|• Type||Commissioner system|
|• Total||17 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevationfrom mean sea level||147 m (482 ft)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Larkana or Larkano (Urdu: لاڑکانہ Sindhi: لاڙڪاڻو [laːɽkaːnoː] is a city in the north-west of the Sindh province of Pakistan, where the historic Indus River flows in south of the city. As of 2014, the city's population stands at 1,563,040. Larkana has 6 seats at Provincial Assembly of Sindh. Home to world's most ancient archeological site of Indus Valley Civilization called "Mohenjo-daro (larger in size and area than Babylonia and Assyria.
The city is located within Larkana District. Formerly known as 'Chandka', Larkana is located on the south bank of "Ghar canal", about 40-miles south of the town Shikarpur, Sindh, and 36 miles north-east of Mehar.
Larkana is situated at Latitude 24 56' 00' and Longitude 67 11' 00'.
On May 31, 1998 the mercury hit the at record 52.7 °C. becoming the hottest city in the country's history. On May 18, 2013 the temperature in the city remained at 50 degrees Celsius in Larkana. Hot days continue from May till September, followed by monsoon rains, sometime bringing floods in the nearby areas.
This hot weather sometime cost human lives. In June 2007 couple of people died as a result of hot summer. Hot weather keeps many in the city to remain at home, several cases of fainting are occasionally reported.
Larkana's history is attached with the historical archeological site of 'Indus Civilization' located about 28 km away from the city. These sites have shown signs of democratic and pro-people, who lived more than 5,000 years ago.
The majority of the population of both the city & the district of Larkana speak the native Sindhi language. Urdu and English and are also widely understood. Saraiki, Balochi, Punjabi and Brahui are also spoken in various pockets of the city.
Larkana is surrounded by fertile land, where many varieties of fruits and vegetables are cultivated. These include potatoes, melons, olives, oranges, peas, carrots, cucumber, mangoes and guava. Some 10 km from the city, sugarcane is cultivated and processed, since 1990, at a Sugar Mill near the town of Nau Dero.
Chandka Medical College (CMC) was established and inaugurated by the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto on 20 April 1973. It was the fourth public medical college to be established in the province of Sindh. Chandka Medical College is recognised by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC). The College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) has also established its regional center at the campus of CMC Larkana. CMC is recently upgraded to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University.
Larkana Railway Station is located in the center of Larkana. It connects Larkana to the rest of Sindh and Pakistan. It assists in the transport of agricultural products to the much larger cities such as Karachi.
Moenjodaro Airport is located near Mohen-jo-daro, 28 km away to the south of the city of Larkana, about 5 kilometres away from Dokri. The main users of the airport are Pakistan International Airlines, the country's national flag-carrier. The outdated infrastructure of the airport prevents the use of large, advanced aircraft, with the PIA largely using Fokker aeroplanes for flights.
There are many local, domestic and international games being played there. It has a very large stadium for the Larkanians. Football, Volleyball, badminton, table tennis, Cricket, Hockey, Snooker and many other local games like wanjh watti, deekee dakar, akhh boot, thappey are largely played by native. Larkana is home to the Twenty 20 cricket team Larkana Bulls.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2014)|
- Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto – prominent landowner, father of Z. A Bhutto
- Zulfikar Ali Bhutto – former Prime Minister of Pakistan
- Benazir Bhutto – former Prime Minister of Pakistan
- Muhammad Ayub Khuhro – former Chief Minister of Sindh
- Murtaza Bhutto – founder of the PPP Shaheed Bhutto, son of Z. A Bhutto
- Bashir Ahmed Qureshi- Chairman of the Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz (JSQM)
- Fatima Bhutto – novelist, journalist
- Ehsan Sehgal- poet, writer, journalist.
- Nawab Shah Mouhmed Lahori – Founder and first Chairman of Larkana District Corporation
- Abida Parveen – Sufi singer
- Sobho Gianchandani – Eminent lawyer and scholar
- Mumtaz Ali Bhutto – former Chief Minister of Sindh
- Qazi Fazlullah Ubaidullah – former Chief Minister of Sindh
- Rana Bhagwandas – Ex-Chief Justice of Supreme Court and Chairman of FPS
- Abdul-Majid Bhurgri – The founder of Sindhi Computing
- Rauf Lala - comedian
- Jan Mohammad Abbasi - Vice President of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan
- Indus Valley Civilization* List of Indus Valley Civilization sites
- List of inventions and discoveries of the Indus Valley Civilization
- Hydraulic engineering of the Indus Valley Civilization
- Pocket Booklet, 2006 Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
- Rivers, Bridge. "Infrastructures". Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Population, Larkana. "Population statistics". TheNews. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- Indus, Valley. "Archeology". Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- Lārkāna Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 144.
- Geography, Larkana. http://www.tageo.com/index-e-pk-v-05-d-m3841727.htm. Retrieved 14 October 2014. Missing or empty
- Weather, Climate. Dawn http://www.dawn.com/news/1012162/larkana-remains-hottest-place-in-country. Retrieved 15 October 2014. Missing or empty
- Weather, Casualty. http://www.dawn.com/news/251255/sibbi-and-larkana-sizzle-at-over-51-c. Retrieved 15 October 2014. Missing or empty
- Cases, Fainting. http://www.dawn.com/news/105094/hottest-day-in-larkana. Retrieved 15 October 2014. Missing or empty
- History, Larkana. http://www.dawn.com/news/244720/larkana-scholars-urged-to-find-missing-links-in-history. Retrieved 15 October 2014. Missing or empty
- Chandka, University. "SMBB". CMC. CMC. Retrieved 15 October 2014.