|• Type||Commissioner system|
|• Total||17 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevationfrom mean sea level||147 m (482 ft)|
Larkana or Larkano (Sindhi: لاڙڪاڻو [laːɽkaːnoː]) is fourth largest city in the north-western part of Sindh province, Pakistan. It is located within Larkana District. The historical name of Larkana until 1901 was Chandka. Larkana is located on the south bank of the Ghar canal, about 40-miles south of the town Shikarpur, and 36 miles north-east of Mehar.
During British rule over Sindh Larkana became the headquarters of Larkana District and Larkana Taluka, and was for a time, part of the Bombay Presidency of British India. The city lay on the route of the North-Western Railway.
The Imperial Gazetteer of India describes the town as follows:
The country surrounding Lārkāna is fertile and populous, and perhaps the finest tract in the whole of the province: The spacious walks, well laid-out gardens, and luxuriant foliage, have gained for Lārkāna the title of the 'Eden of Sindh' It is one of the most important grain marts of Sindh, and also is famous for a variety of rice called "sugdāsi". There is a large local traffic in metals, cloth, and leather. The principal manufactures are cloth of mixed silk and cotton, coarse cotton cloth, metal vessels, and leather goods. The town contains a dispensary, an Anglo-vernacular school attended by 80 pupils, and a vernacular school with three branches, attended altogether by 379 pupils. The chief local object of interest is the tomb of Mir Shahzaib Khan Jalbani, according to Nadeem wagan's article who was a military officer of [Mir Danish Nawaz Khan Jalbani], and died in 1735 - Of modern buildings the most noteworthy are the Collector's office, a fine domed building with an ornamental Darbār hall; erected in 1902 ; and a neatly built school and boarding- house for the, sons of zamīndārs, erected by public subscription in the same year. This school has 60 inmates and teaches English and Sindhī. The municipality, established in 1855, had an average income of Rs. 46,000 during the decade ending 1901. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 54,000.—
The majority of the population of both the city & the district of Larkana speak the native Sindhi language. English and Urdu are also widely understood. Saraiki, Balochi, Punjabi and Brahvi are also spoken in various pockets of the city.
Larkana is surrounded by fertile land, where many varieties of fruits and vegetables are cultivated. These include potatoes, melons, olives, oranges, peas, carrots, cucumber, mangoes and guava. Some 10 km from the city, sugarcane is cultivated and processed, since 1990, at a Sugar Mill near the town of Nau Dero.
Chandka Medical College (CMC) was established and inaugurated by the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto on 20 April 1973. It was the fourth public medical college to be established in the province of Sindh. Chandka Medical College is recognized by Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC). The College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan (CPSP) has also established its regional center at the campus of CMC Larkana. The CPSP conducts, FCPS-I, FCPS-II and MCPS examinations at the CMC Larkana center, since 1999. The exam results of local candidates are comparable with other renowned centers of education across the country.
Larkana Railway Station is located in the center of Larkana. It connects the city of Larkana to the rest of Sindh and Pakistan via rail, & assists in the transport of agricultural produce to the larger cities such as Karachi. Moenjodaro Airport is located near Mohen-jo-daro, 28 km away to the south of the city of Larkana, 5 kilometers away from Dokri. The main users of the airport are Pakistan International Airlines, the country's national flag carrier. The outdated infrastructure of the airport prevents the use of large, advanced aircraft, with the PIA largely using Fokker airplanes for flights. Larkana is connected via bus to most major Pakistani cities such as Karachi, Islamabad, and Quetta.
- Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto - prominent landowner, father of Z. A Bhutto
- Zulfikar Ali Bhutto – former Prime Minister of Pakistan
- Benazir Bhutto – former Prime Minister of Pakistan
- Muhammad Ayub Khuhro – former Chief Minister of Sindh
- Murtaza Bhutto - founder of the PPP Shaheed Bhutto, son of Z. A Bhutto
- Bashir Ahmed Qureshi- Chairman of the Jeay Sindh Qaumi Mahaz (JSQM)
- Fatima Bhutto - novelist, journalist
- Ehsan Sehgal- poet, writer, journalist.
- Nawab Shah Mouhmed Lahori – Founder and first Chairman of Larkana District Corporation
- Abida Parveen – Sufi singer
- Sobho Gianchandani - Eminent lawyer and scholar
- Mumtaz Ali Bhutto - former Chief Minister of Sindh
- Qazi Fazlullah Ubaidullah - former Chief Minister of Sindh
- Justice Rana Bhagwan Das - Ex-Chief Justice of Supreme Court and Chairman of FPS
- Pocket Booklet, 2006 Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
- Lārkāna Town - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 144.
- Medical University, Chandka. "CMC history". CMC Larkana. Retrieved 10 November 2013.