Lawrence Devlin (June 18, 1922 – December 6, 2008) — known as Larry Devlin — was a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) field officer. Stationed for many years in Africa, he was CIA station chief in the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the Congo Crisis when Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba was assassinated on 17 January 1961.
He entered service with the CIA in 1949, having been recruited out of college by McGeorge Bundy.
Devlin became chief of station in Congo in July 1960, a mere 10 days after the country's independence from Belgium and shortly before Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba's two month term in office, dismissal from power and ultimate execution. In his memoir, Devlin reveals that late in 1960, he received instructions from an agent ("Joe from Paris") who was relaying instructions from CIA headquarters that he (Devlin) was to effect the assassination of Lumumba. Various poisons, including one secreted in a tube of toothpaste, were proffered. The directive had come from the CIA Deputy Chief of Plans Dick Bissell, but Devlin wanted to know if it had originated at a higher level and if so, how high. "Joe" had been given to understand that it had come from President Dwight D. Eisenhower, but Devlin never knew for sure. Devlin wrote (and said in public speaking engagements) that he felt an assassination would have been "morally wrong" and likely to backfire and work against U.S. interests. In the event, he temporized, neglecting to act, and Lumumba was ultimately murdered by his enemies in Katanga, allegedly with Belgian government participation. U.S. intelligence was kept apprised.
Devlin supported Congolese dictator Mobutu Sese Seko in his two coups (14 September 1960 and 24 November 1965). He maintained that it was not a mistake for the U.S. to support this anti-communist, pro-Western strongman in light of larger Cold War concerns.
Later, Devlin served as station chief in Laos, and then as chief, Africa Division. He retired from service with the CIA in 1974.
Subsequent to his CIA employment, Devlin and his wife settled in the Congo and became the De Beers Diamond representative in Kinshasa, where he socialized widely in the expatriate community during the late-1970s and early '80s.
In later life, Devlin divided his time between Virginia and Provence, France.
- Devlin's book Chief of Station, Congo is his account of his firsthand experiences and observations in the Congo during the Cold War.
- Seth Greenland's satirical 1997 play Jungle Rot  appears to be loosely based on Devlin's tenure in the Congo.
- Shane, Scott (2008-12-11), "Lawrence R. Devlin, 86, C.I.A. Officer Who Balked on a Congo Plot, Is Dead", New York Times
- Devlin, Larry (2007), Chief of station, Congo : a memoir of 1960-67, New York: PublicAffairs, ISBN 1-58648-405-2
- Greenland, Seth (1997), Jungle Rot, New York: Dramatists Play Service, ISBN 0-8222-1570-5
- "Seth Greenland", Playwrights Database
- 'Chief of Station' Recalls Congo During Cold War March 13, 2007 Fresh Air
- Transcript of Correspondent: Who Killed Lumumba?, featuring Devlin