Larry Echo Hawk
|Larry Echo Hawk|
|10th Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs|
May 22, 2009 – April 27, 2012
|Preceded by||Carl J. Artman|
|Succeeded by||Donald “Del” Laverdure (acting)|
|30th Attorney General of Idaho|
January 7, 1991 – January 2, 1995
|Preceded by||Jim Jones|
|Succeeded by||Alan G. Lance|
August 2, 1948 |
|Nationality||American, Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma|
|Spouse(s)||Terry Echo Hawk|
|Relations||Brother: John EchoHawk|
|Alma mater||Brigham Young University (B.A.)
University of Utah Law School (J.D.)
|Profession||Attorney, prosecutor, law professor, politician|
|Religion||The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|
|Home town||Farmington, New Mexico|
|Known for||First Native American elected
to constitutional statewide office
Larry J. Echo Hawk (born August 2, 1948) is an attorney, legal scholar and politician and since 2012 has been a general authority of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Prior to becoming a general authority, he was the United States Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs. On May 20, 2009, Echo Hawk joined the administration of U.S. President Barack Obama as the head of the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs. He served as Attorney General of Idaho from 1991 to 1995.
Early life and education
Echo Hawk was born in Cody, Wyoming to Ernest and Emma Jane Echo Hawk. His father worked with the oil and gas industry. Shortly before starting first grade the family moved to Farmington, New Mexico. He and his family joined the LDS Church when he was 14. He later baptized Teresa "Terry" Pries, whom he had been dating for several years, and in 1967 their marriage in the Salt Lake Temple was performed by Spencer W. Kimball, then a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Echo Hawk attended Brigham Young University (BYU) on a football scholarship (playing as a safety). He earned a degree in physical education and zoology from BYU and served for two years in the Marines. He then received his Juris Doctor degree in 1973 from the University of Utah. From 1974 to 1975 Echo Hawk was enrolled in Stanford University's MBA program.
Echo Hawk began his legal career working with California Indian Legal Services. He started his own law practice in Salt Lake City, Utah in 1975. In 1977, he became general legal counsel for the Fort Hall, Idaho based Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. He also served as a special prosecutor for the Navajo Nation in 1985.
A Democrat, Echo Hawk entered politics in 1982 by winning a seat in the Idaho State House of Representatives from Bannock County. Four years later he was elected Bannock County prosecuting attorney. Echo Hawk was elected Attorney General of Idaho in 1990.
Echo Hawk served as national co-chair for Native Americans for Clinton-Gore in 1992 and was a principal speaker at that year's Democratic National Convention. He was also the chair of the Idaho delegation at the Democratic National Convention that year.
In 1994 Echo Hawk announced his candidacy to succeed fellow Democrat Cecil D. Andrus, who was retiring as Governor of Idaho. Echo Hawk decisively defeated former state senator Ron Beitelspacher and an unknown candidate in the Democratic primary, fueling speculation that he could be the nation's first Native American governor. However, he was defeated in the general election by the Republican candidate, former Lieutenant Governor Phil Batt. Echo Hawk has not been a candidate for public office since.
Shortly after his 1994 defeat, Echo Hawk accepted a faculty position at Brigham Young University's J. Reuben Clark Law School. In that capacity he taught courses in criminal law, criminal procedure and federal Indian law. He has also published several scholarly papers.
Echo Hawk served on the American Indian Services National Advisory Board and Board of Trustees. He was appointed by President Bill Clinton to the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice, a leading group on justice policy development. He has also served on the board of the American Indian Community Resource Center.
Echo Hawk became the Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs in 2009. Under his administration of the department the amount of land held in trust by the Federal Government for Native American groups was increased by 158,000 acres. He also oversaw several water agreements for Native American groups. It was also under his direction that implementation of the Tribal Law and Order Act occurred. While over Indian Affairs, he oversaw the formation of the Tribal Leadership Conference which provides for an annual meeting between leaders or other representatives of the 566 federally recognized tribes and the United States President and all members of the Cabinet. He resigned his position at Interior on April 27, 2012.
LDS Church service
|Larry J. Echo Hawk|
|First Quorum of the Seventy|
|March 31, 2012|
|Called by||Thomas S. Monson|
At the time he was elected State Attorney General in Idaho he was serving as a member of the board of trustees of LDS Social Services. He was accepted by church membership as a general authority and member of the First Quorum of the Seventy on March 31, 2012. On August 1, 2013, Echo Hawk began serving as second counselor in the Philippines Area Presidency.
Echo Hawk is a member of the Pawnee tribe.
Echo Hawk and his wife, Terry, live in Alexandria, Virginia. Terry is a registered nurse. They have six children and twenty-four grandchildren. John Echo Hawk, director of the Native American Rights Fund, is his brother.
- Ling, Katherine (2009-05-20), "Senate confirms 3 nominees for DOE, 1 for Interior", The New York Times, retrieved 2012-03-31
- Wrigley, Heather Whittle (14 April 2012), "Elder Larry Echo Hawk: 'Lifting people' a lifelong choice", Church News
- Larry EchoHawk Athlete Profile | The Official Site of BYU Athletics. (accessed 18 October 2013)
- "Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs Larry Echo Hawk to Conclude Successful Tenure at Interior", Red Lake Net News (Red Lake Senior High School) 8 (158), April 10, 2012[unreliable source?]
- U.S. House hearing bio of Echo Hawk
- Department of Interior bio of Echo Hawk
- "Dennis Romboy "New Mormon Leader Echo Hawk Fostered New Era in U.S., Tribal Relations", Deseret News, April 10, 2012
- "Echo Hawk Sets Resignation Date For April 27", Indian Country Today Media Network, April 9, 2012
- "Idaho attorney general is living example of 'American dream'", Church News, August 3, 1991
- Church News, May 25, 2013.
- "Elder Larry Echo Hawk", Liahona, May 2012.
- "General Authorities: Elder Larry J. Echo Hawk", lds.org
- Department of the Interior Profile
- Echo Hawk Law Offices
|Attorney General of Idaho
1991 – 1995
Alan G. Lance
Carl J. Artman
|Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs
2009 – 2012
Donald “Del” Laverdure (acting)
|Party political offices|
Cecil D. Andrus
|Democratic Party nominee for Governor of Idaho
Robert C. Huntley