List of largest craters in the Solar System

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Following are the largest craters on various worlds of the Solar System.

Body Crater Diameter Diameter of
parent body
Ratio Notes
Mercury Caloris Basin 01.551,550 km (963 mi) 4880 32% Caloris Basin comparison.jpg  
Rembrandt 00.715715 km (444 mi) 15% Rembrandt crater mosaic.jpg  
Venus Mead 00.28280 km (170 mi) 12,100 2% Mead crater.gif  
Earth Vredefort 00.275250–300 km (160–190 mi) 12,740 2% Vredefort Dome STS51I-33-56AA.jpg  
Moon Procellarum Basin 02.53,000 km (1,900 mi) 3470 86% Not confirmed as an impact basin.
South Pole–Aitken basin 02.52,500 km (1,600 mi) 70% Aitken Kagu big.jpg  
Mare Imbrium 01.1451,145 km (711 mi) 33% Imbrium location.jpg  
Mars North Polar Basin 09.5510,600 × 8,500 km (6,550 × 5,250 mi) 6780 40% MarsTopoMap-PIA02031 modest.jpg Not confirmed as an impact basin
Hellas Planitia 02.32,300 km (1,400 mi) 34% Hellas Planitia by the Viking orbiters.jpg Largest visible crater in the Solar System
Utopia Planitia 03.33,300 km (2,100 mi) 49% Mars northern hemisphere topo.jpg Largest confirmed impact basin on Mars and in the Solar System
Vesta Rheasilvia 00.505505 km (310 mi) 529 (569)[1] 90%[1] A False-Color Topography of Vesta's South Pole.jpg See also List of tallest mountains in the Solar System
Veneneia 00.40395 km (250 mi) 70%[1] Rheasilvia and Veneneia.jpg Partially obscured by Rheasilvia
Ganymede (Jupiter) Epigeus 00.343343 km (213 mi) 5270 6½%    
Callisto (Jupiter) Valhalla 00.36360 km (224 mi) 4820 7½% Valhalla crater on Callisto.jpg  
Heimdall 00.21210 km (130 mi) 4%    
Mimas (Saturn) Herschel 00.139139 km (86 mi) 396 35% Mimas moon.jpg See also List of tallest mountains in the Solar System
Tethys (Saturn) Odysseus 00.445445 km (277 mi) 1060 42% Tethys N00151608 sharp.jpg  
Dione (Saturn) Evander 00.350350 km (220 mi)[2] 1023 34% Evander crater, Dione.jpg  
Rhea (Saturn) Mamaldi 00.480480 km (300 mi)[3] 1530 31% PIA07763 Rhea full globe5.jpg  
Tirawa 00.36360 km (220 mi) 24% PIA09819 Tirawa basin.jpg  
Titan (Saturn) Menrva 00.392392 km (244 mi) 5150 7½%    
Iapetus (Saturn) Turgis 00.58580 km (360 mi) 1470 39% A Moon with Two Dark Sides.jpg  
Engelier 00.504504 km (313 mi) 34% Iapetus as seen by the Cassini probe - 20071008.jpg  
Gerin 00.445445 km (277 mi) 30% Iapetus Roncevaux.jpg Gerin is overlain by Engelier
Falsaron 00.424424 km (263 mi) 29%    
Titania (Uranus) Gertrude 00.326326 km (203 mi) 1580 21% PIA00039 Titania.jpg Little of Titania has been imaged, so it may well have larger craters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rheasilvia and Veneneia are 95% and 75% of the mean diameter of Vesta, 529 km. However, the mean is affected by the craters themselves. They are 89% and 69% the mean equatorial diameter of 569 km.
  2. ^ USGS
  3. ^ USGS

See also[edit]