen.de. 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  29. ^ "(in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland.". vrk.fi. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  30. ^ "Statistics Agency Baden-Wuerttemberg". Statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  31. ^ a b "General Register Office for Scotland – mid 2011 population estimates by sex, single year of age and administrative area". 
  32. ^ "Danmarks Statistikbank". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  33. ^ http://www.ine.pt/scripts/flex_provisorios/Main.html
  34. ^ "Statistics Agency Bremen". Statistik-bremen.de. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  35. ^ "Total area and population by administrative territory, statistical indicator and year". Std.lt. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  36. ^ a b Statistics Agency Saxony
  37. ^ Figure for 2001 (2004 data not available)
  38. ^ "Census 2011 Ireland and Northern Ireland". Cso.ie. Retrieved 2014-10-31. 
  39. ^ "Statistics Agency Lower Saxony". .nls.niedersachsen.de. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  40. ^ "Den Haag in Cijfers". Denhaag.buurtmonitor.nl. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  41. ^ "Stad Antwerpen in Cijfers". Stad Antwerpen. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  42. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Lyon (69123) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  43. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Toulouse (31555) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  44. ^ "Number of Tallin residents". Tallinn City Government. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  45. ^ "Štatistický úrad Slovenskej republiky - 31. december 2011". Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  46. ^ Figure for 1993 (1996, 2001 and 2004 figures not available)
  47. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Nice (06088) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  48. ^ "Population dynamics; birth, death and migration per region". Statline.cbs.nl. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  49. ^ a b http://www.digi24.ro/Stiri/Regional/Digi24+Timisoara/Stiri/Recensamant+in+Timis+cati+locuitori+are+orasul+sau+comuna
  50. ^ Population at the beginning of the year by year, place of residence and administrative territory[dead link]