Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits

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This article is about the largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits. For the largest city areas in Europe, (including those outside the European Union), see List of metropolitan areas in Europe. For a list of European cities by country, see List of cities in Europe.


This is a list of the largest cities in the European Union by population within city limits which have more than 300,000 inhabitants.[1] It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or Larger Urban Zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. For example, the populations of Greater London and Greater Paris constitute the largest urban areas in the EU, but the strict definition of the limits of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table below.

Cities over 300,000 inhabitants[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by the column labelled Official population (actual). Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the Capital of Belgium as well as the EU.

Rank City State Eurostat population (2003–2006)[2][dead link] Official population (actual) Date of census/estimate References Image
1 London[3]  United Kingdom 7,429,200 8,308,369 30 June 2012 [4] City of London skyline from London City Hall - Oct 2008.jpg
2 Berlin  Germany 3,387,828 3,419,623 30 November 2013 [5] Cityscape Berlin.jpg
3 Madrid  Spain 3,228,319 3,233,527 1 January 2012 [6] Skyscrapers in Madrid.JPG
4 Rome  Italy 2,553,873 2,863,322 31 December 2013 [7] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
5 Paris  France 2,181,374 2,243,833 31 December 2010 [8] Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg
6 Bucharest  Romania 1,927,448 1,883,425 20 October 2011 [9] Bucharest-Skyline-01.jpg
7 Vienna  Austria 1,598,626 1,781,105 13 August 2014 [10] Stephansdom Vienna July 2008 (27)-Stephansdom Vienna July 2008 (31).jpg
8 Budapest  Hungary 1,695,814 1,744,665 1 January 2014 [11] The building of the Hungarian Parliament (10890208584).jpg
9 Hamburg[12]  Germany 1,734,830 1,742,707 30 June 2013 [13] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
10 Warsaw  Poland 1,716,855 1,724,404 31 December 2013 [14] FB Warszawa panorama.jpg
11 Barcelona  Spain 1,621,537 1,620,943 1 January 2012 [6] Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG
12 Munich  Germany 1,249,176 1,388,308 31 December 2012 [15] LudwigstraßeMUC.jpg
13 Milan  Italy 1,299,439 1,324,169 31 December 2013 [7] Skyline Milano - 05.JPG
14 Prague  Czech Republic 1,290,846 1,246,780 1 January 2013 [16] PragueCityscape.JPG
15 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,138,950 1,249,665 14 June 2014 [17] Downtown Sofia Boby Dimitrov 1.jpg
16 Brussels[18]  Belgium 999,899 1,138,854 1 January 2012 [19] 2043-0009 0 Stadhuis.JPG
17 Birmingham  United Kingdom 992,400 1,085,417 30 June 2012 [4] Birmingham Skyline from Edgbaston Cricket Ground.jpg
18 Cologne  Germany 969,709 1,024,373 31 December 2012 [20] 2013-08-10 07-18-55 Ballonfahrt über Köln EH 0626.jpg
19 Naples  Italy 995,171 989,111 31 December 2013 [7] Naples panorama.jpg
20 Turin  Italy 902,255 902,137 31 December 2013 [7] Torino panorama Superga.jpg
21 Stockholm  Sweden 761,721 885,653 31 March 2013 [21] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
22 Marseille  France 1,023,973 850,726 31 December 2010 [22] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
23 Amsterdam  Netherlands 767,849 810,909 1 January 2014 [23] Amsterdam airphoto.jpg
24 Valencia  Spain 1,294,732 797,028 1 January 2012 [6] Ciutat vella vista.jpg
25 Zagreb  Croatia 779,145 790,017 31 March 2011 [24] Zagreb Night.jpg
26 Kraków  Poland 758,992 759,131 30 June 2012 [14] 20091114 Krakow Wawel 7770.jpg
27 Leeds  United Kingdom 743,247 757,655 30 June 2012 [4] LeedsSkyline2013.jpg
28 Łódź  Poland 744,541 722,022 30 June 2012 [14] Lodz panorama2.jpg
29 Seville  Spain 704,203 702,355 1 January 2012 [6] View on Seville Cathedral and Seville city from Giralda (6931810990).jpg
30 Riga  Latvia 735,241 701,185 1 January 2014 [25] Riga - Latvia.jpg
31 Frankfurt  Germany 646,889 687,775 31 December 2012 [26] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
32 Zaragoza  Spain 638,799 679,624 1 January 2012 [6] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
33 Athens  Greece 796,442 655,780 24 May 2011 [27] View of Athens from Lycabettus.jpg
34 Palermo  Italy 675,277 678,492 31 December 2013 [7] Palermo02 flickr.jpg
35 Wrocław  Poland 636,268 631,377 30 June 2012 [14] Rynek Wroclaw Summer 2010.JPG
37 Rotterdam  Netherlands 598,923 616,528 31 January 2013 [28] Erasmusbrug seen from Euromast.jpg
38 Genoa  Italy 605,084 596,958 31 December 2013 [7] Genova dal Castelletto.jpg
39 Helsinki  Finland 559,716 605,523 28 February 2013 [29] Skyline of Helsinki as seen from the Erottaja fire station.jpg
40 Stuttgart  Germany 590,657 597,939 31 December 2012 [30] Burgholzhof Panorama-pjt.jpg
41 Glasgow  United Kingdom 629,501 595,080 30 June 2012 [31] Glasgow panorama.jpg
42 Düsseldorf  Germany 572,663 593,682 31 December 2012 [20] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
42 Dortmund  Germany 588,680 572,087 31 December 2012 [20] Dortmund Panorama.jpg
43 Málaga  Spain 547,731 567,433 1 January 2012 [6] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
44 Essen  Germany 588,084 566,862 31 December 2012 [20] Essen-Panorama.jpg
45 Copenhagen  Denmark 501,664 559,440 1 January 2013 [32] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
46 Sheffield  United Kingdom 516,100 557,382 30 June 2012 [4] Sheffield skyline.png
47 Poznań  Poland 570,778 552,393 30 June 2012 [14] Poznan centrum.jpg
48 Lisbon  Portugal 529,485 547,631 1 January 2011 [33] Parque das Nações (9322011439).jpg
49 Bremen  Germany 545,932 546,451 31 December 2012 [34] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
50 Vilnius  Lithuania 552,800 537,152 1 January 2013 [35] Vilnius Skyline.jpg
51 Leipzig  Germany 498,491 531,562 31 December 2013 [36] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
52 Dresden  Germany 487,421 530,754 31 December 2013 [36] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
53 Gothenburg  Sweden 466,990[37] 528,014 31 March 2013 [21] Göteborg 2009 ubt.JPG
54 Dublin  Ireland 471,841 525,383 10 April 2011 [38] The Samuel Beckett Bridge.jpg
55 Bradford  United Kingdom 481,100 524,619 30 June 2012 [4] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
56 Hanover  Germany 515,841 514,137 31 December 2012 [39] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
57 Antwerp  Belgium 455,148 511,716 1 January 2013 [40] OLV-Kathedraal.jpg
58 Manchester  United Kingdom 437,000 510,772 30 June 2012 [4] Manchester Skyline.jpg
59 The Hague  Netherlands 469,059 507,507 1 June 2013 [41] The Hague skyline.JPG
60 Edinburgh  United Kingdom 453,700 495,360 30 June 2011 [31] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
61 Nuremberg  Germany 495,302 495,121 31 December 2012 [15] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
62 Duisburg  Germany N/A 486,816 31 December 2012 [20] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
63 Lyon  France 1,226,249 484,344 31 December 2010 [42] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
64 Liverpool  United Kingdom 444,500 469,690 30 June 2012 [4] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - 1004690.jpg
65 Gdańsk  Poland 459,072 460,354 30 June 2012 [14] 2053 Gdańsk. Kościół św. Katarzyny. Widok na miasto. Foto Barbara Maliszewska.JPG
66 Toulouse  France 651,586 441,802 31 December 2010 [43] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
67 Murcia  Spain 398,815 441,354 1 January 2012 [6] Murcia.JPG
68 Bristol  United Kingdom 393,900 432,451 30 June 2012 [4] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
69 Tallinn  Estonia 392,306 426,745 1 July 2013 [44] Tallinn sea.png
70 Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 425,155 417,389 31 December 2013 [45] Bratislava Old Town (3706932185).jpg
71 Szczecin  Poland 411,900 409,211 30 June 2012 [14] 2009-05-30-polska-by-RalfR-26.jpg
72 Palma de Mallorca  Spain 368,974 407,648 1 January 2012 [6] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
73 Bologna  Italy 374,425 384,202 31 December 2013 [7] Bologna-view.jpg
74 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria  Spain 376,953 382,296 1 January 2012 [6] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
75 Florence  Italy 368,059 377,207 31 December 2013 [7] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
76 Brno  Czech Republic 367,729 378,327 1 January 2013 [16] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
77 Bydgoszcz  Poland 368,235 362,286 30 June 2012 [14] BydgoszczAir.jpg
78 Bochum  Germany 388,179 362,213 31 December 2012 [20] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
79 Bilbao  Spain 352,317 351,629 1 January 2012 [6] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
80 Cardiff  United Kingdom 341,054 348,493 30 June 2012 [4] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
81 Lublin  Poland 355,998 348,120 30 June 2012 [14] Lublin18395.jpg
82 Nice  France 478,850[46] 343,304 31 December 2010 [47] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
83 Wuppertal  Germany 361,077 342,885 31 December 2012 [20] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
84 Plovdiv  Bulgaria N/A 341,041 31 December 2013 [17] Plovdiv Bulgaria.jpg
85 Varna  Bulgaria N/A 335,819 31 December 2013 [17] City of Varna.jpg
86 Alicante  Spain 310,330 334,678 1 January 2012 [6] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
87 Leicester  United Kingdom 331,606 30 June 2012 [4] LeicesterAttenboroughPanorama.jpg
88 Córdoba  Spain 314,178 328,841 1 January 2012 [6] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
89 Bielefeld  Germany 328,012 328,314 31 December 2012 [20] Bielefeld City.jpg
90 Wakefield  United Kingdom N/A 327,627 30 June 2012 [4] Wakefield-1.jpg
91 Cluj-Napoca  Romania 311,528 324,576 20 October 2011 [48] Panorama Cluj Napoca mica.jpg
92 Coventry  United Kingdom 304,200 323,132 30 June 2012 [4] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
93 Bari  Italy 328,458 322,751 31 December 2013 [7] Bari Mercatore del Pesce.JPG
94 Thessaloniki  Greece 386,627 322,240 24 May 2011 [27] Panorama solun.JPG
95 Utrecht  Netherlands N/A 321,989 31 December 2012 [49] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
96 Wirral  United Kingdom 313,100 320,229 30 June 2012 [4] Queens Dock towards Birkenhead.jpg
97 Timișoara  Romania 303,908 319,279 20 October 2011 [48] View over the city Timisoara..jpg
98 Catania  Italy 315,576 315,576 31 December 2013 [7] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG
99 Valladolid  Spain 321,713 311,501 1 January 2012 [6] Antigua.jpg
100 Bonn  Germany 302,247 309,869 31 December 2012 [20] Zepper-sunrise-over-the-niveous-city-of-bonn.jpg
101 Malmö  Sweden N/A 309,105 31 March 2013 [21] Central Malmö.JPG
102 Nottingham  United Kingdom 308,735 30 June 2012 [4] Clipston Nottingham.JPG
103 Katowice  Poland 319,904 308,269 30 June 2012 [14] Katowice.jpg
104 Kaunas  Lithuania 368,913 306,888 1 January 2013 [50] Kaunas panorama.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a political and economic union of twenty-seven member states, located primarily in Europe. It was established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993 upon the foundations of the pre-existing European Economic Community. The European Union is composed of 28 independent sovereign countries which are known as member states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (See "European Countries". Europa. Retrieved 2007-09-05. ).
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  3. ^ Refers to Greater London, which is composed of 32 independent borough councils and the City of London
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  5. ^ "Statistics Agency Berlin-Brandenburg" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (National Statistics Institute)". Ine.es. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
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  8. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Paris (75056) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  9. ^ "Official data for 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "STATISTIK AUSTRIA – Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland". Statistik.at. 17 January 2014. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  11. ^ "Population by type of settlement - annually". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 11 Sep 2014. Retrieved 11 Sep 2014. 
  12. ^ Refers to the city and federal state of Hamburg, which is composed of 7 districts
  13. ^ "Statistics Agency Nord". Retrieved 2013-11-25. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population in Poland. Size and structure by territorial division as of December 31, 2013" (ASPX) (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  15. ^ a b Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung. "www.statistik.bayern.de" (in German). Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  16. ^ a b "Počet obyvatel v obcích České republiky k 1.1.2013" (in Czech). Český statistický úřad. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
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  18. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region
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  37. ^ Figure for 2001 (2004 data not available)
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  43. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Toulouse (31555) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  44. ^ "Number of Tallin residents". Tallinn City Government. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  45. ^ "Štatistický úrad Slovenskej republiky - 31. december 2011". Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  46. ^ Figure for 1993 (1996, 2001 and 2004 figures not available)
  47. ^ Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques. "Commune : Nice (06088) – Thème : Évolution et structure de la population". Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
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  50. ^ Population at the beginning of the year by year, place of residence and administrative territory[dead link]