Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries

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The largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries are difficult to rank in size because the definition patterns are different from country to country.

By any definition, the metropolitan areas of Copenhagen and Stockholm will rank in top, but it is debatable which one is bigger. For example, Metropolitan Stockholm includes large sparsely populated areas (though most of it is land that because of the topography can not be developed at a reasonable cost), whereas the Stockholm urban area covers only the continuously built-up area. There are various common definitions of Metropolitan Copenhagen: the former Danish Capital Region/Copenhagen metropolitan area (defunct), followed by the smaller Capital Region of Denmark, or the yet smaller Urban area of Copenhagen.

Similarly, some other metropolitan areas are not defined by any fixed guidelines but rather by an estimate of economical and commuter ties between one or several cities and the surrounding region. In some cases, towns have coined names for new metropolitan regions for PR purposes.

Contrarily, the largest urban areas in the Nordic countries can be ranked by more general criteria but is however in general seldom used by official authorities in the Nordic countries.

Largest metropolitan areas[edit]

Rank Metropolitan Area Country Main City Population Land Area
(km²)
Density
(inhabitants/km²)
Image
1. Metropolitan Stockholm[1]  Sweden Stockholm 2,163,042[2] 6,526.24[3] 331.44 Kaknästornet utsikt 2009b.jpg
2. Copenhagen Metropolitan Area[4]  Denmark Copenhagen 1,969,941[5] 3,018.70[6] 652.58 Kopenhagen Innenstadt.JPG
3. Greater Oslo Region[7]  Norway Oslo 1,520,817[8] 8,867.67[9] 171.50 Oslo port.jpg
4. Helsinki Region[10]  Finland Helsinki 1,402,017[11] 3,697.50[12] 379.18 Suurkirkko Helsinki maaliskuu 2002 IMG 0629.JPG
5. Metropolitan Gothenburg[13]  Sweden Gothenburg 958,024[14] 3,694.86[15] 259.29 Göteborg från Liseberg.jpg
6. Aarhus Metropolitan Area[16]  Denmark Aarhus 848,002[17] 5,727.90[18] 148.05 Århus city trafikhavn.jpg
7. Metropolitan Malmö[19]  Sweden Malmö 678,460[20] 2,521.92[21] 269.03 Malmo view2.jpg
8. Greater Bergen Region[22]  Norway Bergen 402,624[23] 2,651.21[24] 151.86 Bergen-Fløibanen-view.jpg
9. Tampere City Region[25]  Finland Tampere 369,123[26] 4,038.04[27] 91.41 Downtown Tampere1.jpg
10. The Triangle Region[28]  Denmark Vejle
Kolding
Fredericia
Vejen
Middelfart
Billund
356,712[29] 3,449.10[30] 103.42 Bølgen (The Wave), Vejle, Denmark.jpg
11. Stavanger Region[31]  Norway Stavanger 325,692[32] 2,600.31[33] 125.25 Vaagen-modf.jpg
12. Turku City Region[34]  Finland Turku 320,689[35] 2,561.17[36] 125.21 Turku Car-free zone.jpg
13. Trondheim Region[37]  Norway Trondheim 279,515[38] 6,973.88[39] 40.08 Trondheim - buildings near Nidelva 03.jpg
14. Greater Reykjavík Area[40][41]  Iceland Reykjavík 208,710[42] 1,039.00[43] 200.88 Reykjavík séð úr Hallgrímskirkju 6.JPG
15. Aalborg Municipality  Denmark Aalborg 205,809[44] 1137,30[45] 180.96 Aalborg 2010 - 125 ubt.JPG
16. Uppsala Municipality  Sweden Uppsala 205,199[46] 2,182.80[47] 94.01 Uppsala Church and city centre.jpg
17. Odense Municipality  Denmark Odense 195,797[48] 305,60[49] 640.70 Odense Rathaus und Dom.JPG
18. Oulu Municipality  Finland Oulu 193,902[50] 3,031.00[51] 63.97 Stockman Oulu rotuaari.jpg
19. Linköping Municipality  Sweden Linköping 150,202[52] 1,427.44[53] 105.22 Stora torget, Linköping, juli 2005.jpg
20. Västerås Municipality  Sweden Västerås 142,131[54] 957.89[55] 148.38 Östermälarstand Västerås.jpg
21. Örebro Municipality  Sweden Örebro 140,599[56] 1,373.15[57] 102.39 Allehandaborgen.jpg
22. Kristiansand Region[58]  Norway Kristiansand 139,769[59] 1,864.27[60] 74.97 Kristiansand-square.jpg
23. Jyväskylä Municipality  Finland Jyväskylä 134,082[61] 1,171.00[62] 114.50 Jyvaskyla centrum.jpg
24. Norrköping Municipality  Sweden Norrköping 133,749[63] 1,495.05[64] 89.46 Drottninggatan-Hospitalsgatan, Norrköping april 2005.jpg
25. Helsingborg Municipality  Sweden Helsingborg 132,989[65] 344.01[66] 386.58 Helsingborg-300px.jpg
26. Jönköping Municipality  Sweden Jönköping 130,798[67] 1,480.36[68] 88.36 Sofiakyrkan, Jönköping Maj 2006.jpg
27. Umeå Municipality  Sweden Umeå 118,349[69] 2,316.61[70] 51.09 Umeå Östra.jpg
28. Esbjerg Municipality  Denmark Esbjerg 115,095[71] 794,50[72] 144.86 Esbjerg square rotated.JPG
29. Kuopio Municipality  Finland Kuopio 106,451[73] 2,309.16[74] 46.16 Kuopio, Finland from Puijo tower.jpg
30. Borås Municipality  Sweden Borås 105,995[75] 909.901[76] 116.49 Borås stadspark.jpg
31. Lahti Municipality  Finland Lahti 103,352[77] 135.05[78] 765.29 Centre of Lahti.JPG

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005) only available in Swedish
  2. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  3. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  4. ^ Danish Nature Agency - Map of Copenhagen Metropolitan Area and its Municipalities
  5. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  6. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  7. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  8. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  9. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  10. ^ City of Helsinki - Definition of Helsinki Region (published in 2009)
  11. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  12. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  13. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005) only available in Swedish
  14. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  15. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  16. ^ Wikipedia - Definition of Aarhus Metropolitan Area (official reference and definition required)
  17. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  18. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  19. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005) only available in Swedish
  20. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  21. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  22. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  23. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  24. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  25. ^ Tampere City Region - Official Website and Definition of the Region
  26. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  27. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  28. ^ The Triangle Region - Official Website and Definition of the Region
  29. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  30. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  31. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  32. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  33. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  34. ^ Wikipedia - Definition of Turku City Region, or equivalent (official reference and definition required)
  35. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  36. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  37. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  38. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  39. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  40. ^ Google Maps - Geographical Definition of Greater Reykjavík Area
  41. ^ Association of Municipalities in the Capital Area (SSH) - Official Definition of Municipalities included in Greater Reykjavík Area
  42. ^ Statistics Iceland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  43. ^ National Land Survey of Iceland - Official Municipality Land Area on January 1, 2011
  44. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  45. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  46. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  47. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  48. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  49. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  50. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  51. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  52. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  53. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  54. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  55. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  56. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  57. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  58. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  59. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  60. ^ The Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Norwegian
  61. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  62. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  63. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  64. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  65. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  66. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  67. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  68. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  69. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  70. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  71. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  72. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 20131
  73. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  74. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish
  75. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (released on February 19, 2014)
  76. ^ SCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014) only available in Swedish
  77. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  78. ^ NLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014 only available in Finnish and Swedish

1 The statistics only include matriculated areas covered by the survey, thus most lakes and all seawater is excluded.