Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits

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This is a list of the largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits which have more than 300,000 inhabitants.[1] It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or Larger Urban Zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. For example, the populations of Greater London and Greater Paris constitute the largest urban areas in the EU, but the strict definition of the limits of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table below.

Cities over 300,000 inhabitants[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Official population (actual). Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries.

Rank City State Eurostat population (2003–2006)[2] Official population (actual) Date of census/estimate References Image
1 London[3]  United Kingdom 8,308,369 8,308,369 30 June 2012 [4] City of London skyline from London City Hall - Oct 2008.jpg
2 Berlin  Germany 3,387,828 3,517,424 31 December 2013 [5] Cityscape Berlin.jpg
3 Madrid  Spain 3,228,319 3,233,527 1 January 2012 [6] Skyscrapers in Madrid.JPG
4 Rome  Italy 2,553,873 2,799,350 31 July 2012 [7] Forum Romanum Rom.jpg
5 Paris  France 2,181,374 2,243,833 31 December 2010 [8] Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg
6 Bucharest  Romania 1,927,448 1,883,425 20 October 2011 [9] Hotel Continental - Calea Victoriei.jpg
7 Vienna  Austria 1,598,626 1,763,912 1 October 2013 [10] Vienna city view.jpg
8 Hamburg[11]  Germany 1,734,830 1,742,707 30 June 2013 [12] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
9 Budapest  Hungary 1,695,814 1,740,041 1 January 2012 [13] Országház (509. számú műemlék) 45.jpg
10 Warsaw  Poland 1,716,855 1,711,324 30 June 2012 [14] FB Warszawa panorama.jpg
11 Barcelona  Spain 1,621,537 1,620,943 1 January 2012 [6] Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG
12 Milan  Italy 1,299,439 1,366,409 31 December 2012 [15] Porta Nuova Skyline.jpg
13 Munich  Germany 1,249,176 1,388,308 31 December 2012 [16] Munich view.jpg
14 Prague  Czech Republic 1,290,846 1,246,780 1 January 2013 [17] Praag (met Moldau).jpg
15 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,138,950 1,241,396 31 December 2012 [18] Sofia-vitosha-kempinski.jpg
16 Brussels[19]  Belgium 999,899 1,138,854 1 January 2012 [20] Wetstraat.jpg
17 Birmingham  United Kingdom 992,400 1,085,417 30 June 2012 [4] Birmingham-Skyline-from-the-West.jpg
18 Cologne  Germany 969,709 1,024,373 31 December 2012 [21] Über den Rhein.jpg
19 Naples  Italy 995,171 956,664 30 June 2012 [22] Napoli.jpg
20 Turin  Italy 902,255 911,823 31 December 2012 [23] Torino panorama Superga.jpg
21 Stockholm  Sweden 761,721 885,653 31 March 2013 [24] Stockholm old town 2002.jpg
22 Marseille  France 1,023,973 850,726 31 December 2010 [25] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
23 Amsterdam  Netherlands 767,849 810,909 1 January 2014 [26] Amsterdam airphoto.jpg
24 Valencia  Spain 1,294,732 797,028 1 January 2012 [6] Valencia west night.jpg
25 Zagreb  Croatia 779,145 790,017 31 March 2011 [27] Zagreb Cathedral areal.jpg
26 Kraków  Poland 757,430 759,131 30 June 2012 [14] Krakow rynek 01.jpg
27 Leeds  United Kingdom 743,247 757,655 30 June 2012 [4] LeedsSkyline2013.jpg
28 Łódź  Poland 744,541 722,022 30 June 2012 [14] Lodz Manhattan-01.jpg
29 Seville  Spain 704,203 702,355 1 January 2012 [6] Plaza Virgen de los Reyes, Seville, Spain - Sep 2009.jpg
30 Riga  Latvia 735,241 701,185 1 January 2014 [28] Riian vanhakaupunki.jpg
31 Frankfurt  Germany 646,889 687,775 31 December 2012 [29] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtpanorama von der Deutschherrnbruecke am fruehen Abend-20110310.jpg
32 Zaragoza  Spain 638,799 679,624 1 January 2012 [6] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
33 Athens  Greece 796,442 655,780 24 May 2011 [30] Attica 06-13 Athens 20 View from Acropolis Hill - pano.jpg
34 Palermo  Italy 675,277 654,679 31 December 2012 [31] Palermo02 flickr.jpg
35 Wrocław  Poland 636,268 631,377 30 June 2012 [14] Wroclaw18395.jpg
36 Rotterdam  Netherlands 598,923 616,528 31 January 2013 [32] RotterdamMaasNederland.jpg
37 Genoa  Italy 605,084 606,070 30 June 2012 [22] Genova dal Castelletto.jpg
38 Helsinki  Finland 559,716 605,523 28 February 2013 [33] Skyline of Helsinki as seen from the Erottaja fire station.jpg
39 Stuttgart  Germany 590,657 597,939 31 December 2012 [34] Burgholzhof Panorama-pjt.jpg
40 Glasgow  United Kingdom 629,501 595,080 30 June 2012 [35] Skyline of Glasgow.jpg
41 Düsseldorf  Germany 572,663 593,682 31 December 2012 [21] Rheinkniebrücke at night.jpg
42 Dortmund  Germany 588,680 572,087 31 December 2012 [21] Dortmund Panorama.jpg
43 Málaga  Spain 547,731 567,433 1 January 2012 [6] PuertodeMalaga1.jpg
44 Essen  Germany 588,084 566,862 31 December 2012 [21] Essen-Panorama.jpg
45 Copenhagen  Denmark 501,664 559,440 1 January 2013 [36] Rundetårn view 2 new version.jpg
46 Sheffield  United Kingdom 516,100 557,382 30 June 2012 [4] Sheffield skyline.png
47 Poznań  Poland 570,778 552,393 30 June 2012 [14] Poznan centrum.jpg
48 Lisbon  Portugal 529,485 547,631 1 January 2011 [37] Lisbon view.jpg
49 Bremen  Germany 545,932 546,451 31 December 2012 [38] BremenWeser-04.jpg
50 Vilnius  Lithuania 552,800 537,152 1 January 2013 [39] Vilnius city.jpg
51 Dresden  Germany 487,421 529,733 31 October 2013 [40] Dresden from Albertbrücke.jpg
52 Leipzig  Germany 498,491 529,646 31 October 2013 [40] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
53 Gothenburg  Sweden 466,990[41] 528,014 31 March 2013 [24] Göteborg 2009 ubt.JPG
54 Dublin  Ireland 471,841 525,383 10 April 2011 [42] The Samuel Beckett Bridge.jpg
55 Bradford  United Kingdom 481,100 524,619 30 June 2012 [4] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
56 Hanover  Germany 515,841 514,137 31 December 2012 [43] Neues Rathaus Hannover abends.jpg
57 Antwerp  Belgium 455,148 511,716 1 January 2013 [44] Antwerpen from Scheldt.jpg
58 Manchester  United Kingdom 437,000 510,772 30 June 2012 [4] Manchester Skyline.jpg
59 The Hague  Netherlands 469,059 507,507 1 June 2013 [45] The Hague skyline.JPG
60 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 453,700 495,360 30 June 2011 [35] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
61 Nuremberg  Germany 495,302 495,121 31 December 2012 [16] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
62 Duisburg  Germany N/A 486,816 31 December 2012 [21] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
63 Lyon  France 1,226,249 484,344 31 December 2010 [46] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
64 Liverpool  United Kingdom 444,500 469,690 30 June 2012 [4] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - 1004690.jpg
65 Gdańsk  Poland 459,072 460,354 30 June 2012 [14] Brosen gdansk panview.jpg
66 Toulouse  France 651,586 441,802 31 December 2010 [47] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
67 Murcia  Spain 398,815 441,354 1 January 2012 [6] Murcia.JPG
68 Bristol  United Kingdom 393,900 432,451 30 June 2012 [4] Colston Avenue, Bristol.jpg
69 Tallinn  Estonia 392,306 426,745 1 July 2013 [48] Tallinn sea.png
70 Bratislava  Slovakia 425,155 417,389 31 December 2013 [49] Pozsinycivertanéegi3.jpg
71 Szczecin  Poland 411,900 409,211 30 June 2012 [14] 2009-05-30-polska-by-RalfR-26.jpg
72 Palma  Spain 368,974 407,648 1 January 2012 [6] Eixample de Palma.jpg
73 Bologna  Italy 374,425 384,991 30 June 2013 [50] Bologna-Torre degli Asinelli-Dscn4726.jpg
74 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria  Spain 376,953 382,296 1 January 2012 [6] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
75 Florence  Italy 368,059 378,976 31 July 2013 [51] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
76 Brno  Czech Republic 367,729 378,327 1 January 2013 [17] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
77 Bydgoszcz  Poland 368,235 362,286 30 June 2012 [14] Bydgoszcz panorama.png
78 Bochum  Germany 388,179 362,213 31 December 2012 [21] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
79 Bilbao  Spain 352,317 351,629 1 January 2012 [6] Vista de Bilbao (1).jpg
80 Cardiff  United Kingdom 341,054 348,493 30 June 2012 [4] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
81 Lublin  Poland 355,998 348,120 30 June 2012 [14] Lublin18395.jpg
82 Nice  France 478,850[52] 343,304 31 December 2010 [53] Nice France 2007 06 27.JPEG
83 Wuppertal  Germany 361,077 342,885 31 December 2012 [21] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
84 Plovdiv  Bulgaria N/A 339,077 31 December 2012 [18] Plovdiv centre.jpg
85 Varna  Bulgaria N/A 334,688 31 December 2012 [18] Varna Bay, View from Sveti Nikola.jpg
86 Alicante  Spain 310,330 334,678 1 January 2012 [6] Alicante Spain The City and the sea.jpg
87 Leicester  United Kingdom 331,606 30 June 2012 [4] LeicesterAttenboroughPanorama.jpg
88 Córdoba  Spain 314,178 328,841 1 January 2012 [6] Vista aérea de Córdoba (España).jpg
89 Bielefeld  Germany 328,012 328,314 31 December 2012 [21] Blick vom Johannisberg auf Bielefeld in Richtung Osten 2.jpg
90 Wakefield  United Kingdom N/A 327,627 30 June 2012 [4] Wakefield-1.jpg
91 Cluj-Napoca  Romania 311,528 324,576 20 October 2011 [54] Piata-Avram-Iancu2 (Cluj-Napoca).jpg
92 Thessaloniki  Greece 386,627 322,240 24 May 2011 [30] Overlooking modern Thessaloniki seafront from Old Town 2006.jpg
93 Utrecht  Netherlands N/A 321,989 31 December 2012 [55] Buurkerk en Domtoren.jpg
94 Wirral  United Kingdom 313,100 320,229 30 June 2012 [4] Queens Dock towards Birkenhead.jpg
95 Timişoara  Romania 303,908 319,279 20 October 2011 [56] Timisoara - University Square at night.jpg
96 Bari  Italy 328,458 318,591 30 June 2012 [22] Bari Mercatore del Pesce.JPG
97 Coventry  United Kingdom 304,200 323,132 30 June 2012 [4] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
98 Valladolid  Spain 321,713 311,501 1 January 2012 [6] Antigua.jpg
99 Bonn  Germany 302,247 309,869 31 December 2012 [21] Zepper-sunrise-over-the-niveous-city-of-bonn.jpg
100 Malmö  Sweden N/A 309,105 31 March 2013 [24] Malmö Inre hamnen.JPG
101 Nottingham  United Kingdom 308,735 30 June 2012 [4] Council-House-Nottingham.jpg
102 Katowice  Poland 319,904 308,269 30 June 2012 [14] Altus i okolice.JPG
103 Kaunas  Lithuania 368,913 306,888 1 January 2013 [57] Kaunas panorama.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in Europe. It was established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993 upon the foundations of the pre-existing European Economic Community. The European Union is composed of 28 independent sovereign countries which are known as member states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (See "European Countries". Europa. Retrieved 2007-09-05. ).
  2. ^ "Total population in Urban Audit cities – Core city". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. 2013-06-14. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  3. ^ Refers to Greater London, which is composed of 32 independent borough councils and the City of London
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Mid 2012 Population estimates for England and Wales. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Statistics Agency Berlin-Brandenburg" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-11-25. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (National Statistics Institute)". Ine.es. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  7. ^ "Bilancio Demografico della Popolazione Residente per Mese – Anno 2012" (in Italian). Dipartimento Partecipazioni e Controllo Gruppo Roma Capitale- Sviluppo Economico Locale. Retrieved 29 September 2012. 
  8. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Paris (75056) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  9. ^ "Official data for 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "STATISTIK AUSTRIA – Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland". Statistik.at. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  11. ^ Refers to the city and federal state of Hamburg, which is composed of 7 districts
  12. ^ "Statistics Agency Nord". Retrieved 2013-11-25. 
  13. ^ "Gazetteer of Hungary, Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population in Poland. Size and structure by territorial division as of June 30, 2012" (PDF) (in (Polish)). Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  15. ^ "Popolazione residente anno 2012" (in Italian). Comune di Milano. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  16. ^ a b Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung. "www.statistik.bayern.de" (in German). Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
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  18. ^ a b c "НАСЕЛЕНИЕ КЪМ 31.12. 2012 Г. ПО ГРАДОВЕ И ПОЛ" (in Bulgarian). National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. 2012. 
  19. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region
  20. ^ "Wettelijke bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2012". Statbel.fgov.be. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
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  23. ^ "City of Turin - Bureau of Statistics" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  25. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Marseille (13055) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  26. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand". Statline.cbs.nl. 2013-09-24. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  27. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: City of Zagreb". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  28. ^ "Pilsonības un migrācijas lietu pārvalde - Iedzīvotāju reģistra statistika". 2014-01-01. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  29. ^ "Statistics Agency Hessen". Statistik-hessen.de. 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  30. ^ a b "Press Release" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-02-19. 
  31. ^ "City of Palermo - Bureau of Statistics" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  34. ^ "Statistics Agency Baden-Wuerttemberg". Statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  36. ^ "Danmarks Statistikbank". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
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  40. ^ a b Statistics Agency Saxony
  41. ^ Figure for 2001 (2004 data not available)
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  45. ^ "Den Haag in Cijfers". Denhaag.buurtmonitor.nl. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  46. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Lyon (69123) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  47. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Toulouse (31555) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  48. ^ "Number of Tallin residents". Tallinn City Government. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  49. ^ "Štatistický úrad Slovenskej republiky - 31. december 2011". Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  50. ^ "City of Bologna - Bureau of Statistics". Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  51. ^ "City of Florence - Bureau of Statistics". Statistica.fi.it. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  52. ^ Figure for 1993 (1996, 2001 and 2004 figures not available)
  53. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Nice (06088) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  54. ^ http://www.digi24.ro/Stiri/Regional/Digi24+Timisoara/Stiri/Recensamant+in+Timis+cati+locuitori+are+orasul+sau+comuna
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  57. ^ Population at the beginning of the year by year, place of residence and administrative territory[dead link]