Larkana

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Larkana
لاڑکانہ
City
Larkanaلاڑکانہ is located in Pakistan
Larkanaلاڑکانہ
Larkana
لاڑکانہ
Coordinates: 27°33′36″N 68°13′35″E / 27.56000°N 68.22639°E / 27.56000; 68.22639
Country  Pakistan
Province Sindh
Taluka Larkana Taluka
District created 1901
Taluks 04
Government
 • Type Commissioner system
Area
 • Total 17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevationfrom mean sea level 147 m (482 ft)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 1,563,040
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Area code(s) 074

Coordinates: 27°33′36″N 68°13′35″E / 27.56000°N 68.22639°E / 27.56000; 68.22639

Larkana (Urdu: لاڑکانہSindhi: لاڙڪاڻو [laːɽkaːnoː] is a city in the north-west of the Sindh province of Pakistan, where the historic Indus River flows in south of the city.[4] As of 2014, the city's population stands at 1,563,040. Larkana has 6 seats at Provincial Assembly of Sindh.[5] Home to world's most ancient archeological site of Indus Valley Civilization called "Mohenjo-daro (larger in size and area than Babylonia and Assyria.[6]

The city is located within Larkana District. Formerly known as 'Chandka', Larkana is located on the south bank of "Ghar canal", about 40-miles south of the town Shikarpur, Sindh, and 36 miles north-east of Mehar.[7]

Geography[edit]

Larkana is situated at Latitude 24 56' 00' and Longitude 67 11' 00'.[8] It is situated in North-western Sindh and it has own division. It is also included in upper Sindh.

Climate[edit]

Larkana is Monsoon climatic region. Summer is extremely hot as temperature reaches at 53 °C and winter is a little cool as temperature drops to -2 °C. On May 26, 2010 the mercury hit at record 53.4 °C becoming the hottest city in the country's history. On May 31, 1998 the mercury hit the at 52.7 °C. On May 18, 2013 the temperature in the city remained at 50 degrees Celsius in Larkana. This hot weather sometime cost human lives. In June 2007 couple of people died as a result of hot summer.[9] Hot weather keeps many in the city to remain at home, several cases of fainting are occasionally reported.[10] Hot days continue from May till September, followed by Monsoon Rains, sometime bringing floods in the nearby areas.[11] Monsoon season starts from July and continues till September and brings Torrential Rains. Pre-Monsoon also occurs occasionally in the month of June while post-Monsoon occurs rarely. On July 8, 2003 Larkana experienced a Cloudburst of 209 mm in just 12 hours due to a well marked low Pressure which came from Bay of Bengal. Thunderstorms are very common , they often develop in all months. Most dangerous Thunderstorm was occurred on April 21, 2012 , it was a supercell Thunderstorm which came from west side with heavy Downpour due to strong Western Disturbance which was developed in Gulf of Oman. Duststorms are also very common in summer and Monsoon especially in from March to September. On March 27, 2013 a Duststorm came with the damaging winds of 90 km/h due to a severe Thunderstorm and it brought some Rainfall also. Hailstorms are unusual and occur mainly from February to April. Larkana experienced a powerful Hailstorm in April 2006. In 2012 Larkana received heavy Downpours of 236 mm from 5 - 10 September which flooded the whole city. Same as in August 2011 also, the city received intermittent heavy Rains from 25 - 31 August and again in September 2011 with time to time. In Monsoon of 1994 the city received 510 mm of rainfall as most powerful Low pressures hit Sindh which is the highest rainfall recorded in past 25 years.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Larkana's history is attached with the historical archeological site of 'Indus Civilization' located about 28 km away from the city. These sites have shown signs of democratic and pro-people, who lived more than 5,000 years ago.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Larkana
Religions Percent
Islam
  
92.4%
Hinduism
  
7.3%
Others
  
0.3%

The majority of the population of both the city & the district of Larkana speak the native Sindhi language. Urdu and English and are also widely understood. Saraiki, Balochi, Punjabi and Brahui are also spoken in various pockets of the city.

Economy[edit]

Larkana is surrounded by fertile land, where many varieties of fruits and vegetables are cultivated. These include potatoes, melons, olives, oranges, peas, carrots, cucumber, mangoes and guava. Some 10 km from the city, sugarcane is cultivated and processed, since 1990, at a Sugar Mill near the town of Nau Dero. Guava is cultivated in Larkana more than any other city of Pakistan.

Medical university[edit]

Chandka Medical College (CMC) was established and inaugurated by the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto on 20 April 1973. It was the fourth public medical college to be established in the province of Sindh. Chandka Medical College is recognised by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC). The College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) has also established its regional center at the campus of CMC Larkana. CMC is recently upgraded to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical University.[13]

Transport[edit]

Larkana Railway Station is located in the center of Larkana. It connects Larkana to the rest of Sindh and Pakistan. It assists in the transport of agricultural products to the much larger cities such as Karachi.

Moenjodaro Airport is located near Mohen-jo-daro, 28 km away to the south of the city of Larkana, about 5 kilometres away from Dokri. The main users of the airport are Pakistan International Airlines, the country's national flag-carrier. The outdated infrastructure of the airport prevents the use of large, advanced aircraft, with the PIA largely using Fokker aeroplanes for flights.

Larkana is connected via land buses to most major cities in the country, including Karachi, Islamabad, and Quetta.

Sport[edit]

There are many local, domestic and international games being played there. It has a very large stadium for the Larkanians. Football, Volleyball, badminton, table tennis, Cricket, Hockey, Snooker and many other local games like wanjh watti, deekee dakar, akhh boot, thappey are largely played by native. Larkana is home to the Twenty 20 cricket team Larkana Bulls.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pocket Booklet, 2006 Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
  2. ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-13-13637-Sindh-population-surges-by-81.5-pc,-households-by-83.9-pc
  3. ^ http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR290/FR290.pdf
  4. ^ Rivers, Bridge. "Infrastructures". Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Population, Larkana. "Population statistics". TheNews. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Indus, Valley. "Archeology". Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Lārkāna Town – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 144.
  8. ^ Geography, Larkana. http://www.tageo.com/index-e-pk-v-05-d-m3841727.htm. Retrieved 14 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Weather, Casualty. http://www.dawn.com/news/251255/sibbi-and-larkana-sizzle-at-over-51-c. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Cases, Fainting. http://www.dawn.com/news/105094/hottest-day-in-larkana. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ Weather, Climate. Dawn http://www.dawn.com/news/1012162/larkana-remains-hottest-place-in-country. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ History, Larkana. http://www.dawn.com/news/244720/larkana-scholars-urged-to-find-missing-links-in-history. Retrieved 15 October 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ Chandka, University. "SMBB". CMC. CMC. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 

External links[edit]