List of largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits

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This article is about the largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits. For the largest city areas in Europe, (including those outside the European Union), see List of metropolitan areas in Europe. For a list of European cities by country, see List of cities in Europe.

This is a list of the largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits which have more than 300,000 inhabitants.[1] It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or Larger Urban Zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. For example, the populations of Greater London and Greater Paris constitute the largest urban areas in the EU, but the strict definition of the limits of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table below.

Cities over 300,000 inhabitants[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Official population (actual). Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the capital of both Belgium and the EU.

Rank City State Official population Date of census/estimate References Image
1 London[2]  United Kingdom 8,615,246 1 June 2014 [3] London from a hot air balloon.jpg
2 Berlin  Germany 3,562,166 31 December 2014 [4] Visit-suomi-2009-05-by-RalfR-014.jpg
3 Madrid  Spain 3,165,235 1 January 2014 [5] Cuatro Torres Business Area.JPG
4 Rome  Italy 2,874,038 30 November 2014 [6] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
5 Paris  France 2,273,305 1 January 2013 [7] Sunset over Paris 5, France August 2013.jpg
6 Bucharest  Romania 1,803,425 20 October 2014 [8] Bucharest-Skyline-01.jpg
7 Vienna  Austria 1,794,770 1 January 2015 [9] Schonbrunn - panorama.JPG
8 Hamburg[10]  Germany 1,748,915 30 June 2014 [11] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
9 Budapest  Hungary 1,744,665 1 January 2014 [12] Budapest Parlament Building.jpg
10 Warsaw  Poland 1,729,119 31 March 2014 [13] Palace of Culture and Science (9629674033).jpg
11 Barcelona  Spain 1,602,386 1 January 2014 [5] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
12 Munich  Germany 1,493,900 28 February 2015 [14] Stadtbild München.jpg
13 Milan  Italy 1,336,364 30 November 2014 [6] Milano skyline.jpg
14 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,286,383 15 March 2015 [15] Aleksandar-nevski15.jpg
15 Prague  Czech Republic 1,246,780 1 January 2013 [16] Prague old town square panorama.jpg
16 Brussels[17]  Belgium 1,175,831 1 January 2014 [18] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
17 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,092,330 30 June 2013 [3] Birmingham (UK) skyline - Centenary Square 640.jpg
18 Cologne  Germany 1,034,175 31 December 2013 [19] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
19 Naples  Italy 989,160 30 November 2014 [6] Napoli6.png
20 Stockholm  Sweden 909,976 31 January 2014 [20] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
21 Turin  Italy 897,265 30 November 2014 [6] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
22 Marseille  France 852,516 31 December 2012 [21] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
23 Amsterdam  Netherlands 813,562 31 May 2014 [22] Amsterdam airphoto.jpg
24 Zagreb  Croatia 790,017 31 March 2011 [23] Zagreb Night.jpg
25 Valencia  Spain 786,424 1 January 2014 [5] Valencia Arts.jpg
26 Kraków  Poland 760,700 31 March 2014 [13] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
27 Leeds  United Kingdom 757,655 30 June 2012 [3] LeedsSkyline2013.jpg
28 Łódź  Poland 709,757 31 March 2014 [13] Lodz panorama2.jpg
29 Frankfurt  Germany 701,350 31 December 2013 [24] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
30 Riga  Latvia 701,185 1 January 2014 [25] Riga - Latvia.jpg
31 Seville  Spain 696,676 1 January 2014 [5] Plaza de España 20-03-2013.JPG
32 Palermo  Italy 676,118 30 November 2014 [6] Palermo02 flickr.jpg
33 Zaragoza  Spain 666,058 1 January 2014 [5] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
34 Athens  Greece 664,046 24 May 2011 [26] View of Athens from Lycabettus.jpg
35 Wrocław  Poland 632,432 31 March 2014 [13] Rynek Wroclaw Summer 2010.JPG
37 Rotterdam  Netherlands 616,528 31 January 2013 [27] Erasmusbrug seen from Euromast.jpg
38 Helsinki  Finland 605,523 28 February 2013 [28] Skyline of Helsinki as seen from the Erottaja fire station.jpg
39 Stuttgart  Germany 604,297 31 December 2013 [29] Burgholzhof Panorama-pjt.jpg
40 Glasgow  United Kingdom 596,550 31 December 2013 [30] Glasgow Finnieston area.jpg
41 Düsseldorf  Germany 593,682 31 December 2012 [19] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
42 Genoa  Italy 592,995 30 November 2014 [6] Genova dal Castelletto.jpg
42 Dortmund  Germany 575,944 31 December 2013 [19] DK DO Skyline 300ppi CC BY NC SA-20140223-3068.jpg
43 Essen  Germany 569,884 31 December 2013 [19] Essen-Panorama.jpg
44 Málaga  Spain 566,913 1 January 2014 [5] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
45 Copenhagen  Denmark 559,440 1 January 2013 [31] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
46 Sheffield  United Kingdom 557,382 30 June 2012 [3] Sheffield skyline.png
47 Lisbon  Portugal 547,631 1 January 2011 [32] Parque das Nações (9322011439).jpg
48 Poznań  Poland 547,161 31 March 2014 [13] Poznan centrum.jpg
49 Bremen  Germany 546,451 31 December 2012 [33] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
50 Gothenburg  Sweden 541,145 31 December 2014 [34] Gothenburgbynight.jpg
51 Leipzig  Germany 531,562 31 December 2013 [35] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
52 Dresden  Germany 530,754 31 December 2013 [35] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
53 Vilnius  Lithuania 537,152 1 January 2013 [36] Vilnius Skyline.jpg
54 Dublin  Ireland 527,612 10 April 2011 [37] OConnellBridgeDublin.jpg
55 Bradford  United Kingdom 524,619 30 June 2012 [3] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
56 Hanover  Germany 514,137 31 December 2012 [38] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
57 The Hague  Netherlands 510,909 1 May 2014 [39] The Hague skyline.JPG
58 Manchester  United Kingdom 510,772 30 June 2012 [3] Manchester Skyline.jpg
59 Antwerp  Belgium 510,610 1 January 2014 [40] OLV-Kathedraal.jpg
60 Varna  Bulgaria 505,819 1 January 2014 [15] Independence Square Varna.jpg
61 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 501,041 30 June 2014 [15] RomanTheaterPlovdiv.jpg
62 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 495,360 30 June 2011 [30] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
63 Nuremberg  Germany 495,121 31 December 2012 [14] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
64 Lyon  France 491,268 31 December 2011 [41] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
65 Duisburg  Germany 486,816 31 December 2012 [19] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
66 Liverpool  United Kingdom 469,690 30 June 2012 [3] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - 1004690.jpg
67 Gdańsk  Poland 460,354 30 June 2012 [13] 2053 Gdańsk. Kościół św. Katarzyny. Widok na miasto. Foto Barbara Maliszewska.JPG
68 Toulouse  France 447,340 31 December 2011 [42] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
69 Murcia  Spain 441,354 1 January 2012 [5] Murcia.JPG
70 Tallinn  Estonia 434,810 1 February 2015 [43] Tallinn sea.png
71 Bristol  United Kingdom 432,451 30 June 2012 [3] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
72 Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 417,389 31 December 2013 [44] Bratislava Old Town (3706932185).jpg
73 Szczecin  Poland 409,211 30 June 2012 [13] 2009-05-30-polska-by-RalfR-26.jpg
74 Palma de Mallorca  Spain 407,648 1 January 2012 [5] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
75 Bologna  Italy 386,171 30 November 2014 [6] Bologna-view.jpg
76 Las Palmas  Spain 382,296 1 January 2012 [5] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
77 Florence  Italy 380,226 30 November 2014 [6] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
78 Brno  Czech Republic 378,327 1 January 2013 [16] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
79 Bydgoszcz  Poland 362,286 30 June 2012 [13] BydgoszczAir.jpg
80 Bochum  Germany 362,213 31 December 2012 [19] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
81 Bilbao  Spain 351,629 1 January 2012 [5] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
82 Cardiff  United Kingdom 348,493 30 June 2012 [3] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
83 Lublin  Poland 348,120 30 June 2012 [13] Lublin18395.jpg
84 Nice  France 344,064 31 December 2011 [45] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
85 Wuppertal  Germany 342,885 31 December 2012 [19] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
86 Alicante  Spain 340,678 1 January 2012 [5] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
87 Leicester  United Kingdom 331,606 30 June 2012 [3] LeicesterAttenboroughPanorama.jpg
88 Utrecht  Netherlands 330,772 1 May 2014 [46] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
89 Córdoba  Spain 328,841 1 January 2012 [5] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
90 Bielefeld  Germany 328,314 31 December 2012 [19] Bielefeld City.jpg
91 Wakefield  United Kingdom 327,627 30 June 2012 [3] Wakefield-1.jpg
92 Aarhus  Denmark 326,676 1 October 2014 .[47] Aarhus waterfront.jpg
93 Cluj-Napoca  Romania 324,576 20 October 2011 [48] Panorama Cluj Napoca mica.jpg
94 Coventry  United Kingdom 323,132 30 June 2012 [3] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
95 Bari  Italy 321,008 30 November 2014 [6] Puglia Bari2 tango7174.jpg
96 Thessaloniki  Greece 322,240 24 May 2011 [26] Panorama solun.JPG
97 Wirral  United Kingdom 320,229 30 June 2012 [3] Queens Dock towards Birkenhead.jpg
98 Timișoara  Romania 319,279 20 October 2011 [48] View over the city Timisoara..jpg
99 Catania  Italy 315,567 30 November 2014 [6] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG
100 Valladolid  Spain 311,501 1 January 2012 [5] Antigua.jpg
101 Bonn  Germany 309,869 31 December 2012 [19] Zepper-sunrise-over-the-niveous-city-of-bonn.jpg
102 Malmö  Sweden 309,105 31 March 2013 [20] Central Malmö.JPG
103 Nottingham  United Kingdom 308,735 30 June 2012 [3] Clipston Nottingham.JPG
104 Katowice  Poland 308,269 30 June 2012 [13] Katowice.jpg
105 Kaunas  Lithuania 306,888 1 January 2013 [49] Kaunas panorama.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in Europe. It was established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993 upon the foundations of the pre-existing European Economic Community. The European Union is composed of 28 independent sovereign countries which are known as member states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (See "European Countries". Europa. Retrieved 2007-09-05. ).
  2. ^ Refers to Greater London which is composed of 32 independent borough councils and the City of London
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  49. ^ Population at the beginning of the year by year, place of residence and administrative territory[dead link]