Largest urban areas of the European Union

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This is a list of all the urban areas of the European Union which have greater than 500,000 inhabitants each in 2013. This list is an attempt to present a consistent list of population figures for urban areas in the European Union. All the figures here have been compiled by Demographia.

Important notes[edit]

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 m apart (discounting rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc.). A metropolitan area is an urban area plus the satellite cities around the urban area and the agricultural land in between.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. For example, the list below contains the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union such as Brussels and London have introduced green belts which impacts the urban area but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city. Furthermore the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • If you are used to higher figures for the cities listed below (London is sometimes listed with 14 million inhabitants, Stuttgart is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munich with 2 million or more, etc.), this is because figures here are only for urban areas, which are typically smaller than metropolitan areas. Urban areas can be computed by private people or institutions using maps and looking where the built-up area stops. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas.

Urban areas over 500,000 inhabitants[edit]

Rank Urban Area Image State Population Density (per km²) Annual growth rate (%)
1 Paris Paris - Eiffelturm und Marsfeld2.jpg  France 10,869,000 3,800 0.83
2 London City of London skyline from London City Hall - Oct 2008.jpg  United Kingdom 9,576,000 5,900 0.07
3 Ruhr area Dortmund Panorama.jpg  Germany 7,312,000 2,800 0.01
4 Madrid Azca-Skyline-271112.jpg  Spain 6,401,251 4,600 0.27
5 Milan Skyline Milano - 05.JPG  Italy 5,248,000 2,800 −0.16
6 Barcelona Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG  Spain 4,604,000 4,300 0.12
7 Berlin Cityscape Berlin.jpg  Germany 3,956,000 2,900 0.01
8 Rome Colosseum in Rome, Italy - April 2007.jpg  Italy 3,798,000 3,400 0.89
9 Naples Napoli.jpg  Italy 3,726,000 3,600 0.01
10 Athens Acropolis Athens Greece.jpg  Greece 3,510,000 5,000 0.29
11 Lisbon Expo16.jpg  Portugal 2,697,000 2,800 0.39
12 Manchester Manchester Town Hall from Lloyd St.jpg  United Kingdom 2,553,379 4,000 −0.03
13 Budapest Parlement van Boedapest gelegen aan de Donau.jpg  Hungary 2,551,247 1,000 −0.19
14 Katowice (Silesian Metropolis) Śródmieście, Katowice.png  Poland 2,507,000 3,500 0.11
15 Frankfurt Skyline Frankfurt am Main.jpg  Germany 2,303,000 3,400 0.50
16 Birmingham (West Midlands) Birmingham -UK -Skyline.jpg  United Kingdom 2,297,000 3,800 −0.03
17 Rotterdam-The Hague RotterdamMaasNederland.jpg
Het Plein 2012.jpg
 Netherlands 2,119,000 2,500 0.39
18 Cologne-Bonn Über den Rhein.jpg  Germany 2,069,000 2,200 0.50
19 Brussels Brussels skyline gp.jpg  Belgium 1,944,000 2,600 0.02[1]
20 Bucharest HDR clouds.jpg  Romania 1,931,000 6,800 0.10[1]
21 Hamburg Hamburg skyline St Michaelis.jpg  Germany 1,796,000 2,500 0.43[1]
22 Vienna  Austria 1,732,000 3,800 1.04[1]
23 Warsaw  Poland 1,715,000 3,200 0.67
24 Marseille  France 1,587,000 1,300 0.46[1]
25 Lyon  France 1,547,000 1,300 0.50[1]
26 Leeds-Bradford  United Kingdom 1,543,000 4,200 0.24[1]
27 Turin  Italy 1,499,000 4,000 −0.16[1]
28 Stockholm  Sweden 1,435,000 3,800 0.58[1]
29 Porto  Portugal 1,398,000 3,600 1.05[1]
30 Munich  Germany 1,357,000 2,900 0.72[1]
31 Stuttgart  Germany 1,274,000 3,100
32 Prague  Czech Republic 1,264,000 4,400 −0.07[1]
33 Copenhagen  Denmark 1,218,000 2,700 0.04[1]
34 Glasgow  United Kingdom 1,203,000 3,300 0.07[1]
35 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,182,000 5,700 0.78[1]
36 Helsinki  Finland 1,159,000 2,400 0.81[1]
37 Dublin  Ireland 1,143,000 2,500 1.14[1]
38= Lille  France,  Belgium 1,050,000 2,200 0.50[1]
38= Amsterdam  Netherlands 1,050,000 2,500 0.41[1]
40 Nuremberg  Germany 1,020,000 3,000
41 Nice  France 966,000 1,300 0.52[1]
42 Antwerp  Belgium 960,000 1,500 0.05[1]
43 Łódź  Poland 906,000 5,000 −0.67[1]
44 Newcastle upon Tyne (Tyneside)  United Kingdom 894,000 4,200 0.16[1]
45 Toulouse  France 884,000 1,100 0.72[1]
46 Palermo  Italy 876,000 6,000 0.12[1]
47 Bordeaux  France 848,000 700 0.60[1]
48 Thessaloniki  Greece 840,000 4,300 0.39[1]
49= Florence  Italy 821,000 3,700
49= Liverpool  United Kingdom 821,000 4,400 0.11[1]
51 Valencia  Spain 810,000 3,000 0.29[1]
52 Zagreb  Croatia 790,000 4,400
53 Kraków  Poland 760,000 3,500
54= Riga  Latvia 750,000 2,900
54= Bilbao  Spain 750,000 5,800
54= Seville  Spain 750,000 5,600
56 Gdańsk (Tricity)  Poland 742,000 5,000
57 Hannover  Germany 725,000 2,500
58 Catania  Italy 720,000 2,900
59 Las Palmas  Spain 700,000 6,800
60 Nottingham  United Kingdom 666,000 4,200
61 Bremen  Germany 650,000 2,400
63 Sheffield  United Kingdom 641,000 4,000
64 Dresden  Germany 640,000 2,200
65 Genoa  Italy 625,000 8,000
65= Bristol  United Kingdom 617,000 3,900
66= Malaga  Spain 600,000 3,600
66= Poznań  Poland 600,000 2,700
66= Wrocław  Poland 600,000 4,800
69 Mannheim  Germany 586,000 3,500
70= Nantes  France 585,000 1,100
70= Aachen  Germany 585,000 1,500
72 Leipzig  Germany 570,000 2,000
73 Toulon  France 559,000 700
75= Liège  Belgium 550,000 1,900
75= Vilnius  Lithuania 550,000 2,500
75= Gothenburg  Sweden 550,000 2,700
78 Saarbrücken  Germany 515,000 2,200
79= Douai-Lens  France 510,000 1,100
79= Bologna  Italy 510,000 3,300
81= Palma de Mallorca  Spain 500,000 3,000
81= Zaragoza  Spain 500,000 5,700

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects

External links[edit]