Largest urban areas of the European Union

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This is a list of all the urban areas of the European Union which have greater than 500,000 inhabitants each in 2014. This list is an attempt to present a consistent list of population figures for urban areas in the European Union. All the figures here have been compiled by Demographia.

Important notes[edit]

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 m apart (discounting rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc.). A metropolitan area is an urban area plus the satellite cities around the urban area and the agricultural land in between.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. For example, the list below contains the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union such as Brussels and London have introduced green belts which impacts the urban area but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city. Furthermore the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • If you are used to higher figures for the cities listed below (London is sometimes listed with 14 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc.), this is because figures here are only for urban areas, which are typically smaller than metropolitan areas. Urban areas can be computed by private people or institutions using maps and looking where the built-up area stops. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas.

Urban areas over 500,000 inhabitants[edit]

Rank Urban Area Image State Population Density (per km²) Annual growth rate (%)
1 Paris Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg  France 10,975,000 3,800 0.83
2 London City of London skyline from London City Hall - Oct 2008.jpg  United Kingdom 10,149,000 5,900 0.07
3 Ruhr area DK DO Skyline 300ppi CC BY NC SA-20140223-3068.jpg  Germany 6,722,000 2,800 0.01
4 Madrid Azca-Skyline-271112.jpg  Spain 6,183,000 4,600 0.27
5 Milan Skyline Milano - 05.JPG  Italy 5,264,000 2,800 −0.16
6 Barcelona Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG  Spain 4,656,000 4,300 0.12
7 Berlin Cityscape Berlin.jpg  Germany 4,006,000 2,900 0.01
8 Rome Colosseum in Rome, Italy - April 2007.jpg  Italy 3,798,000 3,400 0.89
9 Naples Napoli.jpg  Italy 3,726,000 3,600 0.01
10 Athens Acropolis Athens Greece.jpg  Greece 3,515,000 5,000 0.29
11 Lisbon There are aerial cable cars alongside the Tagus in Lisbon.png  Portugal 2,669,000 2,800 0.39
12 Rotterdam-The Hague RotterdamMaasNederland.jpg
Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
 Netherlands 2,657,000 2,500 0.39
13 Manchester Manchester Town Hall from Lloyd St.jpg  United Kingdom 2,560,000 4,000 −0.03
14 Birmingham (West Midlands) Birmingham -UK -Skyline.jpg  United Kingdom 2,448,000 3,800 −0.03
15 Katowice (Silesian Metropolis) Śródmieście, Katowice.png  Poland 2,231,000 3,500 0.11
16 Brussels Brussels skyline gp.jpg  Belgium 2,072,000 2,600 0.02[1]
17 Hamburg Hamburg skyline St Michaelis.jpg  Germany 2,057,000 2,500 0.43[1]
18 Cologne-Bonn Über den Rhein.jpg  Germany 2,003,000 2,200 0.50
19 Bucharest HDR clouds.jpg  Romania 1,932,000 6,800 0.10[1]
20 Munich Stadtbild München.jpg  Germany 1,911,000 2,900 0.72[1]
21 Frankfurt Skyline Frankfurt am Main.jpg  Germany 1,856,000 3,400 0.50
22 Leeds-Bradford LeedsSkyline2013.jpg  United Kingdom 1,787,000 4,200 0.24[1]
23 Vienna Wien-Reichsbruecke-6.JPG  Austria 1,739,000 3,800 1.04[1]
24 Budapest Parlement van Boedapest gelegen aan de Donau.jpg  Hungary 1,724,000 1,000 −0.19
25 Warsaw FB Warszawa panorama.jpg  Poland 1,716,000 3,200 0.67
26 Amsterdam ZuidasAmsterdamtheNetherlands.jpg  Netherlands 1,600,000 2,500 0.41[1]
27 Valencia Valencia west night.jpg  Spain 1,561,000 3,000 0.29[1]
28 Lyon Lyon - La Part-Dieu de nuit - 07-12-2009.jpg  France 1,542,000 1,300 0.50[1]
29 Turin Turin monte cappuccini.jpg  Italy 1,499,000 4,000 −0.16[1]
30 Porto Rooftops (8906966328).jpg  Portugal 1,496,000 3,600 1.05[1]
31 Stockholm Gamla Stan swe.jpg  Sweden 1,456,000 3,800 0.58[1]
32 Marseille Coucher de soleil sur Notre-Dame de la Garde.JPG  France 1,369,000 1,300 0.46[1]
33 Stuttgart  Germany 1,354,000 3,100
34 Prague  Czech Republic 1,264,000 4,400 −0.07[1]
35 Copenhagen  Denmark 1,231,000 2,700 0.04[1]
36 Helsinki  Finland 1,203,000 2,400 0.81[1]
37 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,185,000 5,700 0.78[1]
38 Glasgow  United Kingdom 1,182,000 3,300 0.07[1]
39 Dublin  Ireland 1,158,000 2,500 1.14[1]
40 Seville  Spain 1,100,000 5,600
41 Lille  France,  Belgium 1,016,000 2,200 0.50[1]
42 Antwerp  Belgium 990,000 1,500 0.05[1]
43 Nice  France 962,000 1,300 0.52[1]
44 Łódź  Poland 939,000 5,000 −0.67[1]
45 Toulouse  France 880,000 1,100 0.72[1]
46 Liverpool  United Kingdom 864,000 4,400 0.11[1]
47 South Hampshire  United Kingdom 856,000
48 Bordeaux  France 845,000 700 0.60[1]
49 Thessaloniki  Greece 840,000 4,300 0.39[1]
50 Florence  Italy 821,000 3,700
51 Newcastle upon Tyne (Tyneside)  United Kingdom 780,000 4,200 0.16[1]
52 Gdańsk (Tricity)  Poland 775,000 5,000
53 Kraków  Poland 760,000 3,500
54= Bilbao  Spain 750,000 5,800
54= Riga  Latvia 750,000 2,900
56 Palermo  Italy 731,000 6,000 0.12[1]
57 Nottingham  United Kingdom 730,000 4,200
58 Catania  Italy 720,000 2,900
59= Malaga  Spain 700,000 3,600
59= Las Palmas  Spain 700,000 6,800
59= Zaragoza  Spain 700,000 5,700
59= Zagreb  Croatia 700,000 4,400
59= Dresden  Germany 700,000 2,200
59= Hannover  Germany 700,000 2,500
65 Sheffield  United Kingdom 685,000 4,000
66 Nuremberg  Germany 660,000 3,000
67= Bremen  Germany 650,000 2,400
67= Utrecht  Netherlands 650,000 3,900
69 Genoa  Italy 625,000 8,000
70 Bristol  United Kingdom 617,000 3,900
71= Wrocław  Poland 600,000 4,800
71= Poznań  Poland 600,000 2,700
73 Nantes  France 585,000 1,100
74 Belfast  United Kingdom 580,000 3,500
75 Leipzig  Germany 575,000 2,000
76 Toulon  France 559,000 700
77 Mannheim  Germany 552,000 3,500
78= Liège  Belgium 550,000 1,900
78= Vilnius  Lithuania 550,000 2,500
78= Gothenburg  Sweden 550,000 2,700
81 Saarbrücken  Germany 515,000 2,200
82= Douai-Lens  France 510,000 1,100
82= Bologna  Italy 510,000 3,300
82= Aachen  Germany 510,000 1,500
85 Leicester  United Kingdom 509,000

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects

External links[edit]